Final exam - old stuff MCCs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final exam - old stuff MCCs Deck (67):
1

MCC of MI

atherosclerosis

2

MC type of heart disease

Coronary heart disease

3

MCC of peripheral artery disease

atherosclerosis

4

MC cardiomyopathy

dilated cardiomyopathy

5

MCC of myocarditis

= viral

6

MCC of death in acute rheumatic fever cases

= myocarditis

7

Most freq valvular issue in heart?

mitral valve prolapse

8

MC valve lesion in adults in western countries

Aortic stenosis

9

MCC of pulmonary valve stuff

= congenital malformations

10

MC heart disease in kids

= congenital heart disease

11

MC congenital heart disease in adults

= atrial septal defects

12

MC congenital heart disease

= ventricular septal defect

13

MC primary heart tumor

= myxoma

14

MC primary heart tumor in kids

= rhabdomyoma

15

MC malignancy heart tumors

= metastatic tumors in pericardium

16

MCC of lymphedema

US = surgery
World = bacterial infect

17

Primary malig neoplasm of plasma cells

= multiple myeloma

18

MC cause of death from scleroderma

= lung disease

19

MC small cell lung cancer

Adenocarcinoma

20

MCC of lung cancer

=smoking

21

MC site of lung cancer metastasis

= adrenals

22

MCC of COPD

=smoking

23

MC type of emphysema in smokers

=centriacinar emphysema

24

MC respiratory disease in kids

=asthma

25

MCC of bronchiectasis

US = cystic fibrosis
World = TB

26

MC fatal hereditary disorder in US caucasians

= cystic fibrosis

27

MCC sleep apnea

=obesity

28

MCC (bacterial cause) of typical CAP

= bacteria: Strep pneumoniae

29

MCC of typical CAP (non bacterial)

=microaspiration of oropharyngeal content during sleep

30

MC risk factor for nosocomial PNA

= respirators

31

MCC of common cold

=rhinovirus

32

MCC of croup

= parainfluenza

33

MCC of PNA and bronchiolitis in infants

= respiratory syncytial virus

34

MCC of atypical PNA

= mycoplasma pneumoniae (walking PNA)

35

MCC (bacterial) of COPD exacerbations

= haemophilus influenzae

36

MCC of nosocomial PNA in CF

=P. aeruginosa

37

MC type of plague

= bubonic

38

MC systemic fungal infection

= histoplasma capsulatum (mississippi)

39

MCC of PNA in AIDs patients

=P. jiroveci

40

MCC of lung abscess

= aspiration

41

MCC of hypoparathyroidism

= autoimmune

42

MC non-malig cause of hypercalcemia

= primary hyperparathyroidism

43

MCC of hypothyroidism

= hashimoto

44

MCC of hyperthyroidism

= Graves

45

MCC of thyrotoxicosis

= Graves

46

MCC of endemic nontoxic goiter

= iodide deficiency

47

MC bengin tumor (in endocrine packet)

= Follicular adenoma

48

MC endocrine cancer

= papillary adenocarcinoma

49

MC thyroid cancer

=papillary adenocarcinoma

50

MC solid cold nodule thyroid cancer

= follicular carcinoma

51

MCC of addison disease

=autoimmune

52

MCC of cushing syndrome

= prolonged corticosteroid therapy

53

MC location of neuroblastoma malig tumor

= adrenal medulla

54

MC esophageal cancer worldwide

= squamous cell carcinoma

55

MCC of adenocarcinoma

= Barrett esophagus

56

MC gastric cancer

= adenocarcinoma

57

MC disorder of the GI

= irritable bowel synd. (IBS)

58

MCC of jaundice

=viral hepatitis

59

MCC of cirrhosis

= alcoholic liver disease

60

MC benign tumor of liver

= cavernons hemangioma

61

MCC of hepatic cell adenoma

= oral contraceptives (OCPs)

62

MC liver cancer due to

metastasis

63

MC primary liver cancer

= HCC (hepatocellular carcinoma)

64

MCC of angiosarcoma

= exposure to vinyl chloride (plastic pipes)

65

MC symptomatic disorder of the gallbladder

= chronic cholecystitis

66

MCC of acute pancreatitis

= alcohol

67

MCC of pancreatic cancer

=smoking