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Flashcards in F-G Deck (48):
1

forbear

can you forbear from drinking? refrain from, abstain from, desist from, keep from, restrain oneself from, stop oneself from, hold back from, withhold from; resist the temptation to (be); eschew, avoid, decline to (be). ANTONYMS persist.

2

fore

adjective [ attrib. ]
situated or placed in front: the fore and hind pairs of wings.
noun
the front part of something, esp. a ship.

3

forensic

scientific tests or techniques used in connection with the detection of crime.

4

foreshadow

those things that foreshadow war are sadly upon us: signal, indicate, signify, mean, be a sign of, suggest, herald, be a harbinger of, warn of, portend, prefigure, presage, promise, point to, anticipate; informal spell; literary forebode, foretoken, betoken, adumbrate; archaic foreshow.

5

formidable

intimidating, forbidding, daunting, disturbing, alarming, frightening, disquieting, brooding, awesome, fearsome, ominous, foreboding, sinister, menacing, threatening, dangerous. ANTONYMS pleasant-looking, comforting.

6

foster

1 he fostered the arts: encourage, promote, further, stimulate, advance, forward, cultivate, nurture, strengthen, enrich; help, aid, abet, assist, contribute to, support, back, be a patron of. ANTONYMS neglect, suppress.
2 they started fostering children: bring up, rear, raise, care for, take care of, look after, nurture, provide for; mother, parent.

7

fresco

a painting done rapidly in watercolor on wet plaster on a wall or ceiling, so that the colors penetrate the plaster and become fixed as it dries.
• this method of painting, used in Roman times and by the great masters of the Italian Renaissance including Giotto, Masaccio, and Michelangelo.

8

fritter

he frittered away his inheritance: squander, waste, misuse, misspend, dissipate; overspend, spend like water, be prodigal with, run through, get through; informal blow, splurge, pour/throw down the drain. ANTONYMS save.

9

fulsome

adjective
1 complimentary or flattering to an excessive degree: they are almost embarrassingly fulsome in their appreciation.
2 of large size or quantity; generous or abundant: a fulsome harvest.

10

fume

noun (fumes)
1 a fire giving off toxic fumes: smoke, vapor, gas, effluvium; exhaust; pollution.
2 stale wine fumes: smell, odor, stink, reek, stench, fetor, funk; literary miasma.
verb
1 fragments of lava were fuming and sizzling: emit smoke, emit gas, smoke; archaic reek.
2 Elsa was still fuming at his arrogance: be furious, be enraged, be very angry, seethe, be livid, be incensed, boil, be beside oneself, spit; rage, rant and rave; informal be hot under the collar, foam at the mouth, see red.

11

fumigate

the prisoners' quarters are fumigated once a month: disinfect, purify, sterilize, sanitize, decontaminate, cleanse, clean out. ANTONYMS soil.

12

furtive

they met in seedy dives to craft their furtive plans: secretive, secret, surreptitious, clandestine, hidden, covert, conspiratorial, cloak-and-dagger, backroom, backstairs, sly, sneaky, under-the-table;

13

gabble

talk rapidly and unintelligibly; utter meaningless sounds: he gabbled on in a panicky way until he was dismissed.
noun
rapid, unintelligible talk.

14

gadfly

a fly that bites livestock, esp. a horsefly, warble fly, or botfly.
• an annoying person, esp. one who provokes others into action by criticism.

15

garble

the message was garbled in transmission: mix up, muddle, jumble, confuse, obscure, distort, scramble; misstate, misquote, misreport, misrepresent, mistranslate, misinterpret, misconstrue, twist.

16

garner

Edward garnered ideas from his travels: gather, collect, accumulate, amass, assemble, reap.

17

garrulous

a garrulous old man: talkative, loquacious, voluble, verbose, chatty, chattering, gossipy;

18

gasconade

extravagant boasting.

19

gawky

how can you convince a fourteen-year-old boy that he will not always be so gawky? awkward, ungainly, gangling, maladroit, clumsy, klutzy, inelegant, uncoordinated, graceless, ungraceful; unconfident, unsophisticated. ANTONYMS graceful.

20

gelid

icy; extremely cold: the gelid pond | figurative : she gave a gelid reply.

21

genus

1 Biology a large genus of plants: subdivision, division, group, subfamily.
2 a new genus of music: type, sort, kind, genre, style, variety, category, class; breed, brand, family, stamp, cast, ilk.

22

gesticulate

they frantically gesticulated to get someone's attention: gesture, signal, motion, wave, sign.

23

gesundheit

used to wish good health to a person who has just sneezed.

24

gibbet

execute (someone) by hanging.

25

gibe

noun
an insulting or mocking remark; a taunt: a gibe at his old rivals.
verb [ no obj. ]
make insulting or mocking remarks; jeer: some cynics in the media might gibe.

26

gingerly

he stepped gingerly on to the ice: cautiously, carefully, with care, warily, charily, circumspectly, delicately; heedfully, watchfully, vigilantly, attentively; hesitantly, timidly. ANTONYMS recklessly.

27

girth

1 a tree ten feet in girth: circumference, perimeter; width, breadth.
2 he tied the towel around his girth: stomach, midriff, middle, abdomen, belly, gut; informal tummy, tum.
3 a horse's girth: cinch.

28

glade

an open space in a forest.

29

glint

verb
the diamond glinted: shine, gleam, catch the light, glitter, sparkle, twinkle, wink, glimmer, shimmer, glisten, flash; literary glister.
noun
the glint of the silver: glitter, gleam, sparkle, twinkle, glimmer, flash.

30

glutinous

a glutinous white liquid: sticky, viscous, viscid, tacky, gluey, gummy, treacly; adhesive; informal gooey, cloggy, gloppy.

31

gorge

the river runs through a gorge: ravine, canyon, gully, defile, couloir; chasm, gulf; gulch, coulee.
verb
1 they gorged themselves on cake: stuff, cram, fill; glut, satiate, overindulge, overfill; informal pig out.
2 vultures gorged on the flesh: devour, guzzle, gobble, gulp (down), wolf (down); informal demolish, polish off, scoff (down), down, stuff one's face with; scarf (down/up).

32

gouge

a tunnel had been gouged out of the mountain: scoop, hollow, excavate; cut, dig, scrape, scratch.

33

gradient


1 the gradient of Miller's Hill Road is less steep than it was fifty years ago: slope, incline, hill, rise, ramp, bank; declivity, grade.
2 the gradient of the line: steepness, angle, slant, slope, inclination.

34

grandeur

the grandeur of the Rockies | the grandeur of a royal wedding: splendor, magnificence, impressiveness, glory, resplendence, majesty, greatness; stateliness, pomp, ceremony.

35

grandiloquent

pompous or extravagant in language, style, or manner, esp. in a way that is intended to impress: a grandiloquent celebration of Spanish glory.

36

grandiose

the court's grandiose facade: magnificent, impressive, grand, imposing, awe-inspiring, splendid, resplendent, majestic, glorious, elaborate; palatial, stately, luxurious, opulent; informal plush, swanky, flash. ANTONYMS humble, unimpressive.
2 a grandiose plan: ambitious, bold, overambitious, extravagant, high-flown, flamboyant; informal over the top. ANTONYMS humble, modest.

37

gravitate

take her to a bar, and she automatically gravitates to the lowlifes: move, head, drift, be drawn, be attracted; tend, lean, incline.

38

gregarious

1 he was fun-loving and gregarious: sociable, company-loving, convivial, companionable, outgoing, friendly, affable, amiable, genial, warm, comradely; informal chummy. ANTONYMS unsociable.
2 gregarious fish: social, living in groups.

39

grimace

noun
his mouth twisted into a grimace: scowl, frown, sneer; face.
verb
Nina grimaced at Joe: scowl, frown, sneer, glower, lower; make a face, make faces. ANTONYMS smile.

40

grist

noun
1 grain that is ground to make flour.
• malt crushed to make mash for brewing.
2 useful material, esp. to back up an argument: the research provided the most sensational grist for opponents of tobacco.

41

groin

1 the area between the abdomen and the thigh on either side of the body.
• informal the region of the genitals.
2 Architecture a curved edge formed by two intersecting vaults.

42

grotesque

1 a grotesque creature: malformed, deformed, misshapen, misproportioned, distorted, twisted, gnarled, mangled, mutilated; ugly, unsightly, monstrous, hideous, freakish, unnatural, abnormal, strange, odd, peculiar; informal weird, freaky. ANTONYMS normal.
2 grotesque mismanagement of funds: outrageous, monstrous, shocking, appalling, preposterous; ridiculous, ludicrous, farcical, unbelievable, incredible.

43

grovel

George groveled at his feet, begging for mercy: prostrate oneself, lie, kneel, cringe.

44

grub

noun
1 a small black grub: larva; maggot; caterpillar.
2 informal we'll grab some grub on the way. See food (sense 1).
verb
1 they grubbed up the weeds: dig up, unearth, uproot, root up/out, pull up/out, tear out.
2 he began grubbing around in the trash: rummage, search, hunt, delve, dig, scrabble, ferret, root, rifle, fish, poke.

45

gullible

he was a swindler who preyed on gullible elderly widows: credulous, naive, overtrusting, overtrustful, easily deceived, easily taken in, exploitable, dupable, impressionable, unsuspecting, unsuspicious, unwary, ingenuous, innocent, inexperienced, unworldly, green; informal wet behind the ears, born yesterday. ANTONYMS suspicious.

46

gung-ho

unthinkingly enthusiastic and eager, esp. about taking part in fighting or warfare: the gung-ho soldier who wants all the big military toys.

47

gusto

the three leads approach their roles with gusto: enthusiasm, relish, appetite, enjoyment, delight, glee, pleasure, satisfaction, appreciation, liking; zest, zeal, fervor, verve, keenness, avidity. ANTONYMS apathy, distaste.

48

gynecologist

the branch of physiology and medicine that deals with the functions and diseases specific to women and girls, esp. those affecting the reproductive system.