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Flashcards in D-E Deck (50):
1

dogged

what he lacks in natural talent he makes up for in dogged spirit: tenacious, determined, resolute, resolved, purposeful, persistent, persevering, single-minded, tireless; strong-willed, steadfast, staunch; formal pertinacious. ANTONYMS halfhearted.

2

doldrums

a state or period of inactivity, stagnation, or depression: the mortgage market has been in the doldrums for three years.
• an equatorial region of the Atlantic Ocean with calms, sudden storms, and light unpredictable winds.

3

dolefully

expressing sorrow; mournful: a doleful look.
• causing grief or misfortune: doleful consequences.

4

domain

1 they extended their domain: realm, kingdom, empire, dominion, province, territory, land.
2 the domain of art: field, area, sphere, discipline, province, world.

5

Doppler effect

an increase (or decrease) in the frequency of sound, light, or other waves as the source and observer move toward (or away from) each other. The effect causes the sudden change in pitch noticeable in a passing siren, as well as the redshift seen by astronomers.

Watch animation on wikipedia

6

dowdy

dowdy frocks and an unappealing hairstyle: unfashionable, frumpy, old-fashioned, outmoded, out-of-date, inelegant, shabby, frowzy. ANTONYMS fashionable.

7

down

adjective
1 I'm feeling a bit down: depressed, sad, unhappy, melancholy, miserable, wretched, sorrowful,


adverb
1 they went down in the elevator: toward a lower position, downward, downstairs. ANTONYMS up.
2 she fell down: to the ground, to the floor, over. ANTONYMS up.

8

drip line

refer wikipedia

9

drogue

a device, typically conical or funnel-shaped with open ends, towed behind a boat, aircraft, or other moving object to reduce speed or improve stability.

10

drone

verb
1 a plane droned overhead: hum, buzz, whirr, vibrate, murmur, rumble, purr.
2 he droned on about right and wrong: speak boringly, go on and on, talk at length; intone, pontificate; informal spout, sound off, jaw, spiel, speechify.
noun
1 the drone of aircraft taking off: hum, buzz, whirr, vibration, murmur, purr.
2 drones supported by taxpayers' money: hanger-on, parasite, leech, passenger, bottom feeder; idler, loafer, layabout, good-for-nothing, do-nothing; informal lazybones, scrounger, sponger, freeloader, slacker.

11

due process

fair treatment through the normal judicial system, esp. as a citizen's entitlement.

12

duplex

a house divided into two apartments, with a separate entrance for each.
• an apartment on two floors.

13

dyslexia

other symbols, but that do not affect general intelligence.

14

dyspeptic

he never became the dyspeptic old man his father had been: bad-tempered, short-tempered, irritable, snappish, testy, tetchy, touchy, crabby, crotchety, grouchy, cantankerous, peevish, cross, disagreeable, waspish, prickly; informal on a short fuse, cranky, ornery

15

dystopia

an imagined place or state in which everything is unpleasant or bad, typically a totalitarian or environmentally degraded one. Compare with Utopia.

16

earthy

1 an earthy smell: soil-like, dirtlike.
2 she was a simple, earthy girl: down-to-earth, unsophisticated, unrefined, simple, plain, unpretentious, natural.
3 Emma's earthy language: bawdy, ribald, off-color, racy, rude, vulgar, lewd, crude, foul, coarse, uncouth, unseemly, indelicate, indecent, obscene; informal blue, locker-room, barnyard.

17

ebb

verb
1 the tide ebbed: recede, go out, retreat, flow back, fall back/away, subside. ANTONYMS come in.
2 his courage began to ebb: diminish, dwindle, wane, fade away, peter out, decline, flag, let up, decrease, weaken, disappear. ANTONYMS increase, intensify.
noun
1 the ebb of the tide: receding, retreat, subsiding.
2 the ebb of the fighting: abatement, subsiding, easing, dying down, de-escalation, decrease, decline, diminution.

18

ebullient

in an ebullient mood: exuberant, buoyant, cheerful, joyful, cheery, merry, jolly, sunny, jaunty, lighthearted, elated; animated, sparkling, vivacious, irrepressible; informal bubbly, bouncy, peppy, upbeat, chirpy, smiley, full of beans; dated gay. ANTONYMS depressed.

19

ecology

the branch of biology that deals with the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings.

20

ecosystem

a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.

21

ecotourism

tourism directed toward exotic, often threatened, natural environments, esp. to support conservation efforts and observe wildlife.

22

ecstatic

the news of Sophie's safe return made them ecstatic: enraptured, elated, in raptures, euphoric, rapturous, joyful, overjoyed, blissful; on cloud nine, in seventh heaven, beside oneself with joy, jumping for joy, delighted, thrilled, exultant; informal over the moon, on top of the world, blissed out.

23

efficacious

formal a change in diet may be quite efficacious: effective, effectual, successful, productive, constructive, potent; helpful, beneficial, advantageous, valuable, useful.

24

eke

I had to eke out my remaining funds: husband, use sparingly, be thrifty with, be frugal with, be sparing with, use economically; informal go easy on. ANTONYMS squander.
PHRASES
eke out a living they barely eked out a living: subsist, survive, get by, scrape by, make ends meet, keep body and soul together, keep the wolf from the door, keep one's head above water.

25

elaborate

adjective
1 an elaborate plan: complicated, complex, intricate, involved; detailed, painstaking, careful; tortuous, convoluted, serpentine, Byzantine. ANTONYMS simple, plain.
2 an elaborate plasterwork ceiling: ornate, decorated, embellished, adorned, ornamented, fancy, fussy, busy, ostentatious, extravagant, showy, baroque, rococo, florid; informal fancy-schmancy. ANTONYMS simple, plain.
verb
both sides refused to elaborate on their reasons: expand on, enlarge on, add to, flesh out, put flesh on the bones of, add detail to, expatiate on; develop, fill out, embellish, embroider, enhance, amplify.

26

electrode

a conductor through which electricity enters or leaves an object, substance, or region.

27

elements

noun
1 an essential element of the game: component, constituent, part, section, portion, piece, segment, bit; aspect, factor, feature, facet, ingredient, strand, detail, point; member, unit, module, item.
2 there is an element of truth in this stereotype: trace, touch, hint, smattering, soupçon.
3 (elements) the elements of political science: basics, essentials, principles, first principles; foundations, fundamentals, rudiments; informal nuts and bolts, ABCs.
4 (elements) I braved the elements: weather, climate, meteorological conditions, atmospheric conditions; wind, rain, snow.

28

elicit

your sarcastic remarks will no doubt elicit a negative response: obtain, draw out, extract, bring out, evoke, call forth, bring forth, induce, prompt, generate, engender, trigger, provoke; formal educe.

29

elixir

a homemade elixir purported to enhance virility: potion, concoction, brew, philter, decoction, mixture; medicine, tincture; extract, essence, concentrate, distillate, distillation; literary draft.

30

ellipsis

the omission from speech or writing of a word or words that are superfluous or able to be understood from contextual clues.
• a set of dots indicating such an omission.

31

elucidate

Sherwood's diaries may help elucidate his motives: explain, make clear, illuminate, throw/shed light on, clarify, clear up, sort out, unravel, spell out; interpret, explicate; gloss. ANTONYMS confuse.

32

embark

1 the passengers were not allowed to embark until 4:30: board ship, go on board, go aboard; informal hop on, jump on.
2 he embarked on a new career: begin, start, commence, undertake, set about, take up, turn one's hand to, get down to; enter into, venture into, launch into, plunge into, engage in, settle down to; informal get cracking on, get going on, have a go/crack/shot at.

33

emblematic

1 a situation emblematic of the industrialized twentieth century: symbolic, representative, demonstrative, suggestive, indicative.
2 emblematic works of art: allegorical, symbolic, metaphorical, parabolic, figurative.

34

embryonic

1 an embryonic chick: fetal, unborn, unhatched; in utero.
2 an embryonic prodemocracy movement: rudimentary, undeveloped, unformed, immature, incomplete, incipient, inchoate; fledgling, budding, nascent, emerging, developing, early, germinal. ANTONYMS mature.

35

enamored

she was secretly enamored of the prince: in love with, infatuated with, besotted with, smitten with, captivated by, enchanted by, fascinated by, bewitched by, beguiled by; keen on, taken with; informal mad about, crazy about, wild about, bowled over by, stuck on, hot for, sweet on, carrying a torch for, moonstruck by; literary ensorcelled by.

36

endeavor

the company endeavored to expand its activities: try, attempt, seek, undertake, aspire, aim, set out; strive,

37

endow

1 the CEO endowed a hospital for sick kids: finance, fund, pay for, provide for, subsidize, support financially, put up the money for; establish, found, set up, institute.
2 nature endowed fish with gills: provide, supply, furnish, equip, invest, favor, bless, grace, gift; give, bestow; literary endue.

38

enormity

the enormity of the task: immensity, hugeness; size, extent, magnitude, greatness.

39

enraptured

enraptured by the music: delight, enchant, captivate, charm, enthrall, entrance, bewitch, beguile, transport, thrill, excite, exhilarate, intoxicate, take someone's breath away; informal bowl over, blow someone's mind; literary ravish.

40

entreat

my lord, I entreat you to believe me: implore, beg, plead with, pray, ask, request; bid, enjoin, appeal to, call on, petition, solicit, importune; literary beseech.

41

environs

he environs of Milwaukee: surroundings, surrounding area, vicinity, purlieu; locality, neighborhood, district, region; precincts.

42

envisage

can you envisage the factories of the future? imagine, contemplate, visualize, envision, picture; conceive of, think of; foresee.

43

envoy

he was a special diplomatic envoy to Rome in 1639: ambassador, emissary, diplomat, consul, attaché, chargé d'affaires, plenipotentiary; nuncio; representative, delegate, proxy, surrogate, liaison, spokesperson; agent, intermediary, mediator; informal go-between; historical legate.

44

epicenter

the point on the earth's surface vertically above the focus of an earthquake.
• the central point of something, typically a difficult or unpleasant situation: the patient was at the epicenter of concern.

45

epigram

a collection of humorous epigrams from old gravestones: witticism, quip, jest, pun, bon mot; saying, maxim, adage, aphorism, apophthegm, epigraph; informal one-liner, wisecrack, (old) chestnut.

46

epithet

Rome befits its epithet "the Eternal City": sobriquet, nickname, byname, title, name, label, tag; description, designation; informal moniker, handle; formal appellation, denomination.

47

epoch

England's Tudor epoch: era, age, period, time, span, stage; eon.

48

erosion

erosion has dramatically affected the topography here over the past two hundred years: wearing away, abrasion, attrition; weathering; dissolution, corrosion, decay; deterioration, disintegration, destruction.

49

escapade

an act or incident involving excitement, daring, or adventure.

50

eschew

he firmly eschewed political involvement: abstain from, refrain from, give up, forgo, shun, renounce, steer clear of, have nothing to do with, fight shy of; relinquish, reject, disavow, abandon, spurn, wash one's hands of, drop; informal kick, pack in; formal forswear, abjure.