Flashcards in D-E Deck (50):
what he lacks in natural talent he makes up for in dogged spirit: tenacious, determined, resolute, resolved, purposeful, persistent, persevering, single-minded, tireless; strong-willed, steadfast, staunch; formal pertinacious. ANTONYMS halfhearted.
a state or period of inactivity, stagnation, or depression: the mortgage market has been in the doldrums for three years.
• an equatorial region of the Atlantic Ocean with calms, sudden storms, and light unpredictable winds.
expressing sorrow; mournful: a doleful look.
• causing grief or misfortune: doleful consequences.
1 they extended their domain: realm, kingdom, empire, dominion, province, territory, land.
2 the domain of art: field, area, sphere, discipline, province, world.
an increase (or decrease) in the frequency of sound, light, or other waves as the source and observer move toward (or away from) each other. The effect causes the sudden change in pitch noticeable in a passing siren, as well as the redshift seen by astronomers.
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dowdy frocks and an unappealing hairstyle: unfashionable, frumpy, old-fashioned, outmoded, out-of-date, inelegant, shabby, frowzy. ANTONYMS fashionable.
1 I'm feeling a bit down: depressed, sad, unhappy, melancholy, miserable, wretched, sorrowful,
1 they went down in the elevator: toward a lower position, downward, downstairs. ANTONYMS up.
2 she fell down: to the ground, to the floor, over. ANTONYMS up.
a device, typically conical or funnel-shaped with open ends, towed behind a boat, aircraft, or other moving object to reduce speed or improve stability.
1 a plane droned overhead: hum, buzz, whirr, vibrate, murmur, rumble, purr.
2 he droned on about right and wrong: speak boringly, go on and on, talk at length; intone, pontificate; informal spout, sound off, jaw, spiel, speechify.
1 the drone of aircraft taking off: hum, buzz, whirr, vibration, murmur, purr.
2 drones supported by taxpayers' money: hanger-on, parasite, leech, passenger, bottom feeder; idler, loafer, layabout, good-for-nothing, do-nothing; informal lazybones, scrounger, sponger, freeloader, slacker.
fair treatment through the normal judicial system, esp. as a citizen's entitlement.
a house divided into two apartments, with a separate entrance for each.
• an apartment on two floors.
other symbols, but that do not affect general intelligence.
he never became the dyspeptic old man his father had been: bad-tempered, short-tempered, irritable, snappish, testy, tetchy, touchy, crabby, crotchety, grouchy, cantankerous, peevish, cross, disagreeable, waspish, prickly; informal on a short fuse, cranky, ornery
an imagined place or state in which everything is unpleasant or bad, typically a totalitarian or environmentally degraded one. Compare with Utopia.
1 an earthy smell: soil-like, dirtlike.
2 she was a simple, earthy girl: down-to-earth, unsophisticated, unrefined, simple, plain, unpretentious, natural.
3 Emma's earthy language: bawdy, ribald, off-color, racy, rude, vulgar, lewd, crude, foul, coarse, uncouth, unseemly, indelicate, indecent, obscene; informal blue, locker-room, barnyard.
1 the tide ebbed: recede, go out, retreat, flow back, fall back/away, subside. ANTONYMS come in.
2 his courage began to ebb: diminish, dwindle, wane, fade away, peter out, decline, flag, let up, decrease, weaken, disappear. ANTONYMS increase, intensify.
1 the ebb of the tide: receding, retreat, subsiding.
2 the ebb of the fighting: abatement, subsiding, easing, dying down, de-escalation, decrease, decline, diminution.
in an ebullient mood: exuberant, buoyant, cheerful, joyful, cheery, merry, jolly, sunny, jaunty, lighthearted, elated; animated, sparkling, vivacious, irrepressible; informal bubbly, bouncy, peppy, upbeat, chirpy, smiley, full of beans; dated gay. ANTONYMS depressed.
the branch of biology that deals with the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings.
a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.
tourism directed toward exotic, often threatened, natural environments, esp. to support conservation efforts and observe wildlife.
the news of Sophie's safe return made them ecstatic: enraptured, elated, in raptures, euphoric, rapturous, joyful, overjoyed, blissful; on cloud nine, in seventh heaven, beside oneself with joy, jumping for joy, delighted, thrilled, exultant; informal over the moon, on top of the world, blissed out.
formal a change in diet may be quite efficacious: effective, effectual, successful, productive, constructive, potent; helpful, beneficial, advantageous, valuable, useful.
I had to eke out my remaining funds: husband, use sparingly, be thrifty with, be frugal with, be sparing with, use economically; informal go easy on. ANTONYMS squander.
eke out a living they barely eked out a living: subsist, survive, get by, scrape by, make ends meet, keep body and soul together, keep the wolf from the door, keep one's head above water.
1 an elaborate plan: complicated, complex, intricate, involved; detailed, painstaking, careful; tortuous, convoluted, serpentine, Byzantine. ANTONYMS simple, plain.
2 an elaborate plasterwork ceiling: ornate, decorated, embellished, adorned, ornamented, fancy, fussy, busy, ostentatious, extravagant, showy, baroque, rococo, florid; informal fancy-schmancy. ANTONYMS simple, plain.
both sides refused to elaborate on their reasons: expand on, enlarge on, add to, flesh out, put flesh on the bones of, add detail to, expatiate on; develop, fill out, embellish, embroider, enhance, amplify.
a conductor through which electricity enters or leaves an object, substance, or region.
1 an essential element of the game: component, constituent, part, section, portion, piece, segment, bit; aspect, factor, feature, facet, ingredient, strand, detail, point; member, unit, module, item.
2 there is an element of truth in this stereotype: trace, touch, hint, smattering, soupçon.
3 (elements) the elements of political science: basics, essentials, principles, first principles; foundations, fundamentals, rudiments; informal nuts and bolts, ABCs.
4 (elements) I braved the elements: weather, climate, meteorological conditions, atmospheric conditions; wind, rain, snow.
your sarcastic remarks will no doubt elicit a negative response: obtain, draw out, extract, bring out, evoke, call forth, bring forth, induce, prompt, generate, engender, trigger, provoke; formal educe.
a homemade elixir purported to enhance virility: potion, concoction, brew, philter, decoction, mixture; medicine, tincture; extract, essence, concentrate, distillate, distillation; literary draft.
the omission from speech or writing of a word or words that are superfluous or able to be understood from contextual clues.
• a set of dots indicating such an omission.
Sherwood's diaries may help elucidate his motives: explain, make clear, illuminate, throw/shed light on, clarify, clear up, sort out, unravel, spell out; interpret, explicate; gloss. ANTONYMS confuse.
1 the passengers were not allowed to embark until 4:30: board ship, go on board, go aboard; informal hop on, jump on.
2 he embarked on a new career: begin, start, commence, undertake, set about, take up, turn one's hand to, get down to; enter into, venture into, launch into, plunge into, engage in, settle down to; informal get cracking on, get going on, have a go/crack/shot at.
1 a situation emblematic of the industrialized twentieth century: symbolic, representative, demonstrative, suggestive, indicative.
2 emblematic works of art: allegorical, symbolic, metaphorical, parabolic, figurative.
1 an embryonic chick: fetal, unborn, unhatched; in utero.
2 an embryonic prodemocracy movement: rudimentary, undeveloped, unformed, immature, incomplete, incipient, inchoate; fledgling, budding, nascent, emerging, developing, early, germinal. ANTONYMS mature.
she was secretly enamored of the prince: in love with, infatuated with, besotted with, smitten with, captivated by, enchanted by, fascinated by, bewitched by, beguiled by; keen on, taken with; informal mad about, crazy about, wild about, bowled over by, stuck on, hot for, sweet on, carrying a torch for, moonstruck by; literary ensorcelled by.
the company endeavored to expand its activities: try, attempt, seek, undertake, aspire, aim, set out; strive,
1 the CEO endowed a hospital for sick kids: finance, fund, pay for, provide for, subsidize, support financially, put up the money for; establish, found, set up, institute.
2 nature endowed fish with gills: provide, supply, furnish, equip, invest, favor, bless, grace, gift; give, bestow; literary endue.
the enormity of the task: immensity, hugeness; size, extent, magnitude, greatness.
enraptured by the music: delight, enchant, captivate, charm, enthrall, entrance, bewitch, beguile, transport, thrill, excite, exhilarate, intoxicate, take someone's breath away; informal bowl over, blow someone's mind; literary ravish.
my lord, I entreat you to believe me: implore, beg, plead with, pray, ask, request; bid, enjoin, appeal to, call on, petition, solicit, importune; literary beseech.
he environs of Milwaukee: surroundings, surrounding area, vicinity, purlieu; locality, neighborhood, district, region; precincts.
can you envisage the factories of the future? imagine, contemplate, visualize, envision, picture; conceive of, think of; foresee.
he was a special diplomatic envoy to Rome in 1639: ambassador, emissary, diplomat, consul, attaché, chargé d'affaires, plenipotentiary; nuncio; representative, delegate, proxy, surrogate, liaison, spokesperson; agent, intermediary, mediator; informal go-between; historical legate.
the point on the earth's surface vertically above the focus of an earthquake.
• the central point of something, typically a difficult or unpleasant situation: the patient was at the epicenter of concern.
a collection of humorous epigrams from old gravestones: witticism, quip, jest, pun, bon mot; saying, maxim, adage, aphorism, apophthegm, epigraph; informal one-liner, wisecrack, (old) chestnut.
Rome befits its epithet "the Eternal City": sobriquet, nickname, byname, title, name, label, tag; description, designation; informal moniker, handle; formal appellation, denomination.
England's Tudor epoch: era, age, period, time, span, stage; eon.
erosion has dramatically affected the topography here over the past two hundred years: wearing away, abrasion, attrition; weathering; dissolution, corrosion, decay; deterioration, disintegration, destruction.
an act or incident involving excitement, daring, or adventure.