FAC39: Herd Lameness Flashcards Preview

ICC: Farm Animal > FAC39: Herd Lameness > Flashcards

Flashcards in FAC39: Herd Lameness Deck (15):
1

On average, how much does a lameness case cost?

£100-£250

2

What is the purpose of locomotion scoring?

Assess the prevalence of lameness

3

What is the proper method of locomotion scoring?

Use flat, even surface, exit from parlour

4

What is the purpose of routine foot care in the herd?

Restore foot to normal shape

Correct weight-bearing

Remove overgrowth

5

When should cows be routinely trimmed?

At least once a year if necessary

6

What is the purpose of footbathing?

For control of infectious lameness (digital dermatitis and foul in the foot)

To treat for existing infections

7

What disease to antibiotic footbaths treat against?

Acute, raw digital dermatitis lesions

8

What antibiotics are used in an antibitoic foot bath?

Oxytetracycline, linicospectin, tylosin

9

What is the proper technique for footbathing?

Clean feet first in order to improve penetration of disinfectant

Bath frequently

10

What are the animal factors that impact lameness?

Calving, seasonal factors, heifer management, genetics, stress

11

What are the environmental factors that impact lameness?

Cow comfort, concrete surfaces, bedding and maintenance

12

What are the key areas used to assess for cow comfort?

  • Number of cubicles (one per cow plus 10%)
  • Cubicle occupancy (80-90% should be lying down)
  • Cubical usage
  • Cubical comfort, size, partitions, mats
  • Levels of cubicle injuries

13

Why does rumen acidosis lead to more diseases of the horn?

Acidosis leads to less vitB production, especially biotin, which is necessary for the production of healthy horn

14

How long does it take for the effects of biotin supplementation to be seen?

4 months

15

What other trace elements are connected to lameness?

zinc, sulphur, other vitBs

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