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Head and Neck Anatomy Practice Questions > Face and Parotid > Flashcards

Flashcards in Face and Parotid Deck (60):
1

what makes up the superior saggital sinus

periosteal dura and meningial dura

2

what makes up the diaphragma sellae

diaphragm of dura that forms the roof of the pituitary

3

what blood vessel gives rise to the superficial temporal a

ECA

4

what blood vessel gives rise to the supratrochlear a.

opthalmic artery which comes off of the ICA right next to the optic nerve, and goes towards the eye

5

what blood vessel gives rise to the occipital artery

duric branch of ECA comes up around the back of the head

6

what nerve innervates skin over bregma?

V1 supraorbital n

7

what nerve supplies the occipitalis m

CN VII

8

what nerve supplies the falx cerebelli?

CN X

9

what nerve supplies the temporalis m.

CN V3. remember these are SVE

10

anything derived from the first pharyngial arch are innervated by__

trigeminal CN V

11

trace a drop of blood from the great vein of galen to the heart

straight sinus to confluence to transverse to sigmoid to internal jugular to subclavian v to brachiocephalic v. to SVC

12

what bones contain the glabella?

frontal

13

what bone contains the transverse sinus

occipital

14

what forms the medial border of the cavernous sinus

sphenoid. the body of the sphenoid is hollow (air sinus)

15

what attaches to the tentorium cerebelli (bone)

sphenoid, parietal, temporal

16

what bone attaches to the falx cerebri

occipital, ethmoid (crista galli), frontal

17

what cranial nerves pass through the cavernous sinus?

III, IV, VI in the middle V1, V2 in the wall of the sinus

18

what blood vessels are involved in creating a subdural hematoma?

this is a venous bleed so... bridging veins from the cerebral veins that connect into the superior saggital sinus

19

whats the philtrum?

the sulcus above your lip, and beneath your lip where a cleft palate can develop

20

what muscle do you use to keep your cheeks from puffing out when you blow up a balloon?

buccinator m.

21

part of the obicularis oculi attaches to a little bone near the nose. Which one?

lacrimal bone

22

which nerve is the nerve that feels if you put eyeshadow on?

lacrimal nerve

23

which nerve is the skin of the cheek? where is it from

buccal nerve. CN V3

24

which nerve is the nerve that feels if you put blush on your cheeks?

infraorbital nerve

25

which nerves would need to grow if pinnochio lied a lot?

external nasal nerve (branch of anterior ethmoidal) and infraorbital nerve

26

CN V3 drops down through what opening?

foramen ovale

27

t/f the otic ganglion belongs to CN V

no. some of the autonomics hitchhike on CN V thats why the ganglion LOOKS like it belongs

28

foramen where CN VII emerges

stylomastoid foramen

29

CN V2 goes through what opening?

foramen rotundum

30

how many nerves go through the superior orbital fissure/

6, plus the superior opthalmic vein

31

what muscle covers the infraorbital nerve? what is its function

levator labii superioris. lifts the lip

32

if you have a blink reflex, what nerves are you testing

CN V for the afferent, CN VII for the blink

33

sometimes you can have trigeminal neuralgia. whats the other name for it

"tic de la roux".

34

three muscles that are under your eyebrown (no unibrow)

corrugator supercilii, obicularis oculi, occipitofrontalis

35

stoke that affects CN VII will have trouble with...

blinking, tears, dry cornea

36

kissing muscle?

orbicularis oris

37

muscle that helps you pout?

mentalis muscle

38

muscles of mastication are innervated by ...?

V3

39

raphe between the buccinator and superior pharangeal conductor m?

pterygomandibular raphe. it is the attachment point for buccinator

40

bells palsy is related to sensitivity of sound. whats that called

hyperacusia because it cannot tighten stapedius that tightens the ear drum

41

what are you gonna have to get good at?

knowing where a lesion is, and what will be affected by that lesion. yayyyy!!! Puzzles!!!!

42

what muscle gives you the elvis presley look?

zygomaticus major and minor

43

which muscle creats a lustful facial expression?

nasalis

44

if you can wrinkle your forehead but you can't do the other, what kind of lesion?

peripheral lesion of CN VII

45

facial artery runs underneath __ and __

zygomatic major and minor

46

retromandibular vein splits to __ ,__

EJV, combines with facial v to drain into the IJV

47

does posterior auricular vein drain to retromandibular

yes

48

pterygoid plexus can drain to?

maxillary, deep facial and other veins

49

parotid gland wraps around __

ramus of mandible

50

what three things run through the partotid

retromandibular v. and external carotid a., facial n

51

the parotid duct is ___ to the buccal branches of CN VII

look it up

52

innver vation of parotid is through?

glossopharyngeal n

53

CN 9-11 go through

jugular foramen

54

theres a branch that turns around and go back into the skull and forms a plexus. whats the nerve and the plexus

tympanic nerve and tympanic plexus. the nerve is mixed.

55

where does the lesser petrosal nerve come from?

the tympanic plexus

56

where does the lesser petrosal nerve go to?

otic ganglion, adjacent to the CN V. it synapses here and becomes postganglionic

57

postganglionic nerves go to parotid via ___.

auriculotemporal nerve. parasympathetics HITCH HIKE through this. they are NOT CN V3 branches.

58

lymphatics for the head and neck drain to the?

deep cervical nodes

59

how could squamous cell carcinoma spread lymphatically?

just look at a picture

60

T/F CN VII innervation of facial expression are SVE

true