faction 1540-7 Flashcards Preview

Henry VIII from folder > faction 1540-7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in faction 1540-7 Deck (19):
1

fall of cromwell

-anne of cleves failure

-Catholic faction won as they'd manipulated Henry who was now without a chief minister

2

Marriage to Catherine H

28 July 1540

used by the Conservatives to engineer the fall of Cromwell and allowed Henry to recapture his youth

3

fall of catherine H

she became bored with the aging king and lacked political skill to pretend she was in love with him

catherine was executed on 13 Feb 1542 and Howard withdrew from court

4

marriage to catherine parr

she supported him through illness and helped unite his family

1543

5

plots against catherine parr

catholic faction turned against her as she sympathised with reformist beliefs

her opposition tried to arrest her but Henry accused them of treacherous acts which showed he was still in control

6

plots against cranmer

after Cromwell's fall he was vulnerable to attack from the catholic faction

Henry warned him of a plot which shows he was still in control- he could have enjoyed embarrassing his ministers and showing that they were dependent on him

7

fall of Gardiner

1544

refused to grant his land to the king- his fall shows the reformers were in ascendancy

8

Earl of Surrey's fall and Norfolks declining influence

Earl of Surrey put the royal coat of arms on his emblem- executed

Norfolk arrested- Henry died before signing the execution warrant

9

summary

the removal of Gardiner and Howards was a triumph and adds to the view that Henry lost control in his final year

10

conservative aims

-opposed doctrinal changes but accepted the break with rome

-king to seek advice from nobles not low borns

11

reformer aims

-accepted break with Rome as an opportunity for Protestant reform

12

conservative actions

-fall of Cromwell

-Catherine Howards marriage 1540

-Tried to oust Cranmer from power 1543

Tried to oust Catherine Parr 1536

13

reformer actions

-fall of Catherine H 1541

-Catherine Parr marriage 1543

-Norfolk and Surrey accused of treason 1546

-Denny had use of dry stamp in 1546 and could alter the will after the King's death

14

Denny and Paget

controlled access to King's chamber and control what written information reached the king

kept his death quiet for a few days so they could consolidate their position

15

factions up to 1536

aragonese vs boleyn

16

factions 1536-47

Conservatives - Norfolk and Gardiner

vs

Reformers - Cromwell, Seymour, Cranmer and Parr

17

reformists

cromwell and cranmer

1530-40s focused on reforming doctrine and practises by the church

18

conservatives

norfolk and gardiner

promoted traditional catholic beliefs in practise and doctrine

19

Marriage to cleves signed

October 1539