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Flashcards in the church Deck (22):
1

donations

Andrew Pettegree: "50% of parish churches were substantially remodelled, as citizens poured the new wealth generated by a successful wool trade into their religious lives" in the 15th century

2

uneducated priests

so unable to deliver the traditional services to their congregations

unable to understand the significance of mass

3

simony

to purchase a clerical office from a leading cleric

4

pluralism

to hold more than one clerical office at a time, usually for material benefit

5

non-residence

bishops who did not reside in their diocese but still collected tax

6

nepotism

donating a clerical post to a member of one's family

7

sexual misconduct

ignoring clerical vows of celibacy

8

Wolsey

-Archbishop of York as well as holding several other bishoprics

-used his position to secure benefices for his illegitimate son Thomas Winter

9

A Supplication for the Beggars

Simon Fish

a vicious and satirical attack on the corruption of the clergy

10

1509

around 800 religious houses in England

11

Richard Hunne

while awaiting trial, he was found hung in his cell - claimed to have been murdered by the church

heightened anti-clerical feelings in London

12

S. J Gunn

senior churchmen across Europe indulged in Simony, nepotism and pluralism

13

John Guy

"it is hard to rate Wolsey's ecclesiastical policy as anything much beyond the level of good intentions"

14

Wolsey and religious reforms

-most came to nothing

-criticised by scholars for little reform but the general populace wasn't bothered

15

A.G Dickens

believed that the church was "poorly equipped tp weather the storms of the new age"

also suffered a variety of abuses and lacked spirituality

16

E. Duffy

the church had a "vigorous hold over the imagination and loyalty of the people"

17

Archbishop Warham

1511-12

visisted the parish of Kent and out of 260 priests found that only 4 were ignorant

18

wills

many people left money in their wills to the local parish church which suggests that they didn't believe it to be corrupt

in Cornwall and Devon 57% of people in 1520-9 left money to the church

19

humanists

disliked the spending of money on the Church itself and on its clergy, at the expense of the congregation, who were often poorer

20

Lollards

who followed the teachings of John Wycliffe, also attacked the church for its wealth, greed and superstitious practices

21

Martin Luther

inventor of Protestantism

he also criticised the Catholic obsession with prayer, which was not in the bible

22

there was general anti-clerical feeling

amongst merchants and lawyers who opposed the corruption of priests and their abuses of power