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Flashcards in religious developments Deck (14):
1

the reformation Parliament

-attacked Wolsey for praemunire (answering to the Pope before the King)

-led to general criticism against the church- sympathy for writers like Tyndale and Fish

2

Thomas Cromwell's solution

1530 - appointed to Royal council

used his position to force the clergy to submit to the King - this would force the Pope

3

John Lambert execution

denied transubstantiation- suggests Henry was becoming increasingly tyrannical against those who spoke against him

4

introduction of English Litany

1544

shows further progress towards Protestantism

5

period of religious confusion

ruling anti-catholic acts but not enforced

trying to appease both faiths

6

Christopher Germain

English lawyer who argued that Henry had the right to govern the church in his own kingdom

7

William Tyndale

'Obedience of the Christian Man' - about kings who controlled the church, not foreign authorities like the Pope

8

power

Henry did not want to have to answer to another man. He was chosen by God, so only answerable to God

9

money

-donations would go to him, rather than the Pope

-used the wealth of the catholic churches for his own purpose

10

papacy

had lost respect in the last years due to involved in politics rather than only religious activity

11

1532

Henry decided to break with Rome and establish a royal supremacy over the church

12

significance of English litany

it allowed the congregation to become more involved and feel more accepted in the new religion

13

fluctuations in his policy

perhaps to prevent religious extremism that was going on in other parts of Europe and causing a civil war

wanted to maintain a religious balance

14

period of inflation

Henry couldn't survive off crown rents and loans alone

needed to meet the expenses of the government- could use the monastic lands

Ex: needed money to put down the Geraldine Rebellion in Ireland