result of reformation Flashcards Preview

Henry VIII from folder > result of reformation > Flashcards

Flashcards in result of reformation Deck (17):
1

Cromwell's Ten Articles of Faith

passed in 1536 - incorporated Lutheran ideals

2

A Bishop's Book

published 1537 - attacked the abuses of the church and encouraged protestant reformers

3

1537

first official translation of the bible into English and in 1538 Henry ordered that every parish must contain one

4

relics

were removed from churches and people were discouraged from taking pilgrimages

5

reformers were appointed

Latimer was made a bishop and Cranmer was made the ArchBishop of Canterbury

6

opposition of Thomas More

He had fallen from royal favour when he was reluctant to support Henry's plans to marry Anne. He refused the Act of Succession in 1544 and sent to the Tower. Later executed on a falsified declaration

7

opposition of Aragonese faction

Henry Courtenay and the Northern lords Darcy and Hussey were all executed for following the Pilgrimage of Grace

8

opposition of Carthusian monks

18 were executed, due to the Treason Act

9

the Lincolnshire rising

1-11 Oct 1536

10,000 assembled but evaporated when the Duke of Suffolk's army approached

10

The Pilgrimage of Grace

8 Oct-8 Dec 1536

30,000

11

historians and the pilgrimage of grace

Court Faction Thesis, supported by Elton, suggests that as Darcy and Hussey were members of the Aragonese faction they could've planned the rebellion to oppose Cromwell

Popular Rebellion Thesis, supported by Dodds, argues that it was motivated by the common people's anger at religious changes

12

anger at dissolution

rebels wanted the policy to be stopped as they liked what the Monasteries offered

13

defence of faith

the rebels were partly motivated by trying to preserve the traditional church

14

food shortages and agrarian issues

rebels had had poor harvests in 1526 and 1535

15

taxation

the rebels were hostile to Cromwell's taxing in times of peace

16

opposition to Cromwell's policies

the north saw itself under attack from a greedy crown regime

17

aristocratic feud

GR Elton argues that the uprisings were orchesterated by disaffected nobility - angry and resentful at the positions of Cromwell and Anne