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Flashcards in Facts to know Deck (11)
1

TEX14

-req for cytoplasmic bridges in spermatogenesis

2

Kartagener Syndrome

-Absent or defective dynein/flagellar proteins so sperm can't move=infertile
-associated with resp infections
-does not make females infertile

3

What is the lower part of the vagina derived from?

Endoderm of urogenital sinus (which gives rise to bladder and urethra in both sexes)

4

What embryologic type are the dcuts?

MEsoderm

5

During embryo, what do sertoli cells do?

1. Block spermatogenesis
2. Induce Leydig cell formation
3. Produce AMH

6

In males, what induces mesoderm and what induces endoderm to form sex stuff?

Testosterone: mesoderm
DHT: endoderm

7

Verumontanum

Where ejactulatory ducts open in the prostate

8

BPH

-TZ and submucosal layer
-No glands
-Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS)
-Nodular
-Hormonal changes based

9

Gleason Score

Most abundant grade + highest grade seen in PCA

10

Cryptochidism

-Maldescent of one testis
-S tubule is thicker, so T cannot get into it
-Contralateral testis may also show pathologic changes
-Inc risk of neoplasia in both gonads

11

What can cause abnormal uterine bleeding?

PALM-COEIN
Polyp
Adenomyosis
Leiomyoma
Malignancy and hyperplasia
ABOVE-->related to uterine structural abnormalities

Coagulopathy
Ovulatory dysfxn
Endometrial
Iatrogenic
Not yet classified