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Flashcards in fce12 Deck (34):

con‧vince / kənvɪns / verb [ transitive ]

1:convince somebody (that)
Baker had to convince jurors that his client had been nowhere near the scene of the murder.
2:convince somebody of something
The officials were eager to convince us of the safety of the nuclear reactors.
3:convince somebody to do something
I’ve been trying to convince Jean to come with me.


rite / raɪt / noun [ countable ]

a ceremony that is always performed in the same way, usually for religious purposes → ritual :
funeral rites
ancient fertility rites
These traditional rites are performed only by the women of the village.


rite of passage

a special ceremony or action that is a sign of a new stage in someone’s life, especially when a boy starts to become a man → coming of age
3 last rites final prayers or religious ceremonies for someone who is dying :
A priest came to give him the last rites .


de‧lin‧quen‧cy / dɪlɪŋkwənsi / noun ( plural delinquencies ) [ uncountable and countable ]

illegal or immoral behaviour or actions, especially by young people :
the ever-rising statistics of delinquency and crime


ju‧ve‧nile / dʒuvənaɪl $ -n ə l, -naɪl / adjective

[ only before noun ] law relating to young people who are not yet adults :
juvenile crime
a juvenile court


straighten something ↔ out

to deal with problems or a confused situation and make it better, especially by organizing things SYN sort out :
There are several financial problems that need to be straightened out quickly.


role model noun [ countable ]

someone whose behaviour, attitudes etc people try to copy because they admire them :
I want to be a positive role model for my sister.


pro‧ba‧tion / prəbeɪʃ ə n $ proʊ- / noun [ uncountable ]

a system that allows some criminals not to go to prison or to leave prison, if they behave well and see a probation officer regularly, for a particular period of time :
The judge sentenced Jennings to three years’ probation.
(put/place somebody) on probation
He pleaded guilty and was placed on probation.


pro‧ba‧tion / prəbeɪʃ ə n $ proʊ- / noun [ uncountable ]

a period of time, during which an employer can see if a new worker is suitable :
a three month probation period
on probation
Some people are appointed on probation


pass sentence

formal (= officially say what someone’s punishment will be ) It is now my duty to pass sentence.


in‧fant 1 W3 / ɪnfənt / noun

1 [ countable ] formal a baby or very young child :
An infant’s skin is very sensitive. → Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
2 infants [ plural ] children in school in Britain between the ages of four and eight


viv‧id / vɪvəd, vɪvɪd / adjective

vivid memories, dreams, descriptions etc are so clear that they seem real OPP vague :
I’ve got vivid memories of that summer.
He had a vivid picture of her in his mind.


de‧ten‧tion / dɪtenʃ ə n / noun

[ uncountable ] the state of being kept in prison
in detention
Willis was held in detention for five years.


cus‧to‧dy / kʌstədi / noun [ uncountable ]

the right to take care of a child, given to one of their parents when they have divorced
custody of
He got custody of his son after the divorce.
The mother is usually awarded custody (= legally allowed to have custody ) .
a dispute over who should have custody of the children
The couple will retain joint custody (= they will both have custody ) of their daughters.
Allen is fighting a bitter custody battle over his three children.


cus‧to‧dy / kʌstədi / noun [ uncountable ]

when someone is kept in prison until they go to court, because the police think they have committed a crime :
The committee is looking at alternatives to custody.
in custody
the death of a man in custody


turn out phrasal verb

1 to happen in a particular way, or to have a particular result, especially one that you did not expect
turn out well/badly/fine etc
It was a difficult time, but eventually things turned out all right.
To my surprise, it turned out that I was wrong.
As it turned out (= used to say what happened in the end ) , he passed the exam quite easily.



to spend a particular period of time in prison :
He served an 18-month sentence for theft.
Did you know that Les is serving time (= is in prison ) ?


pass (a) sentence (on somebody)

to officially decide how a criminal will be punished, and to announce what the punishment will be :
Judges no longer have the power to pass the death sentence.


file/lodge a complaint formal

(= make a complaint ) She filed a complaint against several of her colleagues.


defence lawyer

(= a lawyer who tries to prove in court that someone is not guilty ) This evidence was given to the defence lawyer.


drop out phrasal verb

1 to no longer do an activity or belong to a group :
The group gets smaller as members move away or drop out.
2 to leave a school or university before your course has finished → dropout
drop out of :Bill dropped out of college after his first year.


ver‧dict / vɜdɪkt $ vɜr- / noun [ countable ]

an official decision made in a court of law, especially about whether someone is guilty of a crime or how a death happened :
The verdict was ‘not guilty’.


law‧suit / lɔsut, -sjut $ lɒsut / noun [ countable ]

a problem or complaint that a person or organization brings to a court of law to be settled SYN suit
lawsuit against
His lawyer filed a lawsuit against the city.


pros‧e‧cu‧tor / prɒsɪkjutə $ prɑsɪkjutər / noun [ countable ]

a lawyer who is trying to prove in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime


the guilty party

formal the person who has done something illegal or wrong


de‧fen‧dant / dɪfendənt / noun [ countable ]

the person in a court of law who has been accused of doing something illegal → plaintiff SYN prisoner American English :
We find the defendant not guilty.


tes‧ti‧fy / testəfaɪ, testɪfaɪ / verb ( past tense and past participle testified , present participle testifying , third person singular testifies )

[ intransitive and transitive ] to make a formal statement of what is true, especially in a court of law :
Mr Molto has agreed to testify at the trial.


tes‧ti‧mo‧ny /testəməni, testɪməni $ -moʊni / noun ( plural testimonies ) [ uncountable and countable ]

a formal statement saying that something is true, especially one a WITNESS makes in a court of law :
Barker’s testimony is crucial to the prosecution’s case.
In his testimony, he denied that the company had ignored safety procedures.


de‧tain / dɪteɪn / verb [ transitive ]

to officially prevent someone from leaving a place :
Two suspects have been detained by the police for questioning .
She was detained in hospital with a suspected broken leg.


de‧tain‧ee / diteɪni / noun [ countable ] formal

someone who is officially kept in a prison, usually because of their political views


the appeal court British English

the appeals court American English The ruling was reversed in the appeal court.


overturn a verdict

(= officially say that it was wrong ) He was convicted of spying, but the verdict was later overturned.


uphold a verdict

(= officially say that it was right ) This verdict was upheld at appeal.


bring somebody to trial

The people who were responsible for this crime must be brought to trial.