Flashcards in fce3 Deck (96):
come along phrasal verb
1 to be developing or making progress
He opened the oven door to see how the food was coming along.
Your English is coming along really well.
2 to appear or arrive :
A bus should come along any minute now.
Take any job opportunity that comes along.
help / help / verb
help yourself (to something)
a) to take some of what you want, without asking permission – used especially when offering food to someone :
Please help yourself to some cake.
b) informal to steal something :
Obviously he had been helping himself to the money.
ring a bell informal
if something rings a bell, it reminds you of something, but you cannot remember exactly what it is :
Her name rings a bell but I can’t remember her face.
twig 1 / twɪɡ / noun
a small very thin stem of wood that grows from a branch on a tree
im‧i‧tate / 'ɪməteɪt/ veb
1 to copy the way someone behaves, speaks, moves etc, especially in order to make people laugh :
She was a splendid mimic and loved to imitate Winston Churchill.
de‧lib‧e‧rate 1 /dɪ'lɪb ə rɪt / adjective
intended or planned OPP unintentional SYN intentional :
a deliberate attempt to humiliate her
The attack on him was quite deliberate.
de‧cep‧tion / dɪ'sepʃ ə n / noun
the act of deliberately making someone believe something that is not true → deceive :
She didn’t have the courage to admit to her deception.
He was convicted of obtaining money by deception .
in‧stinc‧tive / ɪn'stɪŋktɪv / adjective
based on instinct and not involving thought :
a mother’s instinctive love
something phrasal verb
to try to find out the truth about a problem, crime etc in order to solve it SYN investigate :
Police are looking into the disappearance of two children.
creep 1 / krip / verb ( past tense and past participle crept / krept / ) [ intransitive always + adverb/preposition ]
to move in a quiet, careful way, especially to avoid attracting attention
creep up/over/around etc
ivy creeping up the walls of the building
take something into account
take account of something ( also take something into account ) to consider or include particular facts or details when making a decision or judgment about something :
These figures do not take account of changes in the rate of inflation.
jog sb’s memory
to make someone remember something :
Perhaps this photo will help to jog your memory.
sack / sæk / verb
British English informal to dismiss someone from their job SYN fire :
They couldn’t sack me – I’d done nothing wrong.
sack somebody from something
He was sacked from every other job he had.
sack somebody for (doing) something
He was sacked for being drunk.
per‧'cep‧tion / pəsepʃ ə n $ pər- / noun
1the way you think about something and your idea of what it is like
children’s perceptions of the world
the public perception of the government’s performance
2 the way that you notice things with your senses of sight, hearing etc :
drugs that alter perception
a person who is very interested in the arts: there’s more than enough to satisfy the thousands of culture vultures who will descend on the Scottish capital
a large bird of prey with the head and neck more or less bare of feathers, feeding chiefly on carrion and reputed to gather with others in anticipation of the death of a sick or injured animal or person.
casually or irresponsibly withdraw from a situation in which one is involved or for which one is responsible: they can walk away from the deal and leave the other person stranded
get away from it all
go somewhere to escape from your usual daily routine.
Don't let it go any further
Don't tell this secret to anyone else
you could cut the atmosphere with a knife
something that you say to describe a situation in which everyone is feeling very angry or nervous and you feel that something unpleasant could soon happen There was a lot of tension between Diane and Carol; you could cut the atmosphere in that room with a knife.
a public room in a hotel, theatre, or club in which to sit and relax: the hotel has a pleasant lounge and bar
in spite of that; notwithstanding,however
a surprise or shock, especially of an unpleasant kind and often manifested physically: that information gave her a severe jolt
the stars and the stripes
Flag of the United States
queeze or constrict the neck of (a person or animal), especially so as to cause death: the victim was strangled with a scarf
suppress (an impulse, action, or sound): she strangled a sob
tending to move unsteadily from side to side: the car had a wobbly wheel
show or guide (someone) somewhere: a waiter ushered me to a table
xcessive speed or urgency of movement or action; hurry: working with feverish haste I write in haste
having or showing an excessive pride in oneself or one’s achievements: he was feeling smug after his win
raise (something) by means of ropes and pulleys: high overhead great cranes hoisted girders
let someone or something down
to disappoint someone or a group. Please don't let me down. I am depending on you. I let down the entire cast of the play.
to reduce the difficulty or trouble of
he little voice in the back of your head that warns when something could end poorly for you. Commonly confused with the conscience. A Nagging Self-Awareness is different from a conscience in the sense that, while a conscience generally stops one from doing something that could harm, or hinder everyone involved, a Nagging Self-Awareness tends only to speak up when it's owner in particular stands to lose something from the deal.
a tool or device used for scraping, especially for removing dirt, paint, ice, or other unwanted matter from a surface.
your heart/stomach lurches
used to say that your heart or stomach seems to move suddenly because you feel shocked, frightened Virginia's heart lurched painfully in her chest.
make an abrupt, unsteady, uncontrolled movement or series of movements; stagger the car lurched forward Stuart lurched to his feet
dawn on somebody
if a fact dawns on you, you realize it for the first time:
[British English] The ghastly truth dawned on me.
[British English] It dawned on me that Jo had been right all along.
stylishness and elegance, typically of a specified kind
to make it difficult for something to develop or succeed:
His career has been hindered by injury.
policies that will hinder rather than help families
begin a journey.
aim or intend to do something: she drew up a plan of what her organization should set out to achieve
the state of being extremely violent and severe
allowing yourself to have or do things that you enjoy but do not need, especially if you do this too often - used to show disapproval:
[British English] It feels self-indulgent spending so much on a pair of shoes.
anxious or fearful that something bad or unpleasant will happen: he felt apprehensive about going home [with clause]: they were apprehensive that something might go wrong
oyster / ɔɪstə $ -ər / noun
1 a type of shellfish that can be eaten cooked or uncooked, and that produces a jewel called a pearl
2 the world is your oyster used to tell someone that they can achieve whatever they want
a pattern made up of a lot of straight lines that cross each other
to travel many times from one side of an area to another: spent the next two years crisscrossing the country by bus
mine‧field / maɪnfild / noun
a situation in which there are a lot of dangers and difficulties, and it is difficult to make the right decision :
Choosing the right school can be a bit of a minefield.
The new Administration has to pick its way through the minefield of legislation.
legal/financial/political etc minefield
The legalisation of cannabis is a political minefield.
ad‧here / əd'hɪə $ -hɪr / verb
o stick firmly to something
The eggs of these fish adhere to plant leaves.
adhere to something phrasal verb formal
to continue to behave according to a particular rule, agreement, or belief :
We adhere to the principles of equal rights and freedom of expression for all.
I have adhered strictly to the rules .
come/spring to mind
if something comes or springs to mind, you suddenly or immediately think of it :
I just used the first excuse which sprang to mind.
A memory of last night came to mind, and he smiled.
Fatherhood doesn’t immediately spring to mind when you think of James. ► Do not say that something ‘comes to your mind’ or ‘springs to your mind’. Say that it comes to mind or springs to mind.
'del‧i‧ca‧cy / delɪkəsi / noun
something good to eat that is expensive or rare :
Snails are considered a delicacy in France.
2 a careful and sensitive way of speaking or behaving so that you do not upset anyone SYN tact :
He carried out his duties with great delicacy and understanding.
gra‧vy / 'ɡreɪvi / noun
1 a sauce made from the juice that comes from meat as it cooks, mixed with flour and water
2 American English informal something good that is more than you expected to get
leath‧er‧y / 'leðəri / adjective
hard and stiff like leather, rather than soft or smooth :
her leathery brown skin
cock‧tail / 'kɒkteɪl $ kɑk- / noun
an alcoholic drink made from a mixture of different drinks
dis‧guise 1 / dɪs'ɡaɪz / verb
to change the appearance, sound, taste etc of something so that people do not recognize it :
There’s no way you can disguise that southern accent.
disguise something as something
a letter bomb disguised as a musical greetings card
re‧pul‧sive / rɪ'pʌlsɪv / adjective
extremely unpleasant, in a way that almost makes you feel sick SYN revolting , disgusting :
Many people find slugs repulsive.
fish‧y / fɪʃi / adjective
1 informal seeming bad or dishonest SYN suspicious :
There’s something very fishy about him.
2 tasting or smelling of fish :
a fishy smell
pipe‧line / paɪp-laɪn / noun
1 a line of connecting pipes, often under the ground, used for sending gas, oil etc over long distances
2 be in the pipeline if a plan, idea, or event is in the pipeline, it is being prepared and it will happen or be completed soon :
More job losses are in the pipeline.
ra‧tio‧nale / ræʃənɑl $ -næl / noun
formal the reasons for a decision, belief etc
The rationale behind the changes is not at all evident.
The rationale for using this teaching method is to encourage student confidence.
move out phrasal verb
1 to leave the house where you are living now in order to go and live somewhere else OPP move in :
He moved out, and a year later they were divorced.
move out of
They moved out of London when he was little.
2 if a group of soldiers moves out, they leave a place
3 American English spoken to leave :
Are you ready to move out?
fan‧cy / 'fænsi / verb ( past tense and past participle fancied , present participle fancying , third person singular fancies )
1 like/want British English informal to like or want something, or want to do something SYN feel like :
Fancy a quick drink, Emma?
fancy doing something
Sorry, but I don’t fancy going out tonight.
au pair / əʊ 'peə $ oʊ 'per / noun
a young person, usually a woman, who stays with a family in a foreign country to learn the language, and looks after their children for a small wage
sort something/somebody ↔ out phrasal verb
to arrange or organize something that is mixed up or untidy, so that it is ready to be used :
We need to sort out our camping gear before we go away.
come over phrasal verb
a) if someone comes over, they visit you at your house :
Do you want to come over on Friday evening?
b) if someone comes over, they come to the country where you are
come over to/from
When did your family first come over to America?
come/get to grips with something
to understand or deal with something difficult :
I’ve never really got to grips with this new technology.
mind your manners/language/p’s and q’s
to be careful about what you say or how you behave so that you do not offend anyone :
She gave him a frown and told him to mind his manners.
24 obey [ transitive not in progressive ] American English to obey someone’s instructions or advice :
Some dogs will mind instructions better than others
speak your mind
to tell people exactly what you think, even if it offends them :
He was a tough politician who wasn’t afraid to speak his mind.
to/in my mind
used to show you are giving your opinion about something SYN in my opinion :
The Internet, to my mind, represents information exchange at its best.
cast your mind back literary
to try to remember something that happened in the past
cast your mind back to
Cast your mind back to your first day at school.
cast your mind back over
He frowned, casting his mind back over the conversation.
mind your own business informal
to not ask questions about a situation that does not involve you :
Why don’t you just mind your own business and leave me in peace?
I wish he’d mind his own business.
be minding your own business
to be doing something ordinary on your own when something unexpected happens to you :
My father was just driving along, minding his own business, when suddenly a brick came through the window. SPOKEN PHRASES
quo‧tient / 'kwəʊʃ ə nt $ 'kwoʊ- / noun [ countable ]
1 the amount or degree of a quality, feeling etc in a person, thing, or situation :
Is all this healthy food supposed to increase my happiness quotient?
2 technical the number which is obtained when one number is divided by another
sen‧ti‧ment‧al / sentə'mentl◂, sentɪ'mentl◂ / adjective
someone who is sentimental is easily affected by emotions such as love, sympathy, sadness etc, often in a way that seems silly to other people :
She said a sentimental goodbye.
People can be very sentimental about animals.
one-track mind noun
have a one-track mind to be continuously thinking about one particular thing, especially sex
blow sb’s mind spoken
to make you feel very surprised and excited by something :
Seeing her again really blew my mind.
mind-blowing adjective informal
very exciting, shocking, or strange :
a mind-blowing experience
up‧bring‧ing / 'ʌpbrɪŋɪŋ / noun [ singular, uncountable ]
the way that your parents care for you and teach you to behave when you are growing up → bring up :
Mike had had a strict upbringing.
in‧de‧ci‧sive / ɪndɪ'saɪsɪv◂ / adjective
unable to make clear decisions or choices OPP decisive :
a weak and indecisive leader
make up your mind/make your mind up
to decide which of two or more choices you want, especially after thinking for a long time :
I wish he’d hurry up and make his mind up.
make up your mind/make your mind up about
He couldn’t make up his mind about what to do with the money.
make up your mind whether
daunt / dɔnt $ dɒnt / verb
to make someone feel afraid or less confident about something :
He felt utterly daunted by the prospect of moving to another country.
Don’t be daunted by all the technology.
nothing daunted old-fashioned
used to say that someone continues or starts to do something in spite of difficulties :
It was steep but, nothing daunted, he started climbing.
camouflage / 'kæməflɑʒ / verb [ transitive ]
to hide something, especially by making it look the same as the things around it, or by making it seem like something else
camouflage something with something
I saw a truck, heavily camouflaged with netting and branches.
The strain she was under was well camouflaged by skilful make-up.
tip‧toe 1 / 'tɪptəʊ $ -toʊ / noun
on tiptoe/on (your) tiptoes if you stand or walk on tiptoe, you stand or walk on your toes, in order to make yourself taller or in order to walk very quietly :
She stood on tiptoe to kiss him.
si‧es‧ta / si'estə / noun [ countable ]
a short sleep in the afternoon, especially in warm countries
take/have a siesta
The stores all close after lunch when everyone takes a siesta.
tru‧an‧cy / 'truənsi / noun [ uncountable ]
when students deliberately stay away from school without permission :
the school’s truancy rate
an‧ec‧dot‧al / ænɪk'dəʊtl◂ $ -'doʊ- / adjective
consisting of short stories based on someone’s personal experience :
His findings are based on anecdotal evidence rather than serious research.
con‧sis‧tent / kən'sɪst ə nt / adjective
1 always behaving in the same way or having the same attitudes, standards etc – usually used to show approval OPP inconsistent :
She’s the team’s most consistent player.
We need to be consistent in our approach.
2 be consistent with something if a fact, idea etc is consistent with another one, it seems to match it :
Her injuries are consistent with having fallen from the building.
The results are consistent with earlier research.
p‧pli‧cant / 'æplɪkənt / noun [ countable ]
someone who has formally asked, usually in writing, for a job, university place etc → apply
He was one of 30 applicants for the manager’s job.
successful/unsuccessful applicant (= someone who is accepted or not accepted for a job etc )
Successful applicants will be expected to travel extensively.
have a narrow escape-have a lucky escape
have a narrow escape (= to only just avoid danger or difficulties ) The team had a narrow escape from relegation last season.
have a lucky escape We had a lucky escape when a tree crashed through the ceiling.
stop over phrasal verb
to stop somewhere and stay a short time before continuing a long journey, especially when travelling by plane :
The plane stops over in Dubai on the way to India. → stopover
look around/round (something)
to look at what is in a place such as a building, shop, town etc, especially when you are walking :
Do we have to pay to look around the castle?
Let’s look round the shops.
drop somebody/something ↔ off
to take someone or something to a place by car and leave them there on your way to another place :
I’ll drop you off on my way home.
3 to fall to a lower level or amount :
The number of graduates going into teaching has dropped off sharply.
set off phrasal verb
1 to start to go somewhere :
I’ll set off early to avoid the traffic.
set off for
Jerry and I set off on foot for the beach.
2 set something ↔ off to make something start happening, especially when you do not intend to do so :
News that the claims might be true set off widespread panic.
Hong Kong’s stock market fell, setting off a global financial crisis.