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Flashcards in Fear and Anxiety Deck (15)
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1

unpleasant bodily responses to operant and respondent behavior in presence of particular stimulus or stimulus situation

Anxiety

2

Strategies people use to decrease autonomic arousal that involve engaging in bodily responses opposite to the autonomic arousal; engage in relaxation exercises to decrease muscle tension, heart rate, breathing rate, and to warm the hands

Relaxation training

3

4 types of relaxation training

1.Progressive Muscle relaxation
2.Diaphragmatic Breathing
3.Attention-Focusing Exercises
4.Behavioral Relaxation Training

4

person systematically tenses and relazes each of the major muscle groups in body

Progressive Muscle relaxation

5

Person breaths in slow, rhythmic fashion to replace reapid, shallow breathing when anxious

Diaphragmatic Breathing

6

person directs attention to a neutral or pleasant stimulus to remove attention form anxiety-producing stimulus

Attention-Focusing Exercises

7

person taught to relax each muscle group in body by assuming relaxed postures

Behavioral Relaxation Training

8

Two types of Attention Focusing Exercises:

1.Meditation
2.Guided imagery

9

person focuses attention on visual, auditory, or kinesthetic stimulus

Meditation

10

person visualized or imagines pleasant scenes/ images

Guided imagery

11

Person with phobia practices relaxation while imagining scenes of fear-producing stimulus

Systematic Desensitization

12

client gradually approaches or is gradually exposed to actual fear-producing stimulus

In Vivo desensitization

13

Difference between Systematic and In-Vivo desensitization

-Systematic: imagines fear producing scenes
-In Vivo: exposed to actual fear producing stimulus

14

person is exposed to fear stimulus at full intensity for prolonged period of time until anxiety subsides in presence of feared stimulus

Flooding

15

57. Jesse has fear of heights. How would you use in vivo desensitization to help Jesse with his fear of heights?

- Create a hierarchy of his fear on 10 different levels
- Start at least fear provoking level and complete until no fear/anxiety associated with it
- Move to next level and complete until no fear/ anxiety associated with it
-Repeat until most fear provoking task is complete without fear/ anxiety associated with it