Final: 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final: 14 Deck (58):
1

One of foremost scholars of Northern Renaissance

Johann Reuchlin

2

Wrote On the Fundamentals of Hebrew (a Hebrew lexicon)

Johann Reuchlin

3

Johann Reuchlin

One of foremost scholars of Northern Renaissance, wrote On the Fundamentals of Hebrew

4

Close friend of Luther

Philipp Melanchthon

5

Wrote first systematic theology of Protestant reformation

Philipp Melanchthon

6

Wrote first Protestant confession of faith

Philipp Melanchthon

7

"Preceptor of Germany"

Philipp Melanchthon

8

Philipp Melanchthon

Close friend of Luther, wrote first systematic theology of Protestant reformation, wrote first Protestant confession of faith, "Preceptor of Germany"

9

1st PRINTED English translation of NT from original Greek

William Tyndall

10

William Tyndale

1st PRINTED English translation of NT from original Greek

11

Jacques Lefèvre d'Etaples

Doctrine of Protestant reformation in 1512, translated Bible into French from Latin Vulgate

12

Wrote doctrine of Protestant reformation

Jacques Lefèvre d'Etaples

13

Translated Bible into French from Latin Vulgate

Jacques Levèvre d'Etaples

14

Desiderius Erasmus

1st PRINTED edition of NT in ORIGINAL GREEK in 1516

15

1st PRINTED edition of NT in ORIGINAL GREEK in 1516

Desiderius Erasmus

16

95 Theses, University of Wittenberg

Martin Luther

17

Oct. 31, 1517

95 theses

18

Sold indulgences

Johann Tetzel

19

Johann Tetzel

Indulgences

20

Began Protestant reformation

Luther

21

Diet

An assembly of princes and high church officials in Holy Roman Empire

22

An assembly of princes and high church officials in Holy Roman Empire

Diet

23

Wrote "In Praise of Folly"

Erasmus

24

Who appointed Johann Tetzel?

Albert of Brandenburg

25

Tetzel was appointed by whom?

Albert of Brandenburg

26

Pope Leo X

Built St. Peter's Cathedral with money from indulgences

27

Built St. Peter's Cathedral with money from indulgences

Pope Leo X

28

Albert of Brandenburg, Johann Tetzel, Pope Leo X

Indulgences

29

Diet of Augsburg

Cardinal Cajetan

30

Leipzig Debate

Johann Eck

31

After Leipzig debate, Luther declared:

1) The pope is not infallible
2) The church is not supreme
3) The Bible is supreme

32

Wrote: To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation

Luther

33

Luther wrote:

To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation

34

1517-1600

The Protestant Reformation

35

Dates of Protestant Reformation

1517-1600

36

Debated Luther at University of Leipzig

Johann Eck

37

Johann Eck debated Luther at

University of Leipzig

38

Luther's tract that compared the papacy to Babylon's seizure of Israel (declared pope held church captive

The Babylonian Captivity of the Church

39

Excommunicated Luther

Pope Leo X in 1521

40

What did Pope Leo X do in 1521?

Excommunicated Luther

41

Who called the Diet of Worms?

Charles V

42

What did Charles V do?

Called the diet of worms (after Luther was excommunicated)

43

Light of the reformation

Luther

44

Declared Luther a heretic and outlaw

Edict of Worms

45

Edict of Worms

Declared Luther a heretic and outlaw

46

Where did Luther hide, disguised as knight George?

Wartburg castle

47

1st Protestant university

University of Wittenberg

48

Luther married

Katharina von Bora

49

Katharina von Bora

Luther married

50

Some of he most influential Protestant groups rose in

Switzerland

51

Attacked sale of indulgences, "People's Priest"

Ulrich Zwingli

52

Ulrich Zwingli

Attacked sale of indulgences
(Zurich)

53

"People's priest" in Zurich

Ulrich Zwingli

54

Calvinism, wrote The institutes of the Christian Religion

John Calvin

55

Means "rebaptizer"

Anabaptists

56

Anabaptists

Rebaptizers
Mennonites, Amish, Quakers, Baptists

57

Conrad Grebel

Anabaptists

58

Led anabaptists

Conrad Grebel