Midterm 2016 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Midterm 2016 Deck (110):
1

Means division

Peleg

2

Site of first postdiluvian civilization

Sumer

3

History's second great empire builder

Sargon of Akkad

4

Developed world's most ancient law code

Ur-Nammu

5

World's oldest work of literature outside of bible

Epic of Gilgamesh

6

First empire to rule Middle East

Babylon

7

Built world's first great library at Nineveh

Ashurbanipal

8

Cyrus the great

New Babylonian empire

9

World's first postal service

Darius 1

10

Queen Esther's husband

Xerxes I

11

Ahasuerus

Xerxes I

12

First true alphabet

Sinai script

13

When was Israel the greatest nation under rule of david and Solomon

1000 BC

14

When did northern kingdom of Israel fall to assyrians

721 BC

15

When did southern kingdom of Israel fall to babylonians

586 BC

16

Destruction of Jerusalem

AD 70

17

Hegira

"Flight"

18

Asia's 3 great fertile river valleys

Tigris-Euphrates, Indus, Huang He

19

Where are Himalayan mountains

India

20

Pariah

Bottom of caste system, untouchable

21

Siddhartha Guatama

Buddhism

22

Guptas

AD 320-535

23

India's golden age

Guptas (AD 320-535)

24

World's oldest living civilization

China

25

China's 2 great river systems

Huang He &a Yangtze

26

China's Sorrow

Huang He river

27

Shang dynasty

1525-1028 BC

28

Chou dynasty

1122-256 BC

29

Dynasty Developed writing

Shang

30

China's longest ruling dynasty

Chou

31

First emperor of united china

Shin Huang Ti

32

Great Wall of China

Ch'in Dynasty

33

Which dynasty: great Silk Road

Han dynasty

34

Largest continental empire in history

Genghis Khan

35

Nippon

Source of the sun

36

Ainu

Original inhabitants of Japan

37

Shinto

Oldest surviving religion in Japan

38

Mikado

Emperor

39

First Pharaoh of all Egypt

Memes

40

Father of history

Herodotus

41

Female pharaoh

Hatshepsut

42

Extended boarders to farthest extent

Thutmose III

43

Founded new kingdom in Egypt

Ahmose I

44

Pharaoh during Hebrew exodus

Amenhotep II

45

Established a Hellenistic (Greek) dynasty

Ptolemy

46

World's largest desert

Kalahari desert

47

Africas tallest mountain

Mount Kilimanjaro

48

Africas largest lake, source of Nile

Lake Victoria

49

Greatest ancient civilization in africas interior

Kingdom of Cush

50

First African on record to become Christian

Ethiopian Eunich

51

Aegean civilization

Minoans, Mycenaeans, Trojans

52

First important European civilization after flood

Minoans

53

Emerged the hellenes

Mycenaeans

54

Hellenes

1100-800 BC / Mycenaeans

55

Homer wrote

Iliad & Odyssey

56

Persian king, crushed Ionian revolt

Darius I

57

490 BC / Darius (Persians vs Greece)

Greco-Persian wars

58

Narrow mountain pass in central Greece near Aegean Sea

Thermopylae

59

Athenian who tricked Xerxes

Themistocles

60

Pelopponesian League

Sparta

61

Draco's Code

Every offense punishable by death

62

Brought Athenian democracy to fullest measure

Pericles

63

Golden age of Greece

Age of pericles

64

Pelopponesian war

431-404 BC / Sparta vs Athens

65

King of Macedonia/ wanted to capture all of Greece

Philip II

66

Famous Athenian orator and statesman

Demosthenes

67

Greek city-states

Hellenic League

68

700-338 BC / classical age of Greece - when Greece flourished

Hellenic age

69

Said, "man is the measure of all things"

Protagoras

70

Parthenon

Athens

71

Father of history

Herodotus

72

Father of medicine

Hippocrates

73

Asked, "what is the best way to live?"

Socrates

74

Crossed Hellespont in 334 BC / Philip II son

Alexander the Great

75

Inspired by Socrates / wrote The Republic

Plato

76

Student of Plato / concluded that order of universe must have come from God

Aristotle

77

323-30 BC

Hellenistic Age

78

Pietas
Gravitas
Dignitas

Piety- sense of duty
Gravity- seriousness of purpose
Dignity- sense of personal worth

79

Founding of Rome

753 BC

80

Upper class "insiders"

Patricians

81

Lower class "outsiders"

Plebeians

82

Pantheon

Rome

83

Roman republic

509 BC

84

509 BC

Roman republic

85

Hannibal

2nd Punic war

86

Tiberius Gracchus

Roman tribune

87

Sulla

Champion of senate

88

Marius

Idol of Masses

89

Massage disobeyed and crossed

Rubicon river

90

Caesar stabbed to death

March 15, 44 BC

91

Pax Romana

30BC- AD180

92

Claudia emperors

Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero

93

Buried Pompeii

Mt. Vesuvius

94

Stone wall built in Britain

Hadrian's wall

95

Rules empire after Pax Romana

Barracks emperors

96

Edict of Milan

Constantine (legalized Christianity)

97

Divided Rome into East and West in AD 395

Theodosius I

98

Tiber river

Rome

99

700-338 BC

Hellenic

100

323-30 BC

Hellenistic

101

Rome's 1st civil war

Marius vs. Sulla

102

Marius supported by...
Sulla supported by...

Masses
Senate

103

Second civil war

Julius Caesar vs. Pompey

104

Caesar supported by...
Pompey supported by...

Masses
Senate

105

Third civil war

Octavian vs. Mark Antony

106

Octavian supported by...
Mark Antony supported by...

Masses
Sent

107

Rome's sewage system

Claudius

108

Aegean civilization

Minoans- 2000 BC
Mycenaeans- 1900 BC
Dorians- 1100-800 BC

109

Division of new Greek Empire
Ptolemies...
Seleucids...
Antigonids...

Egypt (Cleopatra part of)
Syria, Mesopotamia
Macedonia, Greece

110

Builder of first world empire

Nimrod