Final: 15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final: 15 Deck (78):
1

Took matters into their own hands, filled with arson, robbery, and violence

Peasants' Revolt

2

Wrote Augsburg confession

Philipp Melanchthon

3

1st Protestant confession of faith

Augsburg confession

4

Augsburg confession

1st Protestant confession of faith

5

Gave official approval to the territorial STATE-ESTABLISHED CHURCH principle in Germany

Peace of Augsburg

6

Peace of Augsburg

Gave approval to the territorial state-established church principle in Germany

7

1530

Augsburg confession

8

Counter-Reformation

Inquisition
Index
Jesuits
Council of Trent

9

Pope's response to Protestant Reformation

Counter-Reformation
(Limited changes within Roman church)

10

Inquisition

Used torture and terror to obtain confessions of heresy from Protestants

11

Used torture and terror to obtain confessions of heresy from Protestants

Inquisition

12

Index

A list of books Roman Catholics were forbidden to read, issued by pope

13

A list of books Roman Catholics were forbidden to read, issued by pope

Index

14

Started Jesuits

Ignatius Loyola

15

Ignatius Loyola

Started Jesuits

16

Called by pope in 1545 to stand up against protestants

Council of Trent

17

Said the words of the pope were equal to that of scripture

Council of Trent

18

S and P

Did Spain and Portugal accept or reject the reformation?

They rejected it!

19

When Charles I became the Holy Roman Emperor, he became...

Charles V

20

Charles V

Charles I after he became Holy Roman Emperor

21

Charles I

Grandson of Ferdinand and Isabella, became king of Spain and also inherited Austria, several Italian kingdoms, Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
Became Charles V after becoming Holy Roman Emperor

22

Introduced Inquisition to Portugal

King John III

23

Phillip II

Spanish Armada

24

Inherited Holy Roman Empire after his brother, Charles V, died

Phillip II

25

Duke of Alva's ruling council who brutally treated the Dutch people

Council of Blood

26

Formed Dutch-Reformed Church

William the Silent, Prince of Orange

27

"Father of Dutch Liberties"

William the Silent, Prince of Orange

28

William the Silent, prince of orange

Formed Dutch-Reformed Church, father of Dutch liberties

29

First powerful man killed by a gun?

William the Silent

30

Henry VII

1st Tudor king of England after winning battle of Bosworth field in war of roses

31

1st Tudor king

Henry VII

32

Henry VIII

"Defender of the Faith"
Wrote book attacking Luther

33

1st wife

Catherine of Aragon
(Divorced)

34

2nd wife

Anne Boleyn
(Beheaded)

35

3rd wife

Jane Seymour
(Survived)

36

4th wife

Anne of Clives
(Divorced)

37

5th wife

Catherine Howard
(Beheaded)

38

6th wife

Catherine Parr
(Survived)

39

Translated Bible into English after Wycliffe

William Tyndale

40

Act of Supremacy

Recognized Henry VIII as "supreme head" of English church, passes by Parliament in 1534

41

Anne Boleyn (2nd wife) gave birth to...

Elizabeth I

42

Jane Seymour (3rd wife) gave birth to...

Edward VI

43

3 Protestant thinkers under reign of Edward VI who ended up being killed by Mary Tudor

Thomas Cranmer
Nicholas Ridley
High Latimer

44

Thomas Cranmer

Rules for Edward VI since he was too young, Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury, had help from Nicholas Ridley and Hugh Latimer

45

Ruled for Edward VI since he was too young, Protestant thinker

Thomas Cranmer

46

Made worship services more Protestant

Book of Common Prayer

47

Catherine of Aragon's daughter

Mary Tudor

48

Was Mary Tudor Protestant or Catholic?

Catholic

49

Became queen after Edward VI died

Mary Tudor

50

Wanted to return England to Roman church, known as "Bloody Mary"

Mary Tudor

51

Book of Martyrs

John Foxe

52

John Foxe

Book of Martyrs

53

Mary Tudor married...

Phillip II

54

"Good Queen Bess"

Elizabeth I

55

Daughter of Anne Boleyn

Elizabeth I (good queen Bess)

56

Laid foundation for Anglican Church

Elizabethan Settlement

57

Wanted to purify Church of England

Puritans

58

Wanted to separate from church of England

Separatists

59

Mary Stuart was enemies with...

John Knox

60

John Knox was whose enemy?

Mary Stuart

61

Queen of Scots, Catholic

Mary Stuart

62

Mother of Mary Stuart

Mary of Guise

63

Wanted to keep Scotland catholic and sent Mary Stuart to France to prepare for marriage with Francis

Mary of Guise

64

Opened violently with the execution of preachers who urged reform

Scottish reformation

65

Outstanding leader of Scottish reformation

John Knox

66

John Knox

Outstanding leader of Scottish reformation

67

Mary queen of scots

Mary Stuart

68

Mary queen of scots' infant son

James VI

69

Built up English navy, long distance guns

Sir John Hawkins

70

Sir Francis Drake

Attacked and raided Spanish ships, 1st Englishman to circumnavigate globe

71

Attacked and raided Spanish ships, 1st Englishman to circumnavigate globe

Sir Francis Drake

72

The Spanish Armada

Philip II, "Invincible Armada"

73

Spanish Armada was defeated by

The English in 1588

74

Defeat of Spanish Armada began...

The Elizabethan Age

75

Perhaps the greatest writer of all time

William Shakespeare

76

Shakespeare's works:

Julius Caesar, Hamlet, A Midsummer Night's Dream, Romeo and Juliet

77

Wrote The Faerie Queene

Edmund Spenser

78

Edmund Spenser wrote

The Faerie Queene