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Flashcards in Quiz 4 Deck (48):
1

Famous black preacher and educator in NC

John Chavis

2

First to propose nationwide public schools following ratification of Constitution,
"Father of public schools under the constitution"
Strong proponent of bible remaining school text

Benjamin Rush

3

Produced actual wording of 1st Amendment,
Remembered as "penman of the constitution"

Gouveneur Morris

4

Prided wording of 1st amendment, concerned that schools were adding other texts than bible and so took away time in Bible

Fisher Ames

5

"Schoolmaster to America,"
American spelling book (blue-backed speller),
Wrote many other academic textbooks including moral and religious lessons

Noah Webster

6

"Schoolmaster of the nation,"
McGuffey Readers

William Holmes McGuffey

7

Pioneer in American education for women

Emma Willard

8

Famous black educator who headed Tuskegee Institute as well as starting a Bible college

Booker T. Washington

9

President of Princeton,
Signed of Declaration of Independence,
Personally trained many early American leaders
, trained both white and black students including John Chavis

John Witherspoon

10

Attorney in 1800s who argued for preservation of religious instruction in americas schools,
Surpreme court agreed and protected Bible in classrooms

Daniel Webster

11

Explained to citizens of new U. S. reasons for a federal constitution,
Still considered single most authoritative source on content of constitution

Federalist papers

12

First federal education law in America

Northwest ordinance

13

Taught in 3 of America's most widely used school textbooks: New England Primer, American spelling book, McGuffey Readers

10 commandments

14

Charles Finney one of presidents,
One of first black colleges to admit men/ women

Oberlin

15

Religion, morality, knowledge should be instilled in America's children at schools, at home, at church, and throughout our communities.

Proven elements of a sound education

16

Author of "Who Killed Excellence"

Samuel L. Blumenfeld

17

Progressive theorists Cattell, Dewey, and Thorndike heavily influenced by...

Wilhelm Wundt at University of Leipzig in Germany

18

Wundt taught...

To teach social skills to ensure students will "fit" in society

19

Cattell, Dewey, & Thorndike rebuilt education on a foundation of

Science, evolution, humanism, and behaviorism

20

Literacy was deliberately de-emphasized in favor of

Acquiring social skills

21

What did Dewey say bred a "destructive" individualism?

A high literacy rate

22

1st educational period

Colonial times to 1840s

23

1st educational period saw dominance of

The Calvinist ethic

24

Highest literacy rate

1st educational period

25

Still high literacy rate

2nd educational period

26

2nd educational period

1840s to WW1

27

2nd educational period reflects

Hegelian mindset

28

Hegelian mindset

Statist idealist philosophy

29

3rd educational period

WW1 to present

30

"Progressive" educational period

3rd

31

The "Progressive" period is a result of

The new behavioral psychology

32

New behavioral psychology developed by

Wilhelm Wundt

33

Beat 1st path to Wundt's laboratory in Leipzig

G. Stanley Hall

34

Created America's 1st psychology LABORATORY

G. Stanley Hall

35

Created world's 1st psychology DEPARTMENT

Cattell

36

Cattell's most celebrated pupil

Thorndike

37

Thorndike reduced psychology to

Study of observable, measurable human behavior

38

Purpose of Dewey's famous Laboratory School

To see what kind of curriculum was needed to produce socialists instead of capitalists, collectivist instead of individialists

39

The lethal trio

Dewey, Cattell, Thorndike

40

In lethal trio...
Dewey--
Thorndike--
Cattell--

D: social philosophy
T: teaching theories and techniques
C: organizing energy

41

Identified high literacy as culprit in traditional education, the sustaining force behind individualism

Dewey

42

Invented in 1830s by Rev. Thomas H. Gallaudet

Look-say method

43

Look-say was kept alive in

The new state normal schools (teachers college)

44

Wrote The Psychology and Pedagogy of Reading

G. Stanley Hall's student, Edmund Burke Huey

45

In 1955 wrote, Why Can't Johnny Read

Rudolph Flesch

46

International Reading (Literacy) Association purpose

To maintain dominance of look-say in primary reading instruction

47

Flesch in 1981

Why Johnny Still Can't Read

48

Who killed excellence??

Behavioral Psychology