Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (143):
The apostolic church
A.D. 98 to 313
The persecuted church
The Imperial church
King of Rome when Jesus was born
Herod the great
All 27 books of the New Testament had been written by...
Who said "the blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church"
Who was the first persecutor
Who was the second persecutor
Who was the third persecutor
Who was the fourth persecutor
Who was the fifth persecutor
Who was the sixth persecutor
Who was the seventh persecutor
Who was the eight persecutor
Who was the ninth persecutor
Who was the 10th persecutor
Which emperor called himself Lord and God and exiled the Apostle John?
Which emperor martyred Ignatius and Polycarp (not specifically, but in this time period)
Which emperor martyred Justin Martyr and Blandina?
Which emperor was fierce in North Africa and Egypt and martyred Irenaeus, Perpetua, and Felicitas?
Who was the 6th persecuting emperor, and ordered the death of all church leaders?
Which emperor required sacrifice to pagan gods, and murdered Theodora and Origen?
Which emperor murdered the church father, Cyprian of Carthage
Which emperor was murdered by his own soldiers shortly after coming to throne?
Under which emperor was the greatest persecution?
Who was Diocletian's co-emperor?
What did Diocletian and Maximian call themselves?
Which emperor proclaimed toleration for Christians of the East?
Who legalized Christianity with the Edict of Milan in 313
Greek for witness
Earliest church writers
Clement of Rome, Ignatius, Polycarp, and Papias
What were apologists?
They attempted to reasonably defend Christianity.
Name 2 apologists
Aristides and Justin Martyr
Who was a pupil of Justin Martyr and compiled 1st harmony of Gospels - "Address to the Greeks"?
What did Irenaeus write against?
What is gnosticism
It combines elements of Greek philosophy, Oriental religion, and Christian theology
Who contended against heresy of Monarchianism, and was the 1st to use the term "Trinity"
Denied doctrine of trinity
Wrote the 1st book of systematic theology in the early church
Translated scriptures out of Hebrew and Greek into Latin vulgate
Whose name means "golden mouthed" in Greek? (He was eloquent)
Greatest of the church fathers, wrote "City of God"
The first systematic Christian philosophy of history
"City of God"
Confessions of faith
Adopted by council of Nicaea
Council of Nicaea in AD 325
Rejected teaching of Arianism
Denied deity of Christ
Who made the state religion of the Roman Empire the only legal religion
Empire permanently divided into eastern and western
1st great leader of Byzantine Empire
(Became empire in 527)
Justinian's gifted general
Most magnificent church building of early Middle Ages
Cathedral of Hagia Sophia
Portion of works where Christianity was the dominant religion
Existing Roman law combined with Biblical principles
Justinian 1's wife
Byzantines defeated Islam with...
Similar to flame throwers
Iconoclastic controversy began under whose rule?
Iconoclastic Controversy ("image destroyer")
Leo III wanted all images removed
1204; attacked Constantinople
Turks, under Mohammed II ended Byzantine Empire
May 29, 1453
May 29, 1453
Turks ended Byzantine empire under Mohammed II
The Byzantine church's greatest contribution to civilization
Church leader, declared around 175 that every church MUST agree with Church of Rome
Christ appointed apostles, apostles appointed bishops, bishops appointed more successors.....
Says peter is the head of the church
Roman Catholic Church
Roman church Supreme above all churches, bishop Supreme over all bishops
Bishop of Rome
(Latin, papa, meaning father)
Pope Leo I in 445
Supreme over Roman church
Issues famous doctors of the "two swords"
Pope Gelasius I
Doctrine of "two swords"...
Separation civil and Ecclesiastical authority and making pope and bishops supreme over all human rulers in matters relating to God
First medieval pope
Communion (Holy Eucharist)
Penance (removal of sin committed after baptism)
Cut off from church
Believes bread and wine of Lord's supper actually came flesh and blood of Christ
Certificates from pope that excised a person from penance
Place of fire where souls were purged of sin before heaven
Morning star of reformation
Bible in English to replace vulgate
John Wycliffe 1329-1384
Challenger to the early church in France
Was catholic priest, then read Bible and took gospel back to southern France
Peter of Bruis
Challenger to the early church in Ireland
The Light and the Darkness
Patrick of Ireland
Council of Toulouse
Forbade laymen to own Bible
Withdrawing from society to live in solitude
Types of monasticism
Abstinence from marriage
Perched alone for 37 years ago a stone 50 ft high
Two most prominent orders of friars
Franciscans and Dominicans
Two groups under Franks
Merovingians and Carolingians
First great Frankish leader
"Do nothing" kings
Most famous mayor of the palace
Muslims from North Africa
Battle of Tours
Martel defeated Moors at
Battle of Tours in 732
Charles martel's victories prevented Western Europe from
Being swallowed up in a Muslim empire
Charles Martel's son who commence the Carolingian line of Frankish kings
Pep in the short
Charles the great
Christmas Day 800
Charlemagne was crowned, Charles Augustus, Emperor of the Romans
Charlemagne sent out "the king's envoys" to check on local officials etc...
Became basis for modern handwriting styles
Divided empire into 3 parts in 843 after Charlemagne's son (Louis the Pious) died
Treaty of Verdun
Division of the empire
Lothair the Elder: middle
Charles the Bald: western
Louis the German: eastern
What set the stage for the modern nations of France and Germany?
Treaty of Verdun
Charlemagne summoned _____ from Britain to teach his children
Who attacked Europe from the east?
The last Carolingian ruler of the Franks died in
who began Saxon line of kings
Henry the Fowler 919
Called Emperor of the Romans 962
Gave birth to Holy Roman Empire
Otto the Great
Who invaded the Lombards
Otto the Great
Who began the Salian line?
What 2 lines were under the Holy Roman Empire?
Saxon and Salian
First of the Hohenstaufen line of emperors
Holy Roman Empire declined rapidly after death of
French philosopher ridiculed HRE as
"neither Holy, nor Roman, nor an Empire."
Who defeated the Magyars
Henry the Fowler
Took office as Pope Gregory VII
No baptism, masses, confessions heard etc... for an entire nation
The papacy attained the zenith of its power and influence under
Pope Innocent III
Who placed all of king John of England's realm under an interdict?
Death and resurrection of Christ, beginning of the New Testament church
Roman persecution of Christians begins under Nero
Edict of Milan legalizes Christianity
Roman empire permanently divides into Eastern and Western/ Byzantium named Constantinople and made capital of Byzantine Empire
Capture of Constantinople by ottoman turks/ end of Byzantine empire
Charles Martel defeats Muslims at battle of Tours
Treaty of Verdun divides Carolingian empire
Henry the Fowler begins Saxon line of Herman kings
Council of Toulouse forbids possession of Bible among laymen