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Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (143):
1

A.D. 30-96

The apostolic church

2

A.D. 98 to 313

The persecuted church

3

AD 313-476

The Imperial church

4

Proselytes
(Apostolic church)

Converts

5

King of Rome when Jesus was born

Herod the great

6

All 27 books of the New Testament had been written by...

AD 100

7

Who said "the blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church"

Tertullian

8

Who was the first persecutor

Nero

9

Who was the second persecutor

Domitian

10

Who was the third persecutor

Trajan

11

Who was the fourth persecutor

Marcus Aurelius

12

Who was the fifth persecutor

Septimus Severus

13

Who was the sixth persecutor

Maximinus Thrax

14

Who was the seventh persecutor

Decius

15

Who was the eight persecutor

Valerian

16

Who was the ninth persecutor

Aurelian

17

Who was the 10th persecutor

Diocletian

18

Nero

1st

19

Domitian

2nd

20

Trajan

3rd

21

Marcus Aurelius

4th

22

Septimius Severus

5th

23

Maximinus Thrax

6th

24

Decius

7th

25

Valerian

8th

26

Aurelian

9th

27

Diocletian

10th

28

Which emperor called himself Lord and God and exiled the Apostle John?

Domitian

29

Which emperor martyred Ignatius and Polycarp (not specifically, but in this time period)

Trajan

30

Which emperor martyred Justin Martyr and Blandina?

Marcus Aurelius

31

Which emperor was fierce in North Africa and Egypt and martyred Irenaeus, Perpetua, and Felicitas?

Septimius Severus

32

Who was the 6th persecuting emperor, and ordered the death of all church leaders?

Maximinus Thrax

33

Which emperor required sacrifice to pagan gods, and murdered Theodora and Origen?

Decius

34

Which emperor murdered the church father, Cyprian of Carthage

Valerian

35

Which emperor was murdered by his own soldiers shortly after coming to throne?

Aurelian

36

Under which emperor was the greatest persecution?

Diocletian

37

Who was Diocletian's co-emperor?

Maximian

38

What did Diocletian and Maximian call themselves?

"Our Lord"

39

Which emperor proclaimed toleration for Christians of the East?

Galerius

40

Who legalized Christianity with the Edict of Milan in 313

Constantine 1

41

Greek for witness

Martyr

42

Earliest church writers

Clement of Rome, Ignatius, Polycarp, and Papias

43

What were apologists?

They attempted to reasonably defend Christianity.

44

Name 2 apologists

Aristides and Justin Martyr

45

Who was a pupil of Justin Martyr and compiled 1st harmony of Gospels - "Address to the Greeks"?

Tatian

46

What did Irenaeus write against?

Gnosticism

47

What is gnosticism

It combines elements of Greek philosophy, Oriental religion, and Christian theology

48

Who contended against heresy of Monarchianism, and was the 1st to use the term "Trinity"

Tertullian

49

Monarchianism

Denied doctrine of trinity

50

Wrote the 1st book of systematic theology in the early church

Origen

51

Translated scriptures out of Hebrew and Greek into Latin vulgate

Jerome

52

Whose name means "golden mouthed" in Greek? (He was eloquent)

Chrysostom

53

Greatest of the church fathers, wrote "City of God"

Augustine

54

The first systematic Christian philosophy of history

"City of God"

55

Creeds

Confessions of faith

56

Adopted by council of Nicaea

Nicene creed

57

Council of Nicaea in AD 325

Rejected teaching of Arianism

58

Arianism

Denied deity of Christ

59

Who made the state religion of the Roman Empire the only legal religion

Theodosius 1

60

Byzantium

"New Rome"
Constantinople

61

Empire permanently divided into eastern and western

395

62

1st great leader of Byzantine Empire
(Became empire in 527)

Justinian 1

63

Justinian's gifted general

Belisarius

64

Most magnificent church building of early Middle Ages

Cathedral of Hagia Sophia
("Holy Wisdom")

65

Christendom

Portion of works where Christianity was the dominant religion

66

Existing Roman law combined with Biblical principles

Justinian code

67

Justinian 1's wife

Empress Theodora

68

Byzantines defeated Islam with...

"Greek fire"
Similar to flame throwers

69

Iconoclastic controversy began under whose rule?

Leo III

70

Iconoclastic Controversy ("image destroyer")

Leo III wanted all images removed

71

Fourth crusade

1204; attacked Constantinople

72

Turks, under Mohammed II ended Byzantine Empire

May 29, 1453

73

May 29, 1453

Turks ended Byzantine empire under Mohammed II

74

The Byzantine church's greatest contribution to civilization

Byzantine text

75

Church leader, declared around 175 that every church MUST agree with Church of Rome

Irenaeus

76

Apostolic succession

Christ appointed apostles, apostles appointed bishops, bishops appointed more successors.....

77

Says peter is the head of the church

Petrine Theory

78

Roman Catholic Church

Roman church Supreme above all churches, bishop Supreme over all bishops

79

Pope

Bishop of Rome
(Latin, papa, meaning father)

80

Pope Leo I in 445

Supreme over Roman church

81

Issues famous doctors of the "two swords"

Pope Gelasius I

82

Doctrine of "two swords"...

Separation civil and Ecclesiastical authority and making pope and bishops supreme over all human rulers in matters relating to God

83

First medieval pope

Gregory I

84

The sacraments:

Baptism
Communion (Holy Eucharist)
Confirmation
Penance (removal of sin committed after baptism)
Matrimony
Holy Orders
Extreme Unction

85

Excommunication

Cut off from church

86

Transubstantiation

Believes bread and wine of Lord's supper actually came flesh and blood of Christ

87

Indulgences

Certificates from pope that excised a person from penance

88

Purgatory

Place of fire where souls were purged of sin before heaven

89

Morning star of reformation
Oxford
Bible in English to replace vulgate

John Wycliffe 1329-1384

90

Waldensians
Challenger to the early church in France

Peter Waldo

91

Was catholic priest, then read Bible and took gospel back to southern France

Petrobrusians

Peter of Bruis

92

Challenger to the early church in Ireland
The Light and the Darkness

Patrick of Ireland

93

Council of Toulouse

1229
Forbade laymen to own Bible

94

Monasticism

Withdrawing from society to live in solitude

95

Types of monasticism

Hermits
Monasteries
Convents
Friars (brothers)

96

Celibacy

Abstinence from marriage

97

Perched alone for 37 years ago a stone 50 ft high

Simeon Stylites

98

Two most prominent orders of friars

Franciscans and Dominicans

99

Two groups under Franks

Merovingians and Carolingians

100

First great Frankish leader

Clovis

101

"Do nothing" kings

Merovingians

102

Most famous mayor of the palace

Charles Martel

103

Muslims from North Africa

Moors

104

732

Battle of Tours

105

Martel defeated Moors at

Battle of Tours in 732

106

Martel means

The hammer

107

Charles martel's victories prevented Western Europe from

Being swallowed up in a Muslim empire

108

Charles Martel's son who commence the Carolingian line of Frankish kings

Pep in the short

109

Charles the great

Charlemagne

110

Christmas Day 800

Charlemagne was crowned, Charles Augustus, Emperor of the Romans

111

Charlemagne sent out "the king's envoys" to check on local officials etc...

Missi dominici

112

Became basis for modern handwriting styles

Carolingian minuscule

113

Divided empire into 3 parts in 843 after Charlemagne's son (Louis the Pious) died

Treaty of Verdun

114

Division of the empire

Lothair the Elder: middle
Charles the Bald: western
Louis the German: eastern

115

What set the stage for the modern nations of France and Germany?

Treaty of Verdun

116

Charlemagne summoned _____ from Britain to teach his children

Alcuin

117

Who attacked Europe from the east?
South?
North?

E- Magyars
S- Moors
N- Vikings

118

The last Carolingian ruler of the Franks died in

911

119

HRE

who began Saxon line of kings

Henry the Fowler 919

120

HRE

Called Emperor of the Romans 962
Gave birth to Holy Roman Empire

Otto the Great

121

HRE

Who invaded the Lombards

Otto the Great

122

HRE

Who began the Salian line?

Henry IV

123

What 2 lines were under the Holy Roman Empire?

Saxon and Salian

124

First of the Hohenstaufen line of emperors

Frederick Barabarossa

125

Holy Roman Empire declined rapidly after death of

Frederick II

126

French philosopher ridiculed HRE as

"neither Holy, nor Roman, nor an Empire."

127

Who defeated the Magyars

Henry the Fowler
(Saxon line)

128

Salian line

Henry IV

129

Hildebrand (monk)

Took office as Pope Gregory VII

130

Cardinals

Chose pope

131

No baptism, masses, confessions heard etc... for an entire nation

Interdict

132

The papacy attained the zenith of its power and influence under

Pope Innocent III

133

Who placed all of king John of England's realm under an interdict?

Innocent III

134

Death and resurrection of Christ, beginning of the New Testament church

AD 30

135

Roman persecution of Christians begins under Nero

AD 64

136

Edict of Milan legalizes Christianity

AD 313

137

Roman empire permanently divides into Eastern and Western/ Byzantium named Constantinople and made capital of Byzantine Empire

AD 395

138

AD 1453

Capture of Constantinople by ottoman turks/ end of Byzantine empire

139

Charles Martel defeats Muslims at battle of Tours

AD 732

140

AD 843

Treaty of Verdun divides Carolingian empire

141

AD 919

Henry the Fowler begins Saxon line of Herman kings

142

AD 1229

Council of Toulouse forbids possession of Bible among laymen

143

AD 1305-1378

"Babylonian Captivity" of the papacy