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1

What is the shell?

interface that accepts and translates user input so that the kernel can process it.

2

What are Daemons?

Programs that run in the background independently of the user
Called services in Windows

3

What are applications?

Programs that require an OS to run
Give users a specific function, such as word-processing programs, media players, etc

4

What is the Kernel?

Core of the OS.
Manages hardware, such as disk drives and memory.
Allows public access to the source code.

5

What is the Resource Manager?

Manages processes and memory.
Can perform multiple processes at the same time.

6

What is a "Process"?

program the kernel launches into memory for the purpose of performing specific tasks.

7

What is RAM? (Random Access Memory)

Storage space where a computer reads and writes data.
Considered “volatile” storage – data is stored there but is erased when the computer shuts down.

8

What linux desktop environments are available in openSUSE?

K Desktop Environment (KDE)
GNU Network Object Model Environment (GNOME)

9

What is the top level of the linux file system?

Root
Indicated by / symbol.

10

What are device files?

Special file stored in the /dev directory.
Represents a hardware device on the system.

11

What are directory files?

Like a folder in Windows.
Can contain files and other directories.

12

Features of Linux
What does the multiuser feature allow?

enables multiple users to log on to a single computer at the same time

13

Features of Linux
What does multitasking mean?

multiple processes can run simultaneously

14

Features of Linux
What is Preemptive multitasking?

schedule decides when a process stops and another process starts.

15

Features of Linux
What is Network Connectivity?

uses Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) – internationally accept set of rules for connecting computers to the Internet and most other networks.

16

Features of Linux
What security features does Linux offer?

Login and password authentication.
File ownership and permissions.
Firewall for protecting network resources from users outside the network.

17

What shells are available in Linux?

Bourne, C, Korn, BASH

18

Which shell is the original UNIX shell and has no history function?

Bourne Shell

19

Which shell has an interface that is similar to C
Has a history function, but its incompatible with Bourne

C Shell

20

This shell was developed to combine the best of the C and Bourne shell.
It has a history function and allows users to edit the history file while viewing it

Korn

21

This shell is the default shell in most Linux distributions. Has a history function that can be used to remember commands entered in previous sessions, as well as the current session.

BASH

22

What directory are the shells stored in?

/bin directory

23

all files and subdirectories are placed under the this directory in a treelike structure.

root

24

specifies requirements and guidelines for file and directory placement in UNIX-like operating systems

Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS)

25

This directory contains static configuration files, which are also unshareable files, meaning they’re local to the machine

/etc

26

This directory contains the linux kernel and static files needed to boot the computer

/boot

27

This directory contains device files, such as the CD/DVD-ROM drive

/dev

28

This directory is an optional directory that might not be included in all Linux distributions; in openSUSE, it’s the user’s home directory

/home

29

This directory contains shared libraries that are loaded when a program starts

/lib

30

This directory contains shareable, read-only applications and files

/usr