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Flashcards in Final Deck (46):
1

The earliest form of computing

ancient tallies for computing quantity

2

Unbuilt machine intended to conduct arithmatic operations at radio speed

Charles Babage's Analytical Engine

3

2 components of the analytical engine

1. Mill (processing unit)
2. Store (memory)

4

Who wrote notes to account Babage's inventions?

Ada Lovelace

5

Lovelace proposed what?

Idea that numbers be used to represent info other than quantity

6

What machine wove decorative patterns according to interchangable punch cards?

The Jaquard Loom

7

What machine was fundamental to replacing former manual labour?

The Jaquard Loom

8

Herman Hollerith created the

Punch Card Tabulation

9

What was the punch card tabulation system used for?

U/S Census in 1890

10

How was data processing rationalized?

Because society was becoming more complex and industrial and needed new categories for organizing and analyzing info

11

Max Weber explained the rationalized society as being

the development of the new impersonal, "objective criteria" for categorizing people

12

Computers were used in world war 2 for

code breaking

13

ENIA stood for

Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer

14

Purpose of ENIAC

To perform calculations for artillery firms and hydrogen bomb

15

Purpose of networks in 1970

research, education and commercial use

16

How were computers marketed to men vs. women

men: stock prices
women: administrative

17

Bolter and Grusin explained the web

remediating any visual and verbal medium

18

Who developed the wireless telegraph?

Marconi

19

What did the wireless telegraph do?

transmitted message from england o newfoundland in morse code

20

The first transmission of voice was by

Robert Landell

21

Who used wireless to transmit a holiday message

Reginald Fessenden

22

The initial response to radio was

largely negative because it wasn't private

23

Commercialization of radio was in

1920s

24

Advertising in radio was seen as

an invasive form of commerce

25

2 consequences of merging radio into larger networks

1. Able to acquire unique frequencies that were clearer
2. Larger audience would tune in

26

The Radio Act

A U.S Act that aimed to make radio tend to public interest

27

2 forms of early recorded voice

Thomas Edison's
1. Phonograph
2. Gramophone

28

Who was John Logie

The first to build TV aparatus that transmit imagery of live human face

29

The Massey Report revealed

Canadian culture to be endangered because of U/S

30

Suburbanization was possible because of

the invention of the car

31

3 types of media events

1. Coronations
2. Contests
3. Conquests

32

4 limitations to early photography

1. Camera Size
2. Camera Set Up
3. Exposure Times
4. Developing

33

Roger Fenton incident was an example of

Staging

34

What is staging?

Setting up a photograph to look more dramatic

35

Matthew Brady photographed

The dead

36

Halftone process

printing innovation that broke don images to tiny lines of dots

37

The Halftone Process allowed

reproduction of photographs

38

What was the revolutionary difference with the gelatin dry plate?

on the spot chemical prep

39

Roll film allowed

multiple photos without changing plates

40

Who gave a personal dimension to newspaper photography?

Jimmy Hare

41

The discussion of the camera as an extension of the human eye was with the invention of

the compact camera

42

images as a narrative is called

a photo essay

43

Photo agencies cut out

need for employing photographers specific to a mag

44

Journalistic conventions are largely

transitory

45

The partisian press would adhere to political biases of

publishers

46

When Britain imposed an act in 1765 that put high tax on printed materials, what was it called?

The Stamp Act