Flashcards in Final Deck (46):
The earliest form of computing
ancient tallies for computing quantity
Unbuilt machine intended to conduct arithmatic operations at radio speed
Charles Babage's Analytical Engine
2 components of the analytical engine
1. Mill (processing unit)
2. Store (memory)
Who wrote notes to account Babage's inventions?
Lovelace proposed what?
Idea that numbers be used to represent info other than quantity
What machine wove decorative patterns according to interchangable punch cards?
The Jaquard Loom
What machine was fundamental to replacing former manual labour?
The Jaquard Loom
Herman Hollerith created the
Punch Card Tabulation
What was the punch card tabulation system used for?
U/S Census in 1890
How was data processing rationalized?
Because society was becoming more complex and industrial and needed new categories for organizing and analyzing info
Max Weber explained the rationalized society as being
the development of the new impersonal, "objective criteria" for categorizing people
Computers were used in world war 2 for
ENIA stood for
Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer
Purpose of ENIAC
To perform calculations for artillery firms and hydrogen bomb
Purpose of networks in 1970
research, education and commercial use
How were computers marketed to men vs. women
men: stock prices
Bolter and Grusin explained the web
remediating any visual and verbal medium
Who developed the wireless telegraph?
What did the wireless telegraph do?
transmitted message from england o newfoundland in morse code
The first transmission of voice was by
Who used wireless to transmit a holiday message
The initial response to radio was
largely negative because it wasn't private
Commercialization of radio was in
Advertising in radio was seen as
an invasive form of commerce
2 consequences of merging radio into larger networks
1. Able to acquire unique frequencies that were clearer
2. Larger audience would tune in
The Radio Act
A U.S Act that aimed to make radio tend to public interest
2 forms of early recorded voice
Who was John Logie
The first to build TV aparatus that transmit imagery of live human face
The Massey Report revealed
Canadian culture to be endangered because of U/S
Suburbanization was possible because of
the invention of the car
3 types of media events
4 limitations to early photography
1. Camera Size
2. Camera Set Up
3. Exposure Times
Roger Fenton incident was an example of
What is staging?
Setting up a photograph to look more dramatic
Matthew Brady photographed
printing innovation that broke don images to tiny lines of dots
The Halftone Process allowed
reproduction of photographs
What was the revolutionary difference with the gelatin dry plate?
on the spot chemical prep
Roll film allowed
multiple photos without changing plates
Who gave a personal dimension to newspaper photography?
The discussion of the camera as an extension of the human eye was with the invention of
the compact camera
images as a narrative is called
a photo essay
Photo agencies cut out
need for employing photographers specific to a mag
Journalistic conventions are largely
The partisian press would adhere to political biases of