Flashcards in Fire Support Planning Deck (41):
What is the purpose of FSP?
1. To achieve effectiveness & efficiency from fire support assets in meeting fire support requirements of the force; &
2. To determine the proper allocation of fire support.
What FSP methods does the Marine Corps use in its planning process?
2. Bottom up
What does top-down mean?
Refers to a higher headquarters formally conducting target acquisition, prioritizing targets & allocating the appropriate supporting arms to engage threats.
What does bottom-up mean?
Often used after the battle has been joined when time is critical.
What does FiST stand for?
Fire Support Team.
Who routinely serves as the FiST leader?
Weapons Platoon Commander
What does the artillery Forward Observer (FO) assist with?
1. Calls for & adjusts artillery fire.
2. Aids with fire support planning.
3. Advises the company commander on matters pertaining to integrating all fire support assets.
What is the Forward Air Controller (FAC) responsible for?
Terminal control of Close Air Support (CAS) & advises the company commander on matters pertaining to air support.
What is the 81mm FO responsible for?
Advises the company commander on matters pertaining to 81mm & is responsible for calling & adjusting mortar fire.
What is the Naval Gunfire (NGF) Spot Team responsible for?
Advises the company commander on matters pertaining to naval surface fire support (NSFS) & is responsible for NSFS missions.
What does FSCC stand for?
Fir Support Coordination Center
What is the organization of the battalion FSCC consist of?
1. Fire Support Coordinator (FSC)
2. Liaison section
3. Tactical Air Control Party (TACP)
4. Shore Fire Control Party (SFCP)
5. Mortar Section
What is targeting?
Process of selecting targets & matching the appropriate response to them taking into account operational requirements & capabilities.
What is a target?
A geographical area, complex, or installation planned for capture or destruction by military forces.
What is the target order of precedence?
1. Known enemy positions
2. Suspected enemy positions
3. Likely enemy positions.
What is a list of targets?
List containing all targets the subordinate commander feels are necessary to be engaged with indirect fires in order to support his scheme of maneuver.
What is a target list?
A formal document created at the highest level of command, consolidating all targets submitted with all redundancies removed, & disseminated to all subordinate command on a Target List Worksheet.
What does a target number consist of?
2 letters & 4 numbers
What are the 2 types of targets?
What is a point target?
Used for targets that are less than or equal to 200m in length & width; drawn & labeled in black; & identified by a 6-digit alpha-numberic number in the upper right quadrant.
What is a linear target?
Used for targets greater than 200m, but less than 600m, in length; labeled above the target symbol; & drawn & labeled in black.
An attitude will always be between what mils?
0 - 3200 mils
How many mils equals 1 degree?
What are planned targets?
Prearranged targets which fires can be delivered quickly.
What are the 4 categories of planned targets?
1. On-call targets
2. Scheduled targets
3. Priority targets are primarily used in the offense when rapid response is needed.
4. Final Protective Fire (FPF) offers an immediately available prearranged barrier of fire designed to impede enemy movement across defensive lines or areas.
What two broad categories do Fire Support Coordination Measures (FSCM) fall into?
What is a permissive FSCM?
No further coordination is required for the engagement of targets affected by the measure.
What is a restrictive FSCM?
Imposes certain requirements for specific coordination prior to the engagement of those targets affected by the measure.
What is a Restrictive Fire Line (RFL)?
A line established between converging friendly forces that prohibits fires, or effects of fires, across the line without coordination with the affected force.
What is Restrictive Fire Area (RFA)?
An area in which specific firing or coordination restrictions are imposed & into which fires in excess that exceeds those restrictions will not be delivered without coordination with the establishing headquarters.
What is a No Fire Area (NFA)?
An area into which no fires or effects of fire are allowed.
What are the 4 phases of Essential Fire Support Tasks (EFST's) in the offense?
What are the 4 phases of Essential Fire Support Tasks (EFST's) in the defense?
1. Long range fires
2. Close defensive fires
3. Final Protective fires (FPF)
What is the length of FPF's for an artillery battery, 81mm platoon, & a 60mm section?
Artillery batter is 300m
81mm platoon is 280m
60mm section is 90m
What are the danger close distances for mortars & artillery?
What is the definition of a fire support plan?
A tactical plan containing information necessary for the employment of fire support in the operation.
Give examples of Essential Fire Support Tasks (EFST's)?
Disrupt, delay, limit, divert, destroy
Give examples of Fire Support Effects?
Suppress, neutralize (10%), destroy (30%), screen (friendly)/obscure (enemy)
What part of the SMEAC is the FSP briefed?
What does TPME stand for?