Flashcards in Forest and Range Practices Deck (13):
In what ways does FRPA promote soil conservation?
1. Permanent access is implied within legislation to be kept to the minimum required to manage and access forest and range resources.
2. implies that sensitive soils be identified and stratified into separate SU's if necessary to limit disturbance
3. implies that temporary access structures be rehabilitated adequately to restore soil productivity and hydrological function.
As per FRPA, what is the maximum soil disturbance limit for permanent access?
Access above 7% is considered temporary and must be rehabilitated unless there is sound scientific and technical rationale for going over.
What are some practice requirements beyond default standards that can not be varied in a FSP?
sec 37. not causing landslides
sec 38. not causing gully processes
sec 39. maintaining natural surficial drainage pattern
sec 40. ensure adequate revegetation of soil exposed during road construction or deactivation.
sec 54. (coast only) not destabilizing alluvial / colluvial fans
Under FRPA, what are the 3 principle designations used to manage for visual quality?
Visual Landscape Inventory - identifies and classifies areas and corridors that are visually sensitive. Designated scenic areas and established VQO's are recorded here
Scenic Areas - visually important based on characteristics and public use. May be established by minister responsible for land act under the GAR
Visual Quality Objectives - reflects societies desired level of visual quality on the landscape.
FSP's must specify intended results and strategies in relation to objectives for visual quality. Under what circumstance can VQO's be ignored?
For new VQOs established less than 4 months before the time of submission
Under FRPA, the minister of environment can take action concerning fish by designating...
Fisheries sensitive watersheds - watersheds requiring special management to protect fish
Temperature sensitive streams - where trees are required to regulate temperature to protect fish
The default practice requirement for conserving biodiversity is to harvest in a way that both spatially and temporally emulates patterns of natural disturbance. Is there any other option?
Licensees have the option to develop their own result or strategy that is consistent with the default requirement.
Unless exempted from identifying landscape level biodiversity results/strategies (other than the holder of a minor tenure), what are 2 different maximum cutblock size allowances and where do they occur?
40 hectares for areas located in the Kootenay Boundary Forest Region, South Coast Forest Region, Thompson Okanagan Forest Region or West Coast Forest Region
60 hectares for areas located in the Cariboo Forest Region, Northeast Forest Region, Omineca Forest Region or Skeena Forest Region
Unless exempted, an agreement holder must not harvest timber next to another cutblock unless...
all existing adjacent blocks meet stocking requirements, or...
combined area of new cutblock and non conforming portions immediately adjacent to the new block does not exceed the appropriate cutblock size limit (60/40 rule)
does not apply if the timber harvesting that is being carried out on the cutblock retains 40% or more of basal area of the stand that was on the cutblock before timber harvesting.
3 features of stand level biodiversity encompassed by FRPA are...
Wildlife tree retention
Wildlife habitat features - nesting sites / dens
The default standard to meet government stand level biodiversity objectives for a single cutblock is...
If more than one cutblock has been harvested within a year, the agreement holder must ensure that...
1. minimum 3.5% in block retention
2. minimum 7% retention of the total area of all the cutblocks
An agreement holder who carries out timber harvesting must retain at least the following logs on a cutblock:
(a) if the area is on the Coast, a minimum of 4 logs per hectare, each being a minimum of 5 m in length and 30 cm in diameter at one end;
(b) if the area is in the Interior, a minimum of 4 logs per hectare, each being a minimum of 2 m in length and 7.5 cm in diameter at one end.