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Flashcards in FORMATION LESSON REVIEW Deck (133):
1

1. What is the purpose of military formation flying? (B/1/1)

- To provide the mutual support required to accomplish a given mission
- Effectiveness of a formation mission is highly dependent on solid flight discipline

2

2. What are number 1 and number 2 responsibilities for formation radio procedures? (C/1/1)

Number 1:
a. Communicate for flight
b. Keep flight on frequency
c. Squawk for flight
d. Maintain radio discipline

Number 2:
a. Monitors communications
b. Responds to number 1
c. Maintains radio discipline

3

3. What is radio discipline? (C/1/2)

Radio discipline is using the radio only when necessary. Radio priorities: safety of flight, mission accomplishment, flight management, in-flight checks, other.

4

4. What is the most important consideration when giving visual signals in formation? (D/1/1)

The signal must be seen.

5

6. You are in fingertip on the left side and number 1 dips his wing to the right. What do you do as number 2? (D/1/3)

Crossunder to number 1’s right wing

6

7. What is the signal for radio transmitter failure? (D/1/4)

Take the hand closest to the other aircraft, tap oxygen mask, then move hand up and down with palm towards the face.

7

8. How does number 1 signal for a fuel check? (D/1/5)

Make a drinking motion with a closed fist, thumb extended and touching the oxygen mask

8

9. How do you give the speed brake signal? (D/1/6)

Make a biting motion with the fingers and thumb of the hand

9

10. How does number 1 visually signal the completion of a Climb Check? (E/1/1)

With the “OBOGS OK” signal

10

11. Formation in-flight checks are normally performed in what position during VMC? (E/1/2)

Routeposition

11

12. What are the unique challenges to clearing in formation flight? (F/1/1)

a. Attention is divided or focused on other flight members b. Close formations are less maneuverable

12

13. Which crew is responsible for keeping the formation within assigned airspace and accomplishing the mission profile? (F/2/1)

The formation leader

13

14. What are some ways that number 2 can help number 1 maintain area orientation and run the mission profile? (F/2/2)

a. Be aggressive
1) Be in position
2) Accomplish maneuvers safely and on time

b. Be ready to assume number 1
1) Stay aware of position
2) Stay aware of profile progress

14

15. The number 1 aircraft is maneuvering the formation through a steep banked, high-G turning maneuver when you observe another aircraft in your area that appears to be a hazard to the formation. What should you do? (G/1/1)

Immediately call “KNOCK-IT-OFF”

15

16. Your number 2 called “TERMINATE” in order to regain proper position. When can you normally resume maneuvering the flight? (G/2/1)

When number 2 reports “CALLSIGN, TWO'S IN”

16

17. When are the three times a formation aircraft with a malfunction should be offered number 1? (H/1/1)

Should be offered number 1:

-When the emergency occurs
-On recovery when VFR
-On final with field in sight

17

18. True or false? If a formation has a midair collision, the aircraft should remain together as a formation for mutual support. (H/1/2)

False. After a midair collision:

-Do not attempt to maintain formation
-Number 1 should coordinate for separate clearances and chase ships
-Both aircraft should accomplish controllability check

18

1. What is the reason for military formation flying?

To provide the mutual support required to accomplish a given mission

19

2. What does military formation flying build in the individual flight members?

Formation flying builds
a. confidence
b. self-reliance
c. self-discipline
d. aggressiveness

20

3. Number 2 normally accomplishes radio frequency changes in what position when VMC?

Route position

21

4. What two ways can number 1 signal for a radio frequency change?

Visually or over the radio

22

5. What do the letters in HEFOE mean?

a. H – Hydraulic
b. E – Electrical
c. F–Fuel
d. O – Oxygen
e. E – Engine
The Es are in alphabetical order.

23

6. Is number 1 required to give a gear down signal during a formation landing?

Yes. Number 1 must give the gear down signal. (The gear up signal is optional for formation wing takeoffs).

24

7. How do you perform a pitchout signal?

Hold hand closest to other aircraft up, index finger extended upward, and make rapid circular motions with the hand.

25

8. What is the hand signal for the number nine?

Hand held sideways with four fingers (not thumb) extended

26

9. How does number 1 signal to tighten or rejoin the formation?

By rocking the wings (slowly)

27

10. How does number 1 loosen the formation to the route position?

With a hand signal making a pushing motion towards number 2

28

11. What two factors impact the ability of crewmembers to clear in formation?

a. Divided or focused attention on the other aircraft in the formation
b. The lack of maneuverability in close formation

29

12. Which crew normally answers radio calls made to the flight for traffic?

The crew in the number 1 aircraft

30

13. How can being aggressive as number 2 help number 1 perform good area orientation and in-flight planning?

By not keeping number 1 waiting to begin the next maneuver

31

14. How do you signal “KNOCK-IT- OFF” if radio out?

A continuous wing rock

32

3. On takeoff roll, number 1 should set power to ______ torque. (B/2/2)
a. 65% - 75%
b. 80% - 88%
c. 85% - 95%
d. MAX

c. 85% - 95%

33

4. During a wing takeoff, if number 1 aborts after brake release, number 2 should ______. (B/2/3)
a. also abort
b. use brakes as needed to stay behind the number 1 aircraft
c. normally continue the takeoff
d. pass number 1 then execute an abort

c. normally continue the takeoff

34

5. As number 1 of an interval takeoff, when the gear and flaps are retracted, maintain ______ KIAS until number 2 is in position. (B/3/1)
a. 100
b. 125
c. 160
d. 200

c. 160

35

6. As number 2 on an interval takeoff, delay brake release for ______ seconds after number 1 begins takeoff roll. (B/3/2)
a. 5
b. 6
c. 10
d. 20

b. 6

36

7. Maintain approximately ______ wingtip spacing in fingertip. (C/1/1)
a. 1 foot
b. 3 feet
c. 8 feet
d. 10 feet

d. 10 feet

37

8. Number 1 should initiate turns at a slow rate in order to “telegraph” to number 2 that a turn is starting. (C/1/2)
a. True
b. False

a. True

38

9. Speed brakes are sometimes used in formation to control ______ and rate of descent. (C/1/3)
a. airspeed
b. fingertip position
c. rate of turn
d. None of the above

a. airspeed

39

10. During a crossunder, it is permissible to pass slightly under the number 1 aircraft. (C/2/1)
a. True
b. False

b. False

40

11. A good reference to ensure proper nose-tail clearance is to have the canopy bow superimposed on the ______. (C/2/2)
a. trailing edge of number 1’s wing
b. trailing edge of number 1’s elevator
c. top of number 1’s rudder
d. bottom of number 1’s exhaust stacks

b. trailing edge of number 1’s elevator

41

12. The maximum bank angle for an echelon turn is approximately ______. (C/3/1)
a. 30°
b. 45°
c. 60°
d. 90°

c. 60°

42

13. As number 2 in an echelon turn, use ______ to correct fore and aft position. (C/3/2)
a. aileron
b. elevator
c. rudder
d. power

d. power

43

14. Route formation can be used to ______. (C/4/1)
a. allow number 2 to check systems
b. give time for number 2 to relax
c. perform in-flight checks
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

-allow number 2 to check systems
-give time for number 2 to relax
-perform in-flight checks

44

15. During a turn away from number 2 in route formation, number 2 should maintain the same vertical references as ______. (C/4/2)
a. fingertip
b. crossunder
c. echelon
d. wing takeoff

c. echelon

45

16. During normal operations, number 1 can direct a position change ______. (C/5/1)
a. with the formation in wings level route formation
b. with the formation in no more than 30° of bank
c. from echelon
d. during a crossunder

a. with the formation in wings level route formation

46

17. Which of the following requires number 2 to breakout of formation? (C/6/1)
a. Unable to rejoin or remain in formation without crossing under or in front of number 1
b. Number 1 or number 2 experiences heading system failure
c. Visual contact with number 1 is lost causing a loss of situational awareness
d. A and C

d. A and C

-Unable to rejoin or remain in formation without crossing under or in front of number 1

-Visual contact with number 1 is lost causing a loss of situational awareness

47

18. As number 1, if number 2 calls breakout and you do not have them in sight, you should ______. (C/6/2)
a. roll wings-level and reduce airspeed to 150 KIAS
b. continue the current maneuver with the current power setting
c. turn towards number 2’s last known position
d. initiate an immediate maximum rate descent

b. continue the current maneuver with the current power setting

48

1. As number 2 during taxi, accomplish checklist items ______.
a. only while at a complete stop
b. only one item at a time with quick glances inside
c. only with six ship lengths of spacing from number 1
d. prior to departing the parking ramp

b. only one item at a time with quick glances inside

49

2. As number 2 on a wing formation takeoff, maintain ______ position until gear and flaps are retracted.
a. fingertip
b. route
c. stack level
d. a flight path behind and above number 1’s

c. stack level

50

3. For an interval takeoff, number 1 makes a normal takeoff and then accelerates to ______ KIAS.
a. 140
b. 150
c. 160
d. 180

c. 160

51

4. One of the primary front cockpit references for the 30° lateral fingertip line is to superimpose ______.
a. number 1’s aft wingtip light on the center front edge of the engine exhaust stack opening
b. number 1’s rear cockpit pilot’s head over the wing leading edge
c. your canopy bow over number 1’s elevator
d. number 1’s pitot tube over their spinner

a. number 1’s aft wingtip light on the center front edge of the engine exhaust stack opening

52

5. If you were out of position in all three axes of fingertip, the ______ correction you want to make is to close to the proper wingtip distance (10 feet).
a. first
b. second
c. last
d. None of the above, make all corrections simultaneously

c. last

Pitch
Fore - Aft
Lateral

53

6. As number 2, accomplish the crossunder from one side to the other side of number 1 by ______.
a. establishing and maintaining a slight bank (2°-3°) until reaching the desired position
b. dipping your wing momentarily in the direction of the new position and then rolling wings level
c. pumping the stick several times in the direction you desire to move
d. using rudder to establish a slight heading differential

b. dipping your wing momentarily in the direction of the new position and then rolling wings level

54

7. As number 2, to maintain a level echelon turn, position yourself so the ______ bisects number 1’s fuselage. Additionally, you should see ______ over the aft edge of the wing.
a. horizon, aft canopy bow
b. top of your canopy, prop arc
c. horizon, most of number 1’s center canopy rail
d. horizon, prop arc

c. horizon, most of number 1’s center canopy rail

55

8. In a. as desired route formation, number 2 can cross to the opposite side of number 1 ______.
a. as desired
b. only during turns
c. only in an emergency
d. only when directed by number 1

d. only when directed by number 1

56

9. As number 2 during a position change, you become the new number 1 when ______.
a. the current number 1 gives the position change signal
b. you acknowledge the position change with a head nod or radio call
c. the old number 1 assumes the fingertip position off your wing
d. you acknowledge the position change by tapping your forehead and pointing at number 1

b. you acknowledge the position change with a head nod or radio call

57

10. If you break out of formation as number 2 and number 1 is not in sight, ______.
a. maintain your current maneuver and power setting
b. turn immediately towards number 1’s last known position to reestablish visual contact
c. break away from number 1’s last known position or flight path
d. immediately pull power to idle and lower the speed brake to establish separation

c. break away from number 1’s last known position or flight path

58

1. To maneuver in relation to another aircraft, you will control the placement and magnitude of the ______ and ______ vectors. (B/1/1)
a. lift; drag
b. thrust; drag
c. velocity; thrust
d. lift; velocity

d. lift; velocity

59

6. ______ pursuit increases aspect angle and closure, while ______ pursuit decreases aspect angle and closure. (B/1/6)
a. Lead; pure
b. Pure; lag
c. Lead; lag
d. Pure; lead

c. Lead; lag

60

7. The pitchout is a precision maneuver that requires a constant airspeed and altitude be maintained throughout the maneuver. (C/1/1)
a. True
b. False

b. False

61

8. The pitchout is the only method used to generate spacing prior to practicing a rejoin. (C/1/2)
a. True
b. False

b. False

62

9. Which of the following statements is true concerning number 2 responsibilities during a pitchout? (C/1/3)
a. Number 2 should keep track of number 1, clear, match number 1’s turn, and roll out behind and slightly below number 1.
b. Number 2 should keep eyes on number 1 and roll out with number 1 on the horizon.
c. Number 2 should fly a 2G, 180° turn, keeping number 1 on the horizon at all times.
d. Number 2 should delay 5 seconds, perform a 3-4 G turn, and roll out with number 1 slightly above the horizon.

a. Number 2 should keep track of number 1, clear, match number 1’s turn, and roll out behind and slightly below number 1.

63

10. Normal rejoin airspeed for the T-6A is ______KIAS unless otherwise briefed. (C/2/1)
a. 150
b. 160
c. 180
d. 200

c. 180

64

11. Number 1’s responsibilities during a turning rejoin include all of the following EXCEPT ______. (C/2/2)
a. area orientation
b. clearing
c. maintaining a stable platform
d. keeping number 2 slightly below the horizon

d. keeping number 2 slightly below the horizon

65

13. During a turning rejoin, you should plan to arrive in the route position ______. (C/2/4)
a. with 10 KIAS of overtake and no angle off
b. co-speed with number 1 and with no angle off
c. with 10 KIAS of overtake and 30° aspect
d. co-speed with number 1 and with 0° aspect

b. co-speed with number 1 and with no angle off

66

14. You can use all of the following to control closure during a rejoin EXCEPT ______. (C/2/5)
a. power
b. altitude
c. the speed brake
d. pursuit curves

b. altitude

67

15. An overshoot is normally indicated when approaching route with ______. (C/2/6)
a. too much aspect
b. insufficient airspeed
c. too much airspeed and/or too much angle off
d. insufficient angle off

c. too much airspeed and/or too much angle off

68

16. If you don’t specify a side for number 2 to rejoin to during a straight-ahead rejoin, number 2 will ______. (C/3/1)
a. rejoin to either side
b. ask you to specify a side
c. rejoin to the right side
d. rejoin to the left side

d. rejoin to the left side

69

17. In which of the following situations is a radio call required? (C/3/2)
a. To inform number 2 you are in a slight descent
b. To rejoin number 2 on the left
c. To inform number 2 of a greater than 10 knot change in rejoin airspeed
d. To inform number 2 your next maneuver will be an echelon turn

c. To inform number 2 of a greater than 10 knot change in rejoin airspeed

70

18. When performing a straight-ahead rejoin as number 2, you should attempt to ______. (C/3/3)
a. rejoin directly to the fingertip position
b. maintain pure pursuit until 1500 feet aft of number 1
c. stabilize in the route position
d. set the power and use the speed brake to control overtake

c. stabilize in the route position

71

19. Which of the following statements concerning straight-ahead rejoins is true? (C/3/4)
a. You are on a collision course if number 1 stays in a constant position in the windscreen.
b. You cannot be on a collision course if you are in lead pursuit.
c. You should maintain 50 knots of overtake until the route position.
d. You use both geometry and airspeed to complete a straight-ahead rejoin.

a. You are on a collision course if number 1 stays in a constant position in the windscreen.

72

20. What should you do to ensure lateral separation during an overshoot from a straight-ahead rejoin? (C/3/5)
a. Turn away from number 1 slightly as you overshoot.
b. Move to the opposite side.
c. Descend and keep number 1 in sight.
d. Direct number 1 to begin a turn away from you.

a. Turn away from number 1 slightly as you overshoot.

73

21. The fighting wing position is anywhere within a 30 to 45° cone at a distance of ______ - ______ feet aft of number 1. (D/1/1)
a. 200; 400
b. 400; 800
c. 500; 1000
d. 1000; 2000

c. 500; 1000

74

22. How does number 1 direct the flight to go close trail? (E/1/1)
a. Porpoises the aircraft.
b. Taps helmet and points back with thumb.
c. Yaws and wing rocks the aircraft simultaneously.
d. Use radio call or places open hand on back of helmet.

d. Use radio call or places open hand on back of helmet.

75

23. Which of the following maneuvers is allowed in close trail? (E/1/2)
a. Lazy eight maneuvers
b. Rapid turn reversals
c. Negative G maneuvers
d. Sudden releases of back pressure

a. Lazy eight maneuvers

76

24. What are the bank limits in close trail? (E/1/3)
a. 45°
b. 60°
c. 90°
d. 120°

c. 90°

77

25. In the close trail position, you should be ______. (E/1/4)
a. 1-2 ship lengths behind number 1 and stacked level
b. 1-2 ship lengths behind number 1 and slightly below number 1
c. 2-4 ship lengths behind number 1 and stacked level
d. 2-4 ship lengths behind number 1 and slightly below number 1

b. 1-2 ship lengths behind number 1 and slightly below number 1

78

26. In formation, the NORDO aircraft should normally be given or retain the ______ position. (F/1/1)
a. number 1
b. number 2

b. number 2

79

27. Lost wingman procedures include all but which of the following items? (F/2/1)
a. Attempting to rejoin
b. Calling lost wingman
c. Transitioning to instrument flight
d. Ensuring the separation of aircraft

a. Attempting to rejoin

80

28. You are in a wings-level descent when you lose sight of number 1. What should you do? (F/2/2)
a. Turn away from number 1 using 15° of bank for 15 seconds, and then resume course.
b. Level off and turn away from number 1 using 15° of bank for 15 seconds, and then resume course.
c. Turn away from number 1 momentarily and continue the descent to 500 feet above level off altitude.
d. Direct number 1 to level off and continue the descent to the level off altitude.

a. Turn away from number 1 using 15° of bank for 15 seconds, and then resume course.

81

29. During one type of lost wingman procedure, number 1 must roll out to help ensure separation. Which situation requires this action? (F/2/3)
a. Wings-level flight
b. Turning into number 2
c. Turning away from number 2
d. Final approach

b. Turning into number 2

82

30. Practice lost wingman procedures may be initiated by either number 1 or number 2. (F/2/4)
a. True
b. False

b. False

83

31. You have lost sight of the other aircraft in your formation and called “blind.” If there is no timely response to your call, you should ______. (F/3/1)
a. make a second “blind” call
b. make a “knock-it-off” call
c. maneuver away from the other aircraft’s last known position
d. continue the current maneuver and maintain current power setting until regaining sight of the other aircraft

c. maneuver away from the other aircraft’s last known position

84

32. Which of the following considerations is true concerning formation penetrations? (G/1/1)
a. Place number 2 on the inside of the penetration turn.
b. Minimum power setting for number 1 is 30%.
c. Configure with landing flaps and maintain 120 KIAS on final.
d. The weather must be at or above a 500 foot ceiling with visibility at 1 1/2 miles or greater.

d. The weather must be at or above a 500 foot ceiling with visibility at 1 1/2 miles or greater.

85

33. Number 1 will advance the power to ______ to perform a formation missed approach. (G/1/2)
a. 65%
b. 75%
c. 95%
d. MAX

b. 75%

86

34. When going to initial, all turns in the pattern ______. (G/2/1)
a. are away from number 2 using echelon references
b. are away from number 2 using fingertip references
c. use fingertip references with number 2 on the upwind side
d. are into number 2 using fingertip references

a. are away from number 2 using echelon references

87

35. During a traffic pattern and landing from the break, number 1 should ______. (G/2/2)
a. land in the center of the runway
b. land on the downwind side
c. land on the upwind side
d. execute a go-around to let number 2 land

b. land on the downwind side

88

2. Where is the nose of the aircraft pointing if you are in lag pursuit?
a. Ahead of number 1
b. Above number 1
c. At number 1
d. Behind number 1

d. Behind number 1

89

3. Lead pursuit will ______ aspect angle and ______ closure.
a. increase; decrease
b. increase; increase
c. decrease; increase
d. decrease; decrease

b. increase; increase

90

4. In fingertip, you are at a ______ aspect angle from number 1 with ______ angle off.
a. 0;30
b. 30; 180
c. 60;0
d. 30;0

c. 60;0

91

5. How will number 1 signal for a left turning rejoin?
a. Rock wings and roll out in a 30° bank left turn.
b. Do an aileron roll to the left and roll out in a 30° bank left turn.
c. Roll into a 30° bank left turn.
d. Make the radio call “Rejoin” and roll into a 30° bank left turn.

a. Rock wings and roll out in a 30° bank left turn.

92

6. What are the normal turning rejoin airspeed and bank angle for the T-6A?
a. 160 KIAS and 30°
b. 160 KIAS and 45°
c. 180 KIAS and 30°
d. 180 KIAS and 45°

c. 180 KIAS and 30°

93

8. When accomplishing either a turning or straight ahead rejoin, number 2 should ______.
a. stabilize in route prior to moving in to fingertip
b. rejoin directly to fingertip
c. stabilize in route and stay there until number 1 rocks you in
d. stabilize in route and request permission to go to fingertip

a. stabilize in route prior to moving in to fingertip

94

9. Which of the following limitations does NOT apply to close trail?
a. Minimum of MAX power maintained by number 1
b. 2-3 Gs maximum
c. Minimum of 120 knots
d. 90° of bank maximum

a. Minimum of MAX power maintained by number 1

95

10. When overshooting from a turning rejoin, you should ______.
a. pass one ship length behind number 1
b. not use the speed brake
c. stabilize in the fingertip position on the outside of the turn
d. not climb higher than number 1

d. not climb higher than number 1

96

11. When recovering with a NORDO number 2 to a straight-in or instrument approach, the aircraft with the operable radio will lead the flight through the approach until ______.
a. the gear down call has been made
b. reaching 2 miles from the runway
c. reaching 5 miles from the runway
d. the runway is in sight and landing clearance has been obtained

d. the runway is in sight and landing clearance has been obtained

97

12. You are number 2 on the inside of a turn in IMC when you lose sight of number 1. What will you do?
a. Turn away from number 1 using 15° of bank for 15 seconds.
b. Reduce power momentarily and tell number 1 to roll out.
c. Reduce power momentarily and roll out of the turn.
d. Reduce power momentarily and tell number 1 to reverse the turn.

b. Reduce power momentarily and tell number 1 to roll out.

98

13. When will you stack level on a formation approach?
a. At 1/2 mile from the runway
b. Once you break out of the weather
c. At the FAF or the glide slope intercept point
d. After breaking out of the weather, but no later than 1/2 mile from touchdown

d. After breaking out of the weather, but no later than 1/2 mile from touchdown

99

14. Number 2 should ______ when recovering to the overhead pattern.
a. be placed on the upwind side
b. be on the outside of the turns
c. maintain fingertip position during turns
d. stay in route until over the numbers

b. be on the outside of the turns

100

15. During a formation landing, ______.
a. number 1 should line up on the center of the runway
b. number 2 should use brakes to maintain position during landing roll
c. number 1 should plan to land 1000 feet down the runway
d. number 2 should stop referencing number 1 as the flight enters the flare

c. number 1 should plan to land 1000 feet down the runway

101

1. What are the three primary number 1 responsibilities during formation flight? (B/1/1)

a. Clearing for the flight
b. Planning
c. Monitoring number 2

102

2. What are number 2’s communication responsibilities? (B/1/2)

a. Monitors communications
b. Responds to number 1
c. Maintains radio discipline

Number 1 has the following communication responsibilities: a. Communicates for the flight
b. Keep flight on frequency
c. Squawks for the flight d. Maintains radio discipline

103

3. How does number 1 accomplish a frequency change during formation flight? (B/1/3)

a. Initiate
b. Change
c. Check-in

104

4. What are the characteristics of proper visual signals in formation flight? (B/1/4)

a. Appropriate time
b. Contrasting background
c. Acknowledgment
d. Current flight condition

105

5. What signal is number 1 giving? (B/1/5)

Move to route formation

106

6. What signal is this aircraft giving? (B/1/6)

Crossunder

107

7. What are the number 1 and number 2 responsibilities for clearing in formation flight? (B/1/7)

Number 1:
-Clears for the flight
-Knows number 2’s position
-Loosens formation to help clear if required

Number 2:
-Knows number 1’s position
-Helps clear flight
-Stays aware

108

8. What situations require a “KNOCK IT OFF” call? (B/1/8)

a. Maneuver will take you out of the area
b. Unbriefed or unscheduled flight enters the area
c. Minimum altitude or cloud clearance is approached
d. Situational awareness is lost
e. A radio failure is recognized
f. Any aircraft rocks its wings
g. A member calls “knock-it-off”
h. Dangerous situation is developing
i. Bingo fuel is overflown and fuel state requires traffic priority or direct routing to recovery base
j. An over-G occurs

109

9. If number 1 aborts a formation takeoff after brake release, what should number 2 do? (C/1/1)

a. During an interval takeoff, number 2 will also abort
b. During a wing takeoff, number 2 will normally continue the takeoff

110

10. When should number 1 retract the gear and flaps during a formation takeoff? (C/1/2)

a. After checking number 2 is safely airborne and passing 110 KIAS minimum
Note: Delay turns until 140 KIAS and 400 feet AGL minimum

111

11. What are the restrictions and procedures for an interval takeoff? (C/1/3)

a. Used when wind or runway conditions dictate
b. Minimum weather 1500 feet and 3 miles
c. Number 1 uses full power until 160 KIAS
d. Number 2 delays 6 seconds
e. Number 2 uses full power for takeoff
f. Straight ahead or turning rejoin

112

12. What are the three steps used to correct formation position? (C/2/1)

-Make a small input to initiate the correction
-Observe the reaction to the correction
-Adjust the correction as necessary

113

13. What parameters define route position? (C/2/2)

-Line abreast to 30° line
-Slightly below
-Two ship widths to 500 feet

114

14. How should number 2 be positioned during turns in route formation? (C/2/3)

a. Maintain echelon vertical reference for turns away
b. During turns toward, descend as necessary to keep number 1 in sight and remain below number 1’s flight path

115

15. What are the three types of formation pursuit? (D/1/1)

Lead –Velocity vector in front of number 1
Pure – Velocity vector pointed at number 1
Lag – Velocity vector behind number 1

116

16. How will number 1 signal a turning rejoin? (D/1/2)

Number 1 will rock wings or use radio

117

17. When is number 1 required to call out airspeed during a rejoin? (D/1/3)

Number 1 should call airspeed changes greater than 10 KIAS from prebriefed airspeed.

118

18. While flying a turning rejoin you notice an excessive rate of closure. What should you do? (D/1/4)

An overshoot

119

19. What are the maneuvering limitations associated with close trail? (D/1/5)

Approximately 90° angle of bank, 2 - 3 Gs, and minimum of 120 knots

120

20. What are the procedures for the lost wingman on final approach? (D/1/6)

-Momentarily turn away from number 1
-Climb to FAF or glideslope intercept altitude
-Inform number 1 and obtain a separate clearance
-Fly new clearance or published missed

121

21. How do you do a formation missed approach? (D/2/1)

a. Number 1 sets 75% power, establishes climb, retracts gear and flaps
b. Number 2 maintains stack position and anticipates gear and flaps up

122

2. Which crew is responsible for keeping the formation within assigned airspace and accomplishing the mission profile?

Number 1

123

3. What is the hand signal for the number eight?

a

124

4. On wing formation takeoff roll, number 1 should set power to _____% torque.

85-95

125

5. During a wing takeoff, if number 1 aborts after brake release, what action should number 2 normally take?

Number 2 should continue the takeoff

126

6. As number 1 of an interval takeoff, when the gear and flaps are retracted, maintain ____ KIAS until number 2 is in position.

160

127

7. What is the maximum angle of bank to be used during an echelon turn?

60°

128

8. During turns away in route formation, what vertical reference should number 2 maintain?

The same vertical reference as an echelon turn

129

9. An overshoot in normally indicated by arriving in route with ________.

too much closure rate and/or too much angle off

130

10. During recovery, a NORDO aircraft in formation should normally fly the ______ position.

number2

131

11. During an IMC turn toward you as number 2, you lose sight of number 1. What should you do?

Reduce power and tell number 1 to roll out.

132

12. During a traffic pattern and landing from a break, what side of the runway should number 1 land on?

The downwind side

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13. Where is the nose of the aircraft pointing if you are in lead pursuit?

Ahead of the number 1 aircraft