Fountain Flashcards Preview

Art > Fountain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fountain Deck (45):
0

Where was Marcel Duchamp born?

In Upper Normandy

1

What his family's relationship to art?

His maternal grandfather was a painter and engraver, his two older brothers Jacques Villion and Raymond Duchamp-Villion were professional artists, his sister Suzanne Duchamp-Crotti also became an artist

2

When was Marcel Duchamp enrolled in the Academia Julian?

From 1904 to 1905

3

What was Duchamp's first important painting that demonstrates the influence of Cubism?

Nude Descending a Staircase No. 2

4

How did Duchamp make an early living with art?

By creating cartoons and humorous drawings for popular journals in Paris

5

How did Duchamp differ from Cubist works in his paintings?

He showed his figures in motion like in individual frames in movie

6

In 1913 where did Duchamp show Nude Descending a Staircase No. 2?

At the Armory Show in New York City

7

What was Duchamp's goal for art?

To move away from the concept of art as an object of aesthetic pleasure and intended instead to put art back in the service of the mind

8

What was Duchamp's first ready-made?

The Bicycle Wheel

9

Why was Duchamp unable to serve in the military during the Great War?

Because of a minor heart issue

10

When did Duchamp immigrate to New York?

In 1915

11

When did chess become a major preoccupation for Duchamp?

From the 1920's

12

When did Duchamp die?

In October 1968

13

What did Duchamp use to make The Bicycle Wheel?

By combining a bicycle wheel and a stool

14

What artists was closely with Duchamp and his Dada movement in New York?

Man Ray AND Francis Picabia

15

What title in chess did Duchamp earn?

Chess master

16

What was Fountain?

A porcelain urinal signed R. Mutt 1917

17

How did Duchamp question the nature of a work of art?

By suggesting that the artists didn't have to require any labor by the artists

18

Who photographed Fountain in 1917?

Alfred Stieglitz

19

What did Duchamp submit Fountain to?

The Society of Independent Artists

20

What was the goal of the Society of Independent Artists?

To host exhibitions showcasing the work of avante-garde artists

21

What journal was given over to the reactions to the Fountain?

Volume 2 of the Dada Journal entitled The Blind Man

22

What were two grounds for refusing Mr. Mutt's foundation?

Some contend it was immoral, vulgar. Others it was plagiarism, a plain piece of plumbing

23

What was Duchamp known for by 1917?

His production of ready-makes

24

Why did Duchamp resign from his position of director as the Society of Independent Artists in 1917?

Do to the outage that his work wasn't shown

25

What group do historians identify Duchamp?

The movement of Dada

26

When did Dada originate and when?

In Zurich, Switzerland in 1916

27

Who were some of the artists associated with Dada?

Tristan Tzara, Hugo Ball, Hannah Hoech and Francis Picabia

28

What was the reason for the name Dada?

The artists choose a word from the dictionary at random

29

Why did the artists of Dada reject reason and order and what did they replace it with?

In reaction to the horrors of World War One they embraced irrationality and nonsense

30

Why did many artists of the Dada movement live in Switzerland?

Because it was neutral during World War One

31

Where else did many Dada artists flee to instead of Switzerland flee to?

New York

32

What artists from the Dada movement went to New York instead of Switzerland during the war?

Duchamp and Picabia

33

Who did Pacabia and Duchamp meet in New York?

American photographer and painter Man Ray

34

What type of Duchamp's works were the epitome of the anti-art Dada movement?

His ready makes

35

How many ready makes did Duchamp produced during his lifetime?

Around twenty

36

What ready make did Duchamp simply put his name on in 1915?

In Advance of the Broken Arm

37

What Dada journal brought attention to Duchamp's Fountain?

The Blind Man

38

What work did Duchamp render useless by rearranging the pieces of the bicycle?

Bicycle Wheel in 1913

39

What were Duchamp's first paintings as a teenager inspired by?

Impressionist landscapres

40

How was Duchamp's works similar to Cubists?

By using their muted palatte

41

Why did Duchamp withdraw Nude Descending a Staircase for the Salon des Independents?

Because of the hypocrisy of rejection by an avant-garde group

42

How did Duchamp create Bicycle Wheel?

By putting the wheel upside down on the seat of the stool

43

Duchamp worked closely with artists from what movement other than Dada?

Surrealist artists

44

What was Duchamp's position at the Society of Independent Artists in 1917?

Director of the exhibition