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Flashcards in Ma Jolie Deck (56):
0

Where was Picasso born and when?

Malaga, Spain 1881

1

Who did the earliest training of Picasso in the arts?

His father Jose Ruiz y Blasco who was an art professor

2

When did Picasso enroll in the Royal Academy of San Fernando in Madrid?

When he was 16 years old

3

What was Picasso's new individual style influenced by at the end of the 19th century?

By Symbolism and Art Nouveau and also the works of El Greco and Francisco Goya

4

When did Picasso make his first trip to Paris?

In 1900

5

When was Picasso's Blue Period?

From 1901 to 1904

6

What do Picasso's paintings from his Blue Period focus on?

On the human figure

7

What is one of Picasso's most recognizable work from his Blue Period?

The Old Guitarist

8

When was Picasso's Rose Period?

From 1904 to 1906

9

What were Picasso's subjects during his Rose Period?

Acrobats and harlequins

10

Who did Picasso travel with to Catalonia in the summer of 1906?

Fernande Olivier

11

Who did Picasso begin a close association with in 1908?

Georges Braquee

12

What did Braque and Picasso create?

Cubism

13

Why did the collaboration between Picasso and Braque end in 1914?

Because Braque enlisted in the army

14

Where did Picasso get a chance to see artworks from Africa and the Pacific Islands?

At the Ethnographic Museum of the Rocadero in Paris

15

The influences of art from Africa and the Pacific in Picasso's paintings were made obvious in what painting?

His 1907 Les Demoiselles D'Avignon

16

What piece can be seen as a foundational piece in the development of Cubism?

Les Demoiselles D'Avignon

17

Who did Picasso begin a close association with in 1916?

Sergei Diaghilev

18

Who did Picasso marry?

Olga Koklova

19

What was the exception to Picasso's refusal to express his political beliefs through his art?

Guernica 1937 which depicted the bombing of civilians during the Spanish Civil War

20

Where was Guernica viewed?

At the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art and the Museum of Modern Art in New York

21

What was one of Picasso's most famous sculptures?

The Chicago Picasso located in Daley Plaza, Chicago

22

What is Ma Jolie?

My pretty girl, the refrain from a popular song as well as Picasso's nickname for his lover at that time, Marcelle Humbert

23

When did Marcelle Humbert die?

In 1915 of tuberculosis

24

What colors were used in Ma Jolie?

Grays, browns, and cream-colored highlights as well as black lines

25

What can we see in Ma Jolie?

A triangle in the lower right section of the painting, six vertical strings in the center of the compositions as well as four fingers, part of an arm and a bent elbow to the right of the triangle

26

When was Ma Jolie painted and what have art historians labeled the piece?

It was painted from 1911 to 1912 and has been labeled as High Analytic Cubism

27

When did Cubism flourish?

From 1908 to 1914

28

When was Analytic Cubism?

The works of Picasso and Braque from 1909 to 1911

29

What was Analytic Cubism?

Where paintings based on traditional subjects dissected the formal elements of these subjects and placed them rearranged on the canvas

30

When was Synthetic Cubism?

In 1912

31

What was Synthetic Cubism?

When the artists incorporate objects such as wallpaper, newspapers and fabrics into multimedia works

32

What artists besides Braque and Picasso were involved in Cubism?

Juan Gris and Fernand Legar

33

What four movements did Cubism influence?

Constructivism, Futurism, Dada and Surrealism

34

What Mexican muralist painter was inspired by the formal qualities of Cubism?

Diego Rivera

35

Who was Picasso married to when he died?

Jacqueline Roque

36

What salon did the group of artists identified as Cubists participate in?

Salle 41 at the 1911 Salon des Independents

37

When was Ma Jolie?

In 1911 and 1912

38

Who did Picasso study under his father?

The works by the Old Masters and drawing from plaster copies of Ancient Greek and Roman sculptures

39

What did the Royal Academy of San Fernando place an emphasis on?

The naturalistic depiction of space and idealized representations of the human body

40

Where did Picasso and Olivier go in 1906?

To Catalonia

41

What did Picasso paint in the years after World War One?

A more classical style, often depicting women in classical poses

42

What two mediums did Picasso use for reductive works?

Wood and stone

43

What was Chicago Picasso a challenge to?

Traditional public statues in Chicago which generally represented famous individuals in a naturalistic fashion

44

How many marriages did Picasso have?

Two

45

Who did Picasso like to affairs with?

His models

46

Picasso has become the stereotype of the?

Bohemian male artist

47

Who was Picasso married to when he died in 1973?

Jacqueline Roque

48

What was Marcelle Humbert better known as?

Eva Gouel

49

What do black lines in Ma Jolie create?

Geometric shapes

50

Where does the text that spells Ma Jolie lie in the composition?

At the bottom center of the composition

51

Which side of the composition in Ma Jolie is darker?

The upper left which when paired with the light cream-colored highlights on the right creates a sense of depth

52

What did Picasso try to question with Ma Jolie?

The value of representing three-dimensional space and the significance of a painted image of a person

53

What salon did Cubism appear at?

Salle 41 at the Salon des Independents

54

What Mexican muralist painter was inspired by the formal qualities of Cubism?

Diego Rivera

55

How did Diego Rivera encounter Cubism?

While living in Paris during World War One