Flashcards in Street, Berlin Deck (43):
Where was Ernst Ludwig Kirchner born and where did he spend his childhood?
In Bavaria and spent his childhood in Germany and Switzerland
Where did Kirchner move to study architecture?
To Dresden where he actually spent his time drawing and painting
When did Kirchner move to Dresden?
What degree did Kirchner earn in 1905?
An engineering degree
What group did Kirchner found and when?
Die Bruecke in 1905 in Dresden
Who did Kirchner found Die Brucke with?
Fritz Bleyl, Erich Heclel and Karl Schmidt-Rotluff
What type of students were all the founders of Die Brucke?
When did Die Brucke have its first exhibition?
Where did Brucke relocate to in 1911?
What text did Kirchner publish in 1913?
Chronik der Brucke
Why did Die Brucke dissolve?
Because Kirchner published the Chronick der Brucke stating his independence and his proposition that he alone was responsible for its innovations
When was Kirchner conscripted and what happened to him while in the military?
In 1915 for mounted artillery but he suffered a mental breakdown and was released from service and he recovered in Switzerland
When did Kirchner begin to write about his theories of art?
In the 1920's
What academy was Kirchner made a member of in 1931?
The Prussian Academy of Arts in Berlin
What happened to Kirchner with the Nazi party?
They destroyed over 600 of his works and thirty works were featured in the Degenerate Art Exhibition in 1937
Who was Kirchner;s life long partner?
How did Kirchner die?
He shot himself in 1938
How many paintings did Kirchner produce during 1913-1915?
How many people are in Street Berlin?
What are the men doing in Street Berlin?
One is standing looking at a shop with four others
Who are the women supposed to be in Street Berlin?
Prostitutes and the men are their potential clients
What is the heart of the scene in Street, Berlin?
The brutal dehumanization o urban life
What is Die Brucke categorized as?
An Expressionist movement
Who were Die Brucke artists influenced by the writings of?
German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, the author of Thus Spoke Zrathustra
What did the bridge serves as in the writings of Nietaxche?
A metaphor for contradictory states of human civilization balanced between the pat and the future as well as between natural state and civilization
What was always the primary interest for Die Brucke artists
The huma figure
Kirchner's pessimism set him apart from what other Expressionist artist?
By 1931 Kirchner was recognized as a leader of ______ in Germany?
Kirchner's paintings between 1913 and 1915 focused on?
The dehumanizing relationship between female prostitutes and the men who are their potential clients
What are the women in Street Berlin joined by?
A conspiratoral glance
What are men's faces reduced to?
Blotches of peach with black slashes
In Street Berlin what does the woman on the left wear?
A dark purple dress with a white fur collar
What does the woman on the right in Street, Berlin wear?
A dark blue and black coat
What does Kirchner stylistically convey in Street, Berlin?
The ambivalence of modern, urban life
What is the sidewalk in Street, Berlin created from?
Shades of pink and red
What group is Die Brucke a parallel to?
Did Kirchner deny or confirm connection to the work of Henri Matisse?
He denied any connection
Who was the author of Thus Spoke Zarathustra?
What did Kirchner believe about modern art?
That it had to draw upon but also reject the past in order for progress to be possible
What did the bridge serve as the German philosopher Nietzsche?
That it served as a metaphor for contradictory states of human civilization
What was always of primary interest to Die Brucke artists?
The human figure
How did the artists of Die Brucke create their pictures?
Human form using models in the studio, and they traveled to the countryside together to paint models in the landscape