Fractures (core) Flashcards
What types of clavicle fractures are likely to be operated on?
Distal one third
What are the Gustilo and Anderson classification for?
Open fracture severity
What are the common fractures at the elbow in kids?
Pulseless supracondylar fracture
In what position is a pulseless subcondylar fracture fixed?
Extension at elbow
What is a galeazzi fracture?
Shaft of radius and dislocation of distal radioulnar joint
What are the 4 steps to managing a fracture?
Initial stabilisation - assessment, analgesia, prevent complications (reduction, splint, treat wound)
What are the Ottawa ankle rules? What are they for?
Tenderness over 6cm of the lower posterior border of the tibia, fibula or malleoli
Tenderness base of the 5th metatarsal
Tenderness of the navicular
Unable to fully weight bear
To determine whether an X-ray is required for an ankle injury
What is the problem with displaced #NOF?
They have a higher rate of avascular necrosis
What is a Colles fracture? When does it commonly occur?
Fracture of distal radius and ulna
Secondary to a FOSH
What is a Barton’s fracture?
of distal radius
What is a Weber fracture?
Fracture of the lateral malleolus of the fibula
How do you communicate the details of a fracture?
Mechanism of injury
Soft tissue damage
What are some clinical signs that are useful in assessing a pulseless subcondylar fracture?
What are the 3 rules for looking for elbow fractures
Look for fat pad posteriorly and anteriorly - indicative of damage
line through the Radial head points to the capitellum
Anterior humeral line dissects the centre of capitellum
What is a Bowers fracture?
of 5th metacarpal