Fractures of the proximal femur Flashcards Preview

Year 2 > Fractures of the proximal femur > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fractures of the proximal femur Deck (15):
1

Which age group gets proximal femur fractures?

Elderly
Young patients

2

Do females or males get proximal femur fractures more often?

Female

3

What are the risk factors which contribute to proximal femur fractures?

Osteoporosis
Smoking
Neurological impairment
Poor vision
Malnutrition
Alcohol

4

What is the blood supply to the femoral head?

Intermedullary artery of shaft of femur
Medial and lateral circumflex branches of profunda femoris
Artery of ligamentum teres

5

What are the types of neck of femur fracture?

Intercapsular
Extracapsular

6

What are the types of intercapsular femur fracture?

Displaced
Undisplaced

7

What are the types of extracapsular femur fracture?

Basicervical
Subtrochanteric
Intertrochanteric

8

What are the complications of neck of femur fractures?

Intercapsular - non-union, avascular necrosis
Extracapsular - mal-union, non-union

9

What are the symptoms of neck of femur fracture?

Pain
Inability to weight bear

10

What are the signs of neck of femur fracture?

Shortening
External rotation

11

How is a neck of femur fracture investigated?

X-ray
MRI

12

What can be seen on a neck of femur fracture x-ray?

Shenton's line disruption

13

How is an undisplaced intercapsular fracture managed?

Internal fixation

14

How are displaced intercapsular fractures managed?

Hemiarthroplasty
Arthroplasty

15

How are extracapsular fractures managed?

Pinning
Dynamic hip screw
Gamma nail

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