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Flashcards in free will and determinism Deck (14)
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1

What is free will?

Humans can make choices
Not determined by external forces
Reject these forces

2

What is determinism?

Behaviour is shaped by forces rather than will

3

What is hard determinism/fatalism?

All behaviour has a cause
Free will is not possible
Should be possible to identify these causes

4

What is soft determinism?

James - some room for manoeuvre
Conscious choices on absence of coercion

5

What are 5 types of determinism?

Hard
Soft
Biological
Environmental
Psychic

6

What is biological determinism?

Behaviour caused by biological influences
Fight or flight response
Hormones and genes
Meditating influence of environment on biology - doubly-determined

7

What is environmental determinism?

Caused by features of environment
Conditioning, reinforcement
Shaped by agents of socialisation - parents and teachers etc

8

What is psychic determinism?

Determined by unconscious conflicts repressed in childhood
No accidents

9

What is the relationship of science with causal explanations?

Principle of science - everything has a cause
Knowledge of causes allow scientists to predict future events
Lab experiment enables removal of extraneous variables to predict behaviour

10

Evaluation - the case for determinism

Consistent with aims of science
Places psychology as real science
Control of behaviour = treatment eg schizophrenia drug treatment
Schizophrenia - people lose control over thought, casting doubt on free will
Mental illness is determined

11

Evaluation - case against determinism

Hard determinism means criminals would not be held accountable
Unfalsifiable - causes exist but have not been found
Not as scientific as it first appears

12

Evaluation - case for free will

Face validity - we appear to make our own choices
People with internal LOC are more mentally healthy
Roberts - adolescents with belief in fatalism had greater risk of depression

13

Evaluation - case against free will

Libet and Soon - brain activity predates knowledge of making choices
Press button with left or right hand - brain activity related to decision occurred 10 seconds before pps were aware of decision

14

Evaluation - compromise

SLT - soft determinism
Environmental factors in learning are key
Free to choose when to perform behaviour
Reciprocal determinism