free will vs. determinism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in free will vs. determinism Deck (10)
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1
Q

outline what is meant by free-will

A

we are able to choose our own behaviours and thoughts without constraints

2
Q

outline what is meant by determinism

A

behaviour controlled by internal or external factors outside of our control
behaviour should be predictable

3
Q

explain what is meant by hard determinism

A

suggests environmental, genetic, and unconscious causes determine people to act the way they do so they are not responsible for their actions

4
Q

explain what is meant by soft determinism

A
  • acknowledges all behaviour has causes but allows for some free will
5
Q

outline what is meant by biological determinism

A

behaviour caused by biological factors we can’s control

eg. genetic, hormonal

6
Q

outline what is meant by environmental determinism

A

behaviours caused by features of the environment we can’t control
eg. reward and punishment

7
Q

outline what is meant by psychic determinism

A

behaviour is caused by unconscious conflicts out of our control

8
Q

give two examples of soft determinism in psychological research

A
  • SLT - mediational processes

- Cognitive approach - we choose what we pay attention to

9
Q

explain an example of environmental determinism in psychological research

A
  • operant conditioning
  • rat was rewarded for specific behaviour
  • determined future behaviour displayed by the rat
10
Q

explain an example of psychic determinism in psychological research

A
  • psychosexual stages

- children identify with parents and as a result unconsciously take on their behaviours and traits