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Flashcards in idiographic / nomothetic Deck (11)
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1
Q

what is the idiographic/nomothetic debate concerned with

A

whether psychology should make generalisations to compare people or whether it should hold the belief that all people are unique

2
Q

what is the belief of the idiographic approach

A
  • emphasis on the self and that all individuals are unique

- generalisations made from quantitative methods are irrelevant as they don’t describe the nature of the individual

3
Q

how is data collected in the idiographic approach

A
  • interviews, self reflections and self-report methods used within case studies
  • they gain more insight into the persons unique way of thinking about the world
4
Q

give two examples of the idiographic approach in research

A
  • humanistic psychology - interested in experiences of the self
  • psychodynamic approach - case studies
5
Q

what is the belief of the nomothetic approach

A
  • we are able to draw conclusions about populations from smaller groups
  • it establishes general laws of behaviour
6
Q

how does the nomothetic approach collect data

A
  • empirical testing

- large numbers of pps are tested and similarities in behaviours are found

7
Q

give three examples of the nomothetic approach in research

A
  • behaviourism - cause and effect laws of conditioning
  • cognitive - memory models applied to all
  • biological - empirical, lab testing applied to all
8
Q

explain the strengths of the idiographic approach

A
  • in-depth qualitative assessments give complete account of individual
  • works well with nomothetic approach do demonstrate or challenge general laws
9
Q

explain the weaknesses of the idiographic approach

A
  • narrow and restricted view of behaviour
  • no meaningful generalisations without further validation
  • relies on subjective interpretation of researcher - bias
10
Q

explain the strengths of the nomothetic approach

A
  • scientific approach - data analysed quantitatively and tested under standardised conditions
  • enabled psychologists to establish norms of behaviour giving psychology greater scientific credibility
11
Q

explain the weaknesses of the nomothetic approach

A
  • overlooks the richness of human experience and ignores individual feelings and experiences
  • in lab experiments pps treated as a series of results rather than individual people and subjective experiences ignored