Fungal Cutaneous Infections Flashcards Preview

SMB 1 > Fungal Cutaneous Infections > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fungal Cutaneous Infections Deck (32):
1

Candidiasis- Eti

Candida albicans. Invades vaginal, oral, GI, and warm moist areas

2

Candidiasis-Sx

itching, burning, white exudate, in moist areas

3

Candidiasis- Dx

KOH- shorter, branched fungi

4

Candidiasis- Tx

Topical antifungal azoles or fluconazole

5

Tinea Versicolor- Eti

Superficial overgrowth of malassezia- warm, oily skin. Non-contagiuos resident of normal flora

6

Tinea Versicolor- Sx

Asymptomatic, hyper or hypo pigementation- sharply marginated macules with scales on trunk and extremities

7

Tinea Versicolor- Dx

KOH- Spagetti & meatballs,
Woods lamp- blue-green

8

Tinea Versicolor- Tx

Selenium sulfide, topical or oral ketoconazole

9

Tinea Pedis- Eti

Athletes foot. hyperhidrosis, hot humid climates- overgrowth of tinea

10

Tinea Pedis-- Sx

Erythema, scaling, maceration between web spaces- itchy, burning and stinging. Moccasin distribution

11

Tinea Pedis- Dx

KOH- long hyphae

12

Tinea Pedis-- Tx

Terbinafine oral

13

Tinea Mannum- Eti

Tinea pedis of the hands, often unilateral in dominant hand

14

Tinea cruris- Eti

Jock itch. Common tinea pedis

15

Tinea cruris- Sx

well demarcated, large, scaling plaques with central clearing, prussic- may lead to excoriations

16

Tinea cruris- Dx

Clinical

17

Tinea cruris- Tx

Topical terbinafine

18

Tinea corpois- Eti

ring worm- tinea infection of trunk. legs, arms and neck

19

Tinea corporis- Sx

Scaling, sharply demarcated plaques, peripheral enlargement with central clearing. Gyrate patterns

20

Tinea corpois- Dx

KOH

21

Tinea corporis- Tx

Topical or oral terbinafine

22

Tinea capitis- Eti

Common in children. Dermatophytic infection of scalp. Transmissible.

23

Tinea capitis- Sx

Wide variety- scaling with alopecia, black dots or boggy inflammatory mass

24

Tinea capitis- Dx

KOH

25

Tinea capitis- Tx

Oral terbinafine

26

Tinea Barbae- Eti

May come from animal. Manifests in androgen sensitive beard and mustache areas

27

Tinea Barbae- Sx

Pustular folliculitis, inflammatory papules, nodules or plaques, scaling, circular reddish plaques

28

Tinea Barbae- Tx

Oral terbinafine

29

Tinea unguium/ onchomycosis- Eti

Dermophytic infection of nails. T. rubrum most common

30

Tinea unguium/ onchomycosis- Sx

Brittle, yellowish accumulation of nail beds, white chalky patch, friable

31

Tinea unguium/ onchomycosis- Dx

KOH or culture

32

Tinea unguium/ onchomycosis- Tx

Oral terbinafine x 12 weeks, debridement