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Flashcards in Gait Deck (50)
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1

Time spent in stance and swing phases of gait

Stance = 60%

Swing = 40%

2

Standard Terminology for portions of gait (8)

Heel strike

Foot flat

Midstance

Heel off

Toe off

Acceleration 

Midswing

Deceleration 

3

Rancho Los Amigos Terminology for portions of gait (8)

Initial contact

Loading response

Midstance

Terminal Stance

Pre-swing

Initial swing

Midswing

Terminal swing

4

Peak Muscle Activity During Gait Cycle: Tibialis Anterior

Just after heel strike -- responsible for eccentric lowering of foot in PF

5

Peak Muscle Activity During Gait Cycle: Gastroc/Soleus

During late stance phase -- responsible for concentric raising of heel during toe off

6

Peak Muscle Activity During Gait Cycle: Quadriceps

1: During single support

2: During early stance just before toe off

7

Peak Muscle Activity During Gait Cycle: Hamstrings

During late swing phase -- responsible for decelerating unsupported limb

8

ROM for Normal Gait: Hip Flexion

0-30 deg

 

9

ROM for Normal Gait: Hip Extension

0-10 deg

10

ROM for Normal Gait: Knee Flexion

0-60 deg

11

ROM for Normal Gait: Knee Extension

0 deg

12

ROM for Normal Gait: Ankle DF

0-10 deg

13

ROM for Normal Gait: Ankle PF

0-20 deg

14

Defn: Distance between left and right foot during progression of gait.  Distnace decreases as cadence increases

Base of Support

15

Defn: Number of steps an individual will walk over a period of time

Cadence

16

Defn: Angle formed by each foot's line of progression and a line intersecting the center of the heel and second toe

Degree of toe out

17

Phase: Time spent in this phase increases as speed of gait decreases.  

Double support

18

Pelvic rotation occurs _________ the ________ in order to maintain ________ and regulate _________.

opposite, thorax, balance, speed

19

Defn: Distance measured between right and left heel strike

Step Length

20

Defn: Distance measured between right and right heel strike

Stride length

21

Abnormal Gait Pattern: protective gait pattern where the involved step length is decreased in order to avoid WB on the involved side, usually secondary to pain

Antalgic

22

Abnormal Gait Pattern: Pattern characterized by staggering and unsteadiness.  Usually with a wide BOS and exaggerated movement

Ataxic

23

Abnormal Gait Pattern: Staggering gait pattern

Cerebellar

24

Abnormal Gait Pattern: Pattern characterized by a circular motion to advance the leg during swing phase to compensate for insufficient hip/knee flexion/DF

Circumduction

25

Abnormal Gait Pattern: Gait pattern in which alternate steps are of a different length or at a different rate

Double step

26

Abnormal Gait Pattern: Pattern characterized by high steps, usually involves excessive activity of gastrocs

Equine

27

Abnormal Gait Pattern: Pattern where a patient walks on toes as though pushed.  Starts slowly, increases, and may continue until the patients grasps an object in order to stop

Festinating

28

Abnormal Gait Pattern: Pattern marked by increased forward flexion of the trunkan dknees, gait is shuffling with quick and small steps, festinating may occur

Parkinsonian

29

Abnormal Gait Pattern: Pattern in which patients ABDucts the paralzyed limb, swing it around, and bring it forward so the foot comes to the ground in front of them

Hemiplegic

30

Abnormal Gait Pattern: Pattern in which the legs cross midline upon advancement

Scissor