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Flashcards in Definitions Deck (33)
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1

Active Insufficiency

Inability of a 2 joint mm to perform a concentric contraction over one joint when it is shortened over another

2

Passive Insufficiency

Inability of a 2 joint muscle to lenghten over one joint when it is already lengthened over another

3

Make Test

An evaluation process where a patient is asked to apply a force against resistance (dynamometer)

4

Break Test

An evaluation process where a patient is asked to hold a contraction against pressure that is applied in the opposite direction to the contraction (MMT)

5

Convex Concave Rule

CONVEX moving = OPPOSITE

CONCAVE moving = SAME

6

Longitudinal Congenital Limb Deficiency

Reduction or absence of element(s) withing the long axis of the bone

7

Transverse Congenital Limb Deficiency

Developed to a particular level beyond which no skeletal elements exist

8

Glenohumeral Subluxation

> 50% of humeral head translation over the glenoid rim withouth dislocation

9

Avulsion Fracture

Portion of bone becomes fragmented at the site of tendon attachment due to a traumatic and sudden stretch of the tendon

10

Closed Fracture

Break in a bone where the skin over the site remains intact

11

Comminuted Fracture

Bone that breaks into fragments at the site of injury

12

Compound Fracture

Break in a bone that protrudes through the skin

13

Greenstick Fracture

Break on one side of a bone that does not damage the periosteum on the oppostie side.  

 

Bending fracture, often seen in children

14

Nonunion Fracture

Break in a bone that has failed to unite and heal after 9-12 months

15

Stress Fracture

Break in a bone due to repeated forces to a particular protion of the bone.

16

Spiral Fracture

Break in bone due to torsion/twisting

17

Bursitis

Condition casued by acure or chronic inflammation of the bursae which may limit ROM, cause pain and swelling

18

Contusion

Sudden blow to a part of the body that can result in mild to severe damage to superficial and deep structures

19

Edema

Increased volume of fluid in soft tissue outside of a joint capsule

20

Effusion

Increased volume of fluid within a joint capsule

21

Genu Valgum

Knock kneed; knee touch while standing with the feet a part

22

Genu Varum

Bowleg; added space between the knees with the feet together

23

Kyphosis

excessive curvature of the spine in a posterior direction 

24

Lordosis

Excessive curvature in an anterior direction

25

Q Angle

Degres of angulation from ASIS through mid-patella to tibial tubercle

 

Normal = 13-18 degrees

26

Grade 1 Sprain

mild pain and swelling, little to not tear of the ligament

27

Grade 2 Sprain

Moderate pain and swelling, minimal instabliity of the joint, min-moderate tearing of the ligament with decreased ROM

28

Grade 3 Sprain

Severe pain and swelling, substantial joint instability, total tear of ligament, substantial decrease in ROM

29

Strain vs. Sprain

Sprain = injury to ligament

Strain = injury involving muscultotendinous unit (mm, tendon, and their attachment to bone)

30

Grade 1 Strain

localized pain, minimal swelling and tenderness