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Flashcards in Goniometry Deck (54)
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1

Goniometry: Hip flexion

SP: Supine

F: Greater trochanter

SA: Midline of pelvis

MA: Midline of femur/Lateral femoral condyle

2

Goniometry: Hip extension

SP: Prone; knee straight

F: Greater trochanter

SA: Midline of pelvis

MA: Midline of femur/Lateral femoral condyle

3

Goniometry: Hip abduction

SP: Supine

F: ASIS S

A: Parallel line between ASIS

MA: Midline of femur/Patella

4

Goniometry: Hip adduction

SP: Supine; abd other leg

F: ASIS

SA: Parallel line between ASIS

MA: Midline of femur/Patella

5

Goniometry: Hip Internal rotation

SP: Seated; femur parallel Bring foot out

F: Patella

SA: Perpendicular to floor

MA: Midline of tibia/Between malleoli

6

Goniometry: Hip External rotation

SP: Seated; femur parallel Bring foot in

F: Patella

SA: Perpendicular to floor

MA: Midline of tibia/Between malleoli

7

Goniometry: Knee flexion

SP: Supine; flex hip so femur is vertical

F: Lateral femoral condyle

SA: Proximal midline of femur/Greater trochanter

MA: Lateral midline of fibula/Lateral malleolus

8

Goniometry: Knee extension

SP: Supine/Towel under ankle

F: Lateral femoral condyle

SA: Proximal midline of femur/Greater trochanter

MA: Lateral midline of fibula/Lateral malleolus

9

Goniometry: Talocrural dorsiflexion

SP: Seated; knee at 90

F: Lateral malleolus

SA: Midline of lateral leg/Fibula (head)

MA: Parallel to midline of 5th MT

10

Goniometry: Talocrural plantarflexion

SP: Seated; knee at 90

F: Lateral malleolus

SA: Midline of lateral leg/Fibula (head)

MA: Parallel to midline of 5th MT

11

Goniometry: Tarsal inversion ("Toes up and in")

SP: Seated; knee at 90

F: Anterior ankle between malleoli

SA: Midline of anterior tibia

MA: 2nd MT

12

Goniometry: Tarsal eversion ("Toes down and out")

SP: Seated; knee at 90

F: Anterior ankle between malleoli

SA: Midline of anterior tibia

MA: 2nd MT

13

Goniometry: Subtalar inversion

SP: Prone

F: Between malleoli/On Achilles tendon

SA: Midline of calf

MA: Midline of calcaneus

14

Goniometry: Subtalar eversion

SP: Prone

F: Between malleoli/On Achilles tendon

SA: Midline of calf

MA: Midline of calcaneus

15

Goniometry: MTP joint flexion

SP: Seated; knee at 90

F: Over MTP joint

SA: 1st MT

MA: Proximal phalanx

16

Goniometry: MTP joint extension

SP: Seated; knee at 90

F: Over MTP joint

SA: 1st MT

MA: Proximal phalanx

17

Goniometry: Throaclumbar Flexion

SP: Standing; use tape measure; measuring difference

F: n/a

SA: C7 (top)

MA: S1 or S2 – PSIS (base)

18

Goniometry: Throaclumbar Extension

SP: Standing; use tape measure; measuring difference

F: n/a

SA: C7 (top)

MA: S1 or S2 – PSIS (base)

19

Goniometry: Throaclumbar Lateral flexion

SP: Standing (watch for rotation)

F: S1 or S2

SA: Perpendicular to floor

MA: C7

20

Goniometry: Throaclumbar Rotation

SP: Seated; feet on floor; arms across chest; sitting tall

F: Center of head

SA: Line through ASIS

MA: Line through acromion

21

Goniometry: Lumbar Flexion

SP: Standing; use tape measure; measuring difference

F: n/a

SA: 15 cm above S2/at L1

MA: S2 (base)

22

Goniometry: Lumbar Extension

SP: Standing; use tape measure; measuring difference

F: n/a

SA: 15 cm above S2/at L1

MA: S2 (base)

23

Goniometry: Shoulder Flexion

SP: Supine

F: Greater tubercle or Acromial progress 

SA: Parallel to midline of thorax

MA: Midline of humerus/Lateral epicondyle

24

Goniometry: Shoulder Extension

SP: Prone

F: Greater tubercle or Acromion process

SA: Parallel to midline of thorax

MA: Midline of humerus/lateral epicondyle

25

Goniometry: Shoulder Abduction

SP: Supine

F: Acromion process

SA: Parallel to midline of sternum

MA: Midline of humerus

26

Goniometry: Shoulder Internal rotation

SP: Supine; shld/elbow 90

F: Olecranon process

SA: Perpendicular to the floor

MA: Ulna (ulnar styloid)

27

Goniometry: Shoulder External rotation

SP: Supine; shld/elbow 90

F: Olecranon process

SA: Perpendicular to the floor

MA: Ulna (ulnar styloid)

28

Goniometry: Elbow Flexion

SP: Supine with towel

F: Lateral epicondyle

SA: Midline of humerus

MA: Lateral midline of radius (radial styloid)

29

Goniometry: Elbow Extension

SP: Supine with towel

F: Lateral epicondyle

SA: Midline of humerus

MA: Lateral midline of radius (radial styloid)

30

Goniometry: Forearm Pronation

SP: Seated; elbow 90; neutral forearm

F: Laterally & proximally to ulnar styloid process

SA: Parallel to anterior midline of humerus

MA: Parallel to dorsal aspect of forearm