Genes, DNA, and Chormosomes Flashcards Preview

Bio 233 > Genes, DNA, and Chormosomes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Genes, DNA, and Chormosomes Deck (15):
1

A segment of DNA

Gene Product

2

A pair of homologous chromosomes

2 DNA

3

One Chromosome

1 DNA

4

Sub-discipline of Genetics
"Classical"
How traits are transmitted from generation to generation

Transmission Genetics

5

Sub-discipline of Genetics
structure and function of genes and how their expression is regulated on a molecular level.

Molecular Genetics

6

Sub-discipline of Genetics
Analysis of entire genomes

Genomics

7

The set of hereditary information encoded in the DNA of an organism, including both the protein-coding and non-protein-coding sequences.

Genome

8

Genes for phenotypic traits are carried out on chromosomes

Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance

9

Sub-discipline of Genetics
The study of heredity in a large population/ group of individuals.
-one or a few genes are studied

Population Genetics

10

Sub-discipline of Genetics
The study of heredity of polygenic and multifactorial traits in groups of individuals.
ex. determining crop yield, IQ

Quantitative Genetics

11

Many genes

Polygenic

12

Traits influenced by the enviornment

Multifactorial Traits

13

Research that solves a problem in society.
ex. GMO's, Cancer, Materials Chemistry

Applied Research

14

Research that answers a fundamental question of how something works.
ex. how cytosine is methylated

Basic Research

15

In order to serve as a model organism, which of the following is not a necessary characteristic for a species to posses?
a. Genetic variation within the species
b. Easy growth and maintenance
c. Close evolutionary relationship to humans
d. Short reproductive cycle
e. Many offspring from a mating

c. Close evolutionary relationship to humans.