GI/Renal System Flashcards Preview

Physical Assessment > GI/Renal System > Flashcards

Flashcards in GI/Renal System Deck (33):
1

Liver size

6-12 cm

2

children have rounded bellys because and untill

less abdominal musculature and 6yos

3

acid reflux and pregnancy

pyrosis, dur eot pregnancy because baby is pushing on stomach

4

increased venous pressure (during pregnancy can cause)

hemmoriods

5

pregnancy can cause diminished bowel sounds because

intestines have been pushed upwards

6

striae and linea niagra

red then turn silver

7

gastric acid decrease in elderly is caused by

iron deficiency and malabsorption of Ca, and b12 deficiency

8

Lactose intolerance

common in Native americans, AA, asians, mediterraneans

9

IBS and constipation

consider lactose intolerance

10

dysphagia caused by

strictures or CVA

11

hematemesis

bloody emesis

12

melena

GI bleeding (occult blood)

13

greenish black stools

can be due to iron pills

14

red stools

means bleeding is closer to exit

15

grey white stools

build up of fat, causes white/grey stools, malfunctioning of gallbladder/ common bile duct

16

if liver pressure increased

blakemore tube is inserted to release pressure/stop bleeding

17

breast feeding can cause

looser more frequent stool in infants

18

protuberant abdomen can be caused by

fat and liver failure

19

hernia

intestines break through abdomen wall

20

scaphoid abdomen

dipped in below the ribs

21

client demeanor

stillness/guarding
knees flexed, grimacing

22

may see normal aortic pulsation if (in CVA)

patient is extremely thin

23

Borborygmus

hyper peristalsis

24

if patient is under ansthesia you might

not hear bowel sounds

25

heptaomegaly

enlargement of the liver

26

blumbergs sign

push down slowly and deeply and lift up quickly `

27

Murphys sign

inspiratory arrest

28

inflamed galbladder

cholecystitis

29

Psoas muscle test

perioneal inflammartion or apendicitis

30

apendicitis

umbilicus

31

cholecystisis

midepigastric
right scapula

32

pancreatitis

radiates to midepigastric area and in the back

33

cardiac refered pain

pain in jaw/ left arm