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Physical Assessment > Musculoskeletal > Flashcards

Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Deck (43):
1

Long bones lengthen where?

at the epiphyses

2

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Autoimmune disorder

3

Osteoarthritis

Wear and tear DJD

4

Muscular issue symptoms

burning pain and sensations

5

Joint issues

limited motions

6

Bone pain

symptomatic of cancer

7

Subluxation

slight misalignment of vertebrae

8

ankylosis

abnormal stiffening and immobility due to bone fusion

9

joint effusion

abnormal amounts of fluids around the joints

10

crepitus

grading/friction felt between bones

11

Occupations prone to injury

Computers
dentists
nurses

12

Phalen's test

pain when pushing the back of hands together

13

Tinels sign

taping over wrist production of pain numbness or tingling is a positive sign

14

genu varum

outward bowing of the thigh

15

genu valgum

inward bowing of knees

16

bulge sign

fluid waves under the knee when patella is moved

17

ballottement

pushing patella upwards against the femur to feel for excess fluid

18

hallux valgus

(bunion) pain and stiffness in the big toe

19

hammer toes

abnormal bend in the middle joint of the toe

20

scoliosis

abnomal lateral curvature of the spine

21

kyphosis

abnormal thoracic curvature

22

lordosis

abnormal lumbar curvature

23

LaSegues test

Pain with upward motion of the leg in the supine positive, indicative of herniated disc or sciatica

24

Medial wrist pain is common in

golfers

25

lateral wrist pain is common in

tennis players

26

Allis test

bring both knees up and look for a height difference

27

polydactyly

too many digits

28

syndactyly

webbing of digits

29

spina bifida

neural tube defect
abnormal development of a babys spine
tested for after birth (can see some bulging near the spine)

30

Osgood schlatter disease

inflammation of patella and fibia, common in adolescents

31

rotator cuff tears

can't abduct glenohumoral joint

32

adhesive capulitis

frozen shoulder

33

olecranon bursitis

swelling of the bursa in the elbow

34

gouty arthritis

hot and swollen elbow

35

epicondylitis

irritation of the muscle that connects the forearm to the elbow
Lateral epicondylitis- tennis
Medial epicondylitis- golfers

36

Ganglion Cyst

pain in the wrist shouldn't hurt but it can press on a nerve

37

thenar eminence

muscles in the hands in pain due to carpal tunnel

38

Synovitis, Bursitis, Tenosynovitis

all due to overuse

39

Gout

due to increased levels of uric acid
due to familial traits
high consumptions of organ meat
high consumptions of alcohol

40

Tophus

deposits of crystalline uric acid crystals at the surface of joints/muscles/skins

41

goniometer

degree of flexion, used by PTs and OTs

42

Rheumatoid

Autoimmune disorder
Swan necking
ulnar deviation
boutonniere deformities
proximal interphalangeal (fusiform spindal shaped nodules)

43

Osteoarthritis

Degenerative joint disorder
Heberdens nodes and Bouchard nodes (bony overgrowth)
Distal interphalangeal