Reproductive system Flashcards Preview

Physical Assessment > Reproductive system > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reproductive system Deck (38):
1

tail of spence

upper outer quadrent of breast

2

fibrous tissue in breast

coopers ligament

3

tanner staging

sexual maturity rating, breasts, and bodily pubic hair develop

4

gynecomastia in adolescents

temporary and unilateral, use of anabolic steroids, some medications

5

breast cancer non modifiable risk factors

female over 50
BRCA1/BRCA2 gene mutation
atypical hyperplasia
menses before 12 and menopause after 50
hx of cancer/ 1st degree relative with cancer
white race
breast irradiation

6

lifestyle risk factors for breast cancer

nulliparity 1st child pc 30
HRT long term
ETOH> 2-5 drinks daily
inactivity
oral contraceptices
not breastfeeding
high fat diet and obesity

7

mastaglia

cyclic pain, common

8

galactorrhea

nipple discharge, clear
serious if discharge is bloody

9

augmentation

plastic surgery/ implants

10

when inspecting the breast

inspect for asymmetry, and sudden increase

11

skin

pigmentation, redness, heat lesions, striae, edema (peau d'orange)

12

lymphatics,

axillary, supraclavicular, edema, bulging, discoloration

13

nipples

deviation, retraction, inversion (recent), bleeding, drying, supernumerary, dimpling, puckering, lag

14

if scrorum does not have rugae it is dt

inflammation or tumors

15

cryptorchidism

undescended testies, risk for cancer increases, even with surgical correction, common in premies

16

circumcision prevents

phimosis and inflammation, and cancer of the penis

17

poly uria

excessive

18

oliguria

diminished

19

anuria

no void

20

nocturia

awakening during night to urinate

21

phimosis

inability to retract foreskin

22

paraphimosis

inability to return skin over the glans

23

epispadias

dorsal position of the meatus

24

smegma

dirt under the foreskin

25

cryptorchidism

temporary migration or true absences

26

varicocele

pulliing, dragging, dull pain, due to varicose veins in spermatic cord

27

spermatocele

retention cyst in epididymis (painless)

28

hydrocele

serous fluid retention, bulky heavy scrotum

29

testicular torsion

excruciating testicular pain sudden twisting of spermatic cord, rare after age 20

30

scrotal hernia

swelling, pain with straining

31

orchitis

acute inflammation of testes

32

hernias

indirect, most common. infants and males 16-20 yo

33

melena (occult blood)

black tarry, GI bleed
non-tarry dt iron medication
tested for

34

red blood

gi, local, cancers, hemorrhoids

35

clay colored stools

absent bile

36

steatorrhea

excessive fat in stools

37

PSA

Prostate specific antigen, discuss screening after age 50.
white males, after age 40
black males, after age 50

38

Pruitis

itching of rectum in children, dt pinworms