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Flashcards in Immune System Deck (74):
1

facial features of someone with down syndrome

ears are higher than the inner canthus of the eye

2

prearicular lymph node

drains temporal area, lateral surface of the ear, lateral parts of eyelids

3

submandibular/submaxillary node

drains mouth, lower incisor, gum and lip

4

buccal node

drains submandibular group

5

retropharyngeal

drains pharynx

6

submental

floor of mouth

7

occipital

occipital region/ back of head and higher neck

8

superficial cervical

hard pallate

9

deep cervical/ posterior cervical

drains back of neck

10

supraclavicular

mediumstinum, lungs, esophogus

11

lymphatics are developed by age

adult size by 6
full size by 10-11

12

lymphatics and pregnancy

thyroid enlarges dt hyperplasia and increased vascularity

13

edentia

no teeth

14

Kiesselbiegels plexus

area of blood vessels for nose bleeds

15

turbinates

clean/warm/moisten air

16

frenulum

attaches tounge to floor, check for cancerous sores

17

epistaxis

nose bleeds

18

hyperemic

gums may bleed

19

bifid uvula

(split uvula) native americans, asians

20

cleft palate. cleft lips

Native americans, asians

21

torus palatinis

bony ridge middle of the hard palate (native americans/ asians/ inuits)

22

rhinorrhea

runny nose

23

sprays can cause a

rebound effect, now patient cant stop using them

24

delayed teeth eruption is a sign of

down syndrome

25

preventing ear infections while bottle/breast feeding

prop baby up at a 30 degree angle so there is no drainage into the eustachian tubes

26

xerostomia

dry mouth caused by atrophy of salivary glands

27

rhinitis

mucosa swollen and bright red, also discharge

28

polyps

beniegn growths in sinus

29

cherry red mouth

posioning

30

circumoral pallor

anemia or shock

31

tetracycline and iron can cause change in

teeth and gums coloration

32

a common spot for mouth cancer

under the tounge

33

saying "ahhhhh" does what?

palate and uvula will raise, which checks cranial nerves

34

white patches that do not scratch of the tounge

leukoplakia
suspect carcinoma

35

eliciting gage reflex does what?

checks cranial nerves

36

halitosis

bad breath

37

fruity breath

normally caused by diabetes

38

ammonia breath

liver issues/failure

39

cochlea intervated by

cranial nerve VII

40

air conduction is

the best medium and most common medium for sound

41

bone conduction

vibrations travel through bone to the inner ear

42

obstruction

cerumen, foreign body, ruptured by tympanic membrane, serum, ups

43

mass loading

fluid in middle ear

44

stiffness effect

otosclerosis (ossicles harden)

45

discontinuity

ossicular disruption, normally caused by trauma

46

ototoxicity

caused by Gentamyacin, ASA, lasik

47

neural hearing loss

lesion of CN VIII caused by:
acoustic neuroma (benign tumor of the middle ear)
MS (young person)
CVA

48

increasing amplitude may not

may not always increase the ability to understand words

49

color of tympanic membrane

pearly grey

50

impacted cerum

common loss of hearing, build up due to swimming and showering, it expands then impacts

51

external otitus media

discharge is purulent, sanguineous or watery

52

perferation

pain then popping sensation then drainage

53

tinnitus

ringing noise, Mineres disease or hearing loss

54

if mother had ____, _____, or _____ can cause hearing issues

Rubella
Syphilis
otoxic meds (major diuretics, ASA, gentamyocin)

55

PMH

include medication Hx

56

FH

otosclerosis common loss of hearing (ages 20-40)

57

Macrotia

large ears

58

microtia

small ears

59

tophi

small yellow whitish ears hard non tender nodules, sign of gout

60

sebaceous cysts

blocked sebaceous glands

61

keloid

overgrowth of scare tissue

62

carcinoma

ulcerated crusted nodule with induration (caused by sun exposure)

63

atresia

absence of closure of ear canal

64

adult assessment

pull pinna up back and out

65

child assessment

pull pinna back and down

66

look of tympanic membrane

shiny translucent positive pearly grey with light reflex

67

tympanostomy tubes

should fall out on own, stops ear infections

68

newborns

moro reflex (startle reflex)

69

3-4 months old

acuostic blink reflex

70

6-8 months old

turns head towards sound

71

AC and BC with tuning fork

AC louder than BC is normal

72

Webers test

hear better in one ear indicates loss in one ear

73

Rinnes test

AC>BC 2x longer than hearing at mastoid

74

Romberg

assesses inner ear, close your eyes and hold hands out and stand with out swaying