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Ophthalmology > Glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Glossary Deck (25):
1

Age Related Macular Degeneration

The commonest cause of UK blindness
Characterized by atrophic changes to the macula

2

Astigmatism

The eye has different optical powers in different axes
(More like a rugby ball than a football)

3

Blepharitis

Inflammation of the eyelids

4

Blow Out Fracture

Fracture of the orbital wall due to increased pressure inside the orbit (blunt trauma)
Orbital Rim remains intact

5

Cataract

Opacity of the lens of the eye

6

Conjunctivitis

Inflammation of the conjunctiva

7

Cotton Wool Spot (Soft Exudate)

Small area of retinal infarction
Pale, fluffy lesion in retina

8

Episcleritis

Inflammation of the episclera

9

Estropia (Converging squint)

Squint in which the eyes turn inwards

10

Flame Shaped Haemorrhage

Haemorrhage on the superficial retina (nerve fibre layer)

11

Glaucoma

A group of conditions where optic cupping/atrophy and field loss occur most commonly due to high intraocular pressure
Group of disorders characterised by progressive damage to the optic nerve which manifests as visual loss
Most commonly associated with raised IOP

12

Guttae (g)

Drops

13

Hard Exudate

Leakage of lipid into the retina

14

Hordeolum Externa

Stye
Inflammatory focus centered on lash follicle

15

Hypermetropia

Long sightedness
Image is focused behind the retina

16

Hyphaema

Blood in the anterior chamber

17

Hypopyon

Pus in the anterior chamber

18

Myopia

Short sightedness
Image is focused before the retina

19

Keratitis

Inflammation of the cornea

20

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca

Dry Eye

21

Oculentum (OC)

Ointment

22

Papilloedema

Swelling of the optic disc due to raised intra-cranial pressure

23

Presbyopia

Reduced accommodation (near focus) due to increasing age
Glasses required for reading

24

Scleritis

Inflammation of the Sclera

25

Squint

Deviation of one eye
- Inwards
- Outwards
- Upwards
- Downwards