Grammar Chp. 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Grammar Chp. 8 Deck (14):
1

Demonstrative pronouns

Is, ea, Id

Hic, haec, hoc

Ille, Illa, illud

2

Relative pronoun without an antecedent

Instead of saying "he who, etc" or "whoever" Latin sometimes has just "who"

Ex: qui tabernam habet, tabernarius est.

3

Ablative of means

The preposition is left out, when the action is done by something other than a person--like an object or animal.

Feminae ornamentis delectantur

4

Interrogative adjective

Qui servus? --What/which slave

Quae ancilla? --What/which slave-woman?

These interrogative pronouns are adjectives in this case because they seek a description of the noun, like which of the slaves, or which slave women?

5

Correlatives: tantus quantus

"As big as"

The other two correlatives learned so far are: tam. . .quam meaning "as as"

6

Quam used in exclamations means:

How

"O, quam pulchra sunt illa ornamenta"

7

Ablative of price:

With the verbs emit, vendit, and constat (verbs of buying, selling, price) the price of something will be in the ablative: so if something costs 30 coins, then that price "nummi" will be in the ablative

8

Dative used with the indirect object: what key word signals the use of the dative?

The direct object takes the accusative, while the indirect object takes the dative.

Just like "of" signals for the genitive, "to" signals for the dative

9

Is, ea, id can not only be used as pronouns but also as;

As pronoun adjectives,

Is servus --> this servant

10

3rd conjugation "I-stems": accipit and aspicit will use what ending in the plural?

They will use the 4th conjugation ending of "iunt" but otherwise behave like 3rd conjugation verbs

11

Which part of the sentence uses the dative?

The direct object uses the accusative whereas.....

The indirect object uses the dative !!!!!!!

12

Point of style: convenit, meaning "suit" or "fit"

Is what kind of verb? Transitive or intransitive?

What preposition does it go with?

How is it different than using the verb "fit" in English?

It is an intransitive verb in Latin, so it uses the preposition "ad" meaning "to."

In English, "fit" is a transitive verb, but since it is intransitive in Latin then we need to have the preposition "to" to denote what the action refers to.

13

The interrogative pronoun looks the same as the interrogative adjective except in which two cases? And how are the cases different?

Quis (pronoun),
qui (adjective)

Quid (pronoun),
quod (adjective)

14

What does tantum mean?

Only