Growth and Development Flashcards Preview

MD 3 - Paeds > Growth and Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Growth and Development Deck (53):
1

gross motor: what should i be able to do by 18 months

run and jump

2

At what age should it warrant referral for failure to walk unaided

18 months

3

at what age do you pass things through the midline

~6 months

4

when do children begin to have imaginative play

4.5-5

5

when should children be able to feed themselves with a spoon, and a fork

spoon - 2.5 years
fork - 3 years

6

fine motor/vision: what should I be able to do by 18 months

build tower of 4 bricks

7

when should children understand prepositions

2.5 years

8

what causes the majority of intellectual disability

prenatal conditions - such as TORCH infections or foetal alcohol syndrome

9

order of drawing on a page as a child

scribbles --> vertical line --> horizontal line --> circle --> cross --> square --> triangle/person

10

at what age do you start to get a pincer grip

~9 months --> properly by 10m

11

at what age should you start to roll over

6 months

12

when should children be able to understand complex instructions

4.5 years

13

when should children be able to point to body parts

15 months

14

average weight gain per week in a 3-6 month old child

100-150g/week

15

gross motor: what should i be able to do by 9 months

stands holding on
straight back sitting

16

fine motor/vision: what should I be able to do by 3 years

draw a circle
build a bridge with bricks
single cuts with scissors
turns one page of book at a time

17

At what age should it warrant referral for failure to put two words together

24 months

18

fine motor/vision: what should I be able to do by 4 years

draw a cross
build tower with 12 blocks
cuts paper in half

19

what IQ is historically classified as intellectual disability

Less than 70

20

average weight gain per week in a 6-12 month old child

70-90g/week

21

fine motor/vision: what should I be able to do by 6 months

palmar grasp
transfer hand to hand

22

gross motor: what should i be able to do by 6 months

sit without support
rolls prone to supine

23

gross motor: what should i be able to do by 4 years

walks upstairs/downstairs in an adult manner

24

DDx for language developmental delay

Hearing loss
Autism
global developmental delay
neglect
learning disability
cleft lip
CP - incoordination

25

what comes first? rolling prone to supine or supine to prone

prone to supine

26

what is the technical definition of FTT

Weight less than 3rd percentile
Weight drop of 2 or more percentile tracks

27

average weight gain per week in a 0-3 month old child

150-200g/week

28

at what age do babies show object permanence

9 months

29

fine motor/vision: what should I be able to do by 6 weeks

tracks object/faces

30

when should i be able to draw a square and triangle

square - 4.5 years
triangle - 5 years

31

order of gross motor skills

head control --> sit --> stand --> walk --> run and jump --> throws ball --> kicks ball --> hops --> walks upstairs properly

32

fine motor/vision: what should I be able to do by 12 months

neat pincer grip
build tower of 2 bricks

33

gross motor: what should i be able to do by 6 weeks

raises head when prone
stabilises when when raised to sitting position

34

what is cerebral palsy

a group of disorders that are all have a NON-PROGRESSIVE central MOTOR impairment that occurred in the developing or infant brain

35

fine motor/vision: what should I be able to do by 2.5 years

draw a horizontal line

36

when do children begin to share toys with friends

3 years

37

gross motor: what should i be able to do by 2.5 years

run tiptoe
walks upstairs (both feet on one step)
throws ball

38

when should children understand negatives

3 years

39

when should children understand comparitives

3.5 years

40

3 key questions to ask the parents to understand the social development of a child

eating
toileting
playing

41

definition of precocious puberty in males and females

females - breast development or pubic hair growth before 7
males - sexual development before 9

42

gross motor: what should i be able to do by 3 years

hops on one foot for 3 steps
walks upstairs one foot per step
downstairs two feet per step

43

fine motor/vision: what should I be able to do by 2 years

draw a vertical line
build tower of 8 bricks
puzzles
turns several pages of book at a time

44

order of speech development in a child

Babbling → point to mummy → body parts → name and age and colours → preposition (on/under) → understand negatives → comparatives (bigger or smaller) → complex instructions

45

which signs on examination point towards CP in childhood

early hand dominance
weakness

46

at what age should you start to show hand dominance

AFTER 12 months

47

definition of overweight and obesity in children

overweight = BMI between 85-95th percentile
obese = BMI >95th percentile

48

gross motor: what should i be able to do by 12 months

walk alone

49

fine motor/vision: what should I be able to do by 9 months

inferior pincer grip
object permanence

50

when is premature thelarche normal

age less than 2 - expected to regress spontaneously

51

fine motor/vision: what should I be able to do by 3.5 years

cuts pieces with scissors

52

which signs on examination point towards CP in an infant

stiff/floppy baby
weak suck
persistence and exacerbation of moro reflex
absent Landau reflex
assymetric parachute reflex

53

at what age should you be able to sit with and without support

with - 3 months
without - 6 months