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Flashcards in kidneys Deck (11):
1

management of nephrotic syndrome

prednisolone
phenoxymethylpenicillin (to cover for strep infection)
aspirin

2

treatment of HUS

supportive
DO NOT give steroids or antibiotics

3

what is nephritic syndrome

glomerulonephritis leading to haematuria

4

definition of nephrotic syndrome

- proteinuria >40mg/m2 per hour
- generalised oedema
- hypo-albuminaemia
- hypercholesterolaemia

5

definition of proteinuria

- 24 hour collection of >150mg/day
- spot collection of protein:creatinine

6

what is the commonest cause of nephrotic syndrome in children

minimal change disease

7

complications of nephrotic syndrome

sepsis
symptomatic hypovolaemia
symptomatic oedema (eg. pleural effusions)
thromboembolism

8

definition of haemolytic uraemic syndrome

simultaneous occurrence of the triad of:
- non-immune microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia
- thrombocytopaenia
- acute renal injury
Caused by Shiga toxin

9

what test is diagnostic of HUS

shistocytes on peripheral blood smear

10

first clinical sign of nephrotic syndrome

oedema - usually of the face

11

age range of majority of patients that get minimal change disease

2-10