Oncology and haematology Flashcards Preview

MD 3 - Paeds > Oncology and haematology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Oncology and haematology Deck (13):
1

most common site for neuroblastoma to occur

adrenal gland

2

signs of leukaemia in children

- BM infiltration (anaemia, thrombocytopaenia, neutropaenia, skeletal pain, bony tenderness)
- B symptoms
- organ infiltration
- leukostasis

3

which leukaemia has Auer rods

AML

4

most common clinical presentation for a Wilm's tumour

asymptomatic, unilateral abdominal mass

5

risk factors for iron deficiency anaemia

- Diet
- Early cord clamping
- Low birth weight
- Parasitic infection
- Absorptive disorders
- Prematurity (before 3rd trimester)
- Excess cows milk
- Multiples

6

equation to work out tissue oxygen delivery

CO x Hb x %saturation x 1.34

7

clinical presentation of retinoblastoma

leukocoria
strabismus

8

3 medical emergencies of leukaemia

DIC
leukostasis
febrile neutropaenia

9

what is the most common cancer occuring in the first year of life

neuroblastoma

10

which ages have the highest incidence of leukaemia in children

2-5 years

11

what will a peripheral blood smear show in thalassaemia

homochromic microcytic anaemia
basophilic stippling
abnormally shaped RBC

12

what should you warn parents of before starting iron supplementation

teeth staining
constipation
abdominal pain

13

common age for Wilm's tumour (nephroblastoma)

2-5