Flashcards in Guinea Pigs Deck (34):
Do guinea pigs teeth continuously grow?
what is the dental formula?
2( I 1/1 P 1/1 M 3/3 )
where are the sebacious glands located on a guinea pig?
how many mammary glands do guinea pigs have?
when is a good time to have baby guinea pigs?
less than 7 months old when the pubic symphasis is not completely fused
what does precocious mean?
born completely formed
how high should the walls be in a cage?
10 inches high
what type of bedding do they like?
shredded paper, wood shavings, soft grass
what should the temperature be?
what type of material should not be used for cages?
wire mesh, can cause sores on feet
can guinea pigs handle cold or hot temps better?
what type of eater is a guinea pigs?
what should a guinea pigs diet consist of?
freshly milled, properly stored pellets, druits, vegtables, hay
do guinea pigs require Vitamin C?
how can you provide vitamin C?
in their water, in their pellets, fuits and vegtables with high vitamin C (kiwi, oranges, Kale, Parsle, brocoli)
what is slobers?
maloclusion, overgrowth of premolar and molar teeth. genetic
what can cause slobers?
genetics, diet, trauma, infection
what are signs of clobers?
anorexia, cannot swallow, salivation
what is scurvy?
vitamin C deficiency, lack the enzyme necessary to produce vit C in the body
what can scurvy lead to?
swollen joints, lamness, bleeding gums/loose teeth/ malocclusion, weakness, anorexia, diarrhea, rough hair coat
what causes most bacterial infections?
bordetella bronchiseptica and streptococcus pneumoniae
what can make a bird more suceptable to respiratory bacterial infections?
what are the signs of a respiratory infection/
depression, anorexia, sneezing, nasal and ocular discharge and dysnapea
how do you treat respiratory bacterial infections?
what is antibiotic induced diarrhea?
GI tract populated by mostly G(+)
what can cause antibiotic induced diarrhea?
penicillin and cephalosporins
how do you treat antibiotic induced diarrhea?
broad spectrum antibiotics, IV fluids, and yogurt
What is cervical lymphadenitis?
enlargment of cervical lymph nodes caused by a bacterial infection
what causes cervical lymphadenitis?
streptococcus zooepidemicus entering the body through an oral abrasion
what can cervical lymphanditis lead to?
pneumonia and septicemia
how do you treat cervical lymphenditis?
surgical draainage and antibiotics
what is the most signifigant parasite in an external parisite infection?
sarcoptid trixacarus caviae
what can the parasite sarcoptid trixacarus caviae cause?
puritis, alopecia and skin trauma (dry scaling, crusting dermatitis seen over the shoulders, inner thiegh, abdomen