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Flashcards in Guinea Pigs Deck (34):
1

Do guinea pigs teeth continuously grow?

yes

2

what is the dental formula?

2( I 1/1 P 1/1 M 3/3 )

3

where are the sebacious glands located on a guinea pig?

on rump

4

how many mammary glands do guinea pigs have?

2

5

when is a good time to have baby guinea pigs?

less than 7 months old when the pubic symphasis is not completely fused

6

what does precocious mean?

born completely formed

7

how high should the walls be in a cage?

10 inches high

8

what type of bedding do they like?

shredded paper, wood shavings, soft grass

9

what should the temperature be?

65-79F

10

what type of material should not be used for cages?

wire mesh, can cause sores on feet

11

can guinea pigs handle cold or hot temps better?

cold

12

what type of eater is a guinea pigs?

herbivores

13

what should a guinea pigs diet consist of?

freshly milled, properly stored pellets, druits, vegtables, hay

14

do guinea pigs require Vitamin C?

yes

15

how can you provide vitamin C?

in their water, in their pellets, fuits and vegtables with high vitamin C (kiwi, oranges, Kale, Parsle, brocoli)

16

what is slobers?

maloclusion, overgrowth of premolar and molar teeth. genetic

17

what can cause slobers?

genetics, diet, trauma, infection

18

what are signs of clobers?

anorexia, cannot swallow, salivation

19

what is scurvy?

vitamin C deficiency, lack the enzyme necessary to produce vit C in the body

20

what can scurvy lead to?

swollen joints, lamness, bleeding gums/loose teeth/ malocclusion, weakness, anorexia, diarrhea, rough hair coat

21

what causes most bacterial infections?

bordetella bronchiseptica and streptococcus pneumoniae

22

what can make a bird more suceptable to respiratory bacterial infections?

stress

23

what are the signs of a respiratory infection/

depression, anorexia, sneezing, nasal and ocular discharge and dysnapea

24

how do you treat respiratory bacterial infections?

antibiotics

25

what is antibiotic induced diarrhea?

GI tract populated by mostly G(+)

26

what can cause antibiotic induced diarrhea?

penicillin and cephalosporins

27

how do you treat antibiotic induced diarrhea?

broad spectrum antibiotics, IV fluids, and yogurt

28

What is cervical lymphadenitis?

enlargment of cervical lymph nodes caused by a bacterial infection

29

what causes cervical lymphadenitis?

streptococcus zooepidemicus entering the body through an oral abrasion

30

what can cervical lymphanditis lead to?

pneumonia and septicemia

31

how do you treat cervical lymphenditis?

surgical draainage and antibiotics

32

what is the most signifigant parasite in an external parisite infection?

sarcoptid trixacarus caviae

33

what can the parasite sarcoptid trixacarus caviae cause?

puritis, alopecia and skin trauma (dry scaling, crusting dermatitis seen over the shoulders, inner thiegh, abdomen

34

What are six common medical problems in guinea pigs?

Malocclusion, scurvy, respites bacterial infections, antibiotic induced diarrhea, cervical lymphadenitis, external parasitism