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Flashcards in Ferrets Deck (51):
0

What is the scientific name for ferrets?

Mustela putorious furo

1

How long have ferrets been used as a working per?

Since 4bc

2

What are five other animals in the same family ferrets?

Mink, skunk, otter, weasel, badger

3

Where do ferrets get their smell from?

Anal sacs and sebaceous glands

4

What is a ferrets dentition?

I3/3 c1/1 p3/4 m1/2

5

How come ferrets have a limited ability to digest food?

They have a short GI tract

6

How long is the estrus cycle?

As long as it takes to be bred or until the end f the season

7

How much will their body weight change over the year?

30-40%

8

When will they gain weight?

In fall

9

When will ferrets loos weight?

Spring

10

How do ferrets release heat?

Panting

11

What type of area do ferrets like to sleep in?

Dark enclosed spaces

12

What type of eater are ferrets?

Cadnivorous

13

What type of diet do ferrets need?

High protien, fat, low fiber

14

What should a ferret diet contain?

30-35% protien and 20-30% fat

15

What are two vaccines that should be given to ferrets?

Distemper and rabies

16

When should a ferret be vaccinated for distemper?

6-8 weeks

17

How often should distemper be repeated at the beginning?

Every three weeks until 14-16 weeks old

18

How often should distemper be repeated for the rest of their lives?

Yearly

19

When should a ferret be vaccinated for rabies?

14-16 weeks old

20

How often should rabies vaccine be done?

Yearly

21

What is adrenal gland disease in ferrets?

High levels of adrenal hormones produced by a tumor or a hyper plastic adrenal gland

22

What age are ferrets effected by adrenal gland disease?

Middle age to older ferrets

23

What present of tumors in ferrets are adrenal tumors?

~25%

24

What are four theories behind adrenal gland disease?

Early neutering, diet, light cycle, and genetics

25

What are four symptoms of adrenal gland disease?

Symmetric slope via on rump, tail, abdomen. Priorities, vulvar enlargement, dusuria

26

What are three ways to diagnose adrenal gland disease?

Signs, ultrasound, and hormone assay

27

What are three ways of treating adrenal gland disease?

gnRH agonists (leuprolide or deslorelin), and melatonin implant, surgical removal

28

What is insulinoma?

Cancerous tumor involving the insulin producing beta cells in the pancrease

29

What age are ferrets effected by insulinoma?

Middle aged to older

30

How many tumors are because of insulinoma?

25%

31

What are six signs of insulinoma?

Lethargy, weakness, ataxia, paresis, seizures, coma

32

What is the third most cmon neoplasm and the most common malignancy?

Lymphoma

33

What are six symptoms of lymphoma?

Enlarged lymph nodes, lethargy, anorexia, weightloss, visceral invasion, and organ failure

34

What is hypererstrogenism?

Abnormally high estrogen level in the body of intact female

35

What can hypererstrogenism lead to?

Bone marrow suppression

36

What are 7 signs of hypererstrogenism?

Lethargy, weakness, enlarged vulva, alopecia of tail/abdomen, pale mucous membranes, pinpoint hemorrhage a, bloody stool

37

How do you diagnose hypererstrogenism?

Hostory, signs, PVC, CBC

38

How is distemper transmitted?

Aerosolized virus or body fluids from infected

39

What are 7 symptoms of distemper?

Rash on chin, anus, or inguinal area. Anorexia, fever, mucho purulent nasal/ocular discharge, hyper keratosis of footpads, coughing, CNS abnormalities

40

What are three CNS abnormalities of distemper?

Ataxia, torticollis, nystagmus

41

What virus has human strains that can effect ferrets?

Influenza

42

What are 2 symptoms of the flu?

Sneezing and runny eyes/nose

43

What can cause urolithiasis?

Struvite urolithiasis can occur with inadequate diet

44

What type of external parasite is common in ferrets?

Ear mites and fleas

45

What are three ways to hold a ferret?

Scruffiness, hand over back, light restraint on table

46

How much does a Jill weigh?

1-2.5 lbs

47

How much does a jobs weigh?

2.5-4.5 lbs

48

What is the average body length?

30-40cm

49

What is the heart rate of a ferret?

180-250

50

What is the respiration if a ferret?

30-33