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Flashcards in Rabbits Deck (44):
0

What is a rabbits dental formula?

2(I2/1 c0/0 p3/2 m3/3)

1

Do rabbits teeth continually grow?

Yes

2

How much body surface do rabbits ears make up?

12%

3

What part of a rabbit is highly vascular?

Ears

4

Are rabbits omnivore, herbivores, or carnivores?

Herbavores

5

Describe the male reproductive anatomy 3

Hairless scrotum
Crainial to penis
Open inguinal rings

6

Describe the female reproductive system 4

No uterine body
Two horns
Two crevices
Induced ovulators

7

What do rabbits excrete in their urine?

Calcium carbonate crystals

8

What do rabbits use to mark their territory?

Chin, inguinal, and anal glands

9

What is a rabbits behavior?

Very terratorial

10

What are the five things rabbits require in their diet?

Protien, carbs, vitamins and minerals, insoluble fiber

11

Why do rabbits need insoluble fiber in their diets? 3

Prevents diarrhea, obesity, and hair ball formation

12

What is the recommended pet diet?

1/4 cup rabbit pellets/5lbs of body weight
Grass hay free fed
Small amount of fresh vegies

13

What teeth are most often involved with malocclusion?

Incisor teeth

14

What are two things that most often cause malocclusion?

Genetics and trauma

15

What are the clinical signs of disease caused by trauma to soft tissues?

Salivation, dysphagia, anorexia, wt. loss

16

What is gastric stasis syndrome?

Decreased GI motility leading to dis tension of stomach with ingesta

17

What is gastric stasis syndrome associated with?

Inadequate dietary fiber and stress

18

What are the 3 clinical signs of gastric stasis syndrome?

Anorexia, dough like mass in abdomen, decreased fecal pellets

19

What are the four ways of treatment for gastric stasis syndrome?

Fluids, analgesic administration, GI pro kinetics, antibiotics

20

What bacteria can cause diarrhea in young rabbits less than 6 month sold?

Eimeria spp. Coccidia

21

What are four predisposing factors that can cause bacterial diarrhea?

Fiber content is to low
Sudden dietary change
Stress
Antibiotics that attach G(+)

22

What are two treatments for diarrhea?

Fluid administration and antibiotic (metronidazole)

23

What is snuffles/pasteurellosis?

Respiratory tract infection

24

What causes pasteurellosis?

Pasteurellosis multocida

25

How is pasteurellosis transmitted?

Aerosol, direct contact, fomites

26

Was is pasteurellosis multicoda?

Pathogenic bacteria that causes pasteurillosis

27

When does pasteurellosis normally occur?

In stressed rabbits

28

What are 8 symptoms of pasteurellosis?

Nasal and ocular discharge, snuffling, sneezing, matted fur on face and pads, head tilt, pneumonia, abscess

29

How is pasteurellosis treated?

Antibiotics

30

What is torticollis or wryneck?

Head tilt

31

What are two types of mites?

Psoroptes cuniculi and cheyletiella parasitovarax

32

What does psoroptes cuniculi cause?

Inflammation and crusting of the external ear canal

33

What will a rabbit do with psoroptes cuniculi do?

Shake it's head and scratch at its ears

34

How would you treat psoroptes cuniculi ? 3

Topical insecticidal suspension, spot on selamectin, and ivermectin SQ

35

What does cheyletiella parasitovorax cause? 2

Excessive skin flaking, clumps of hair loss from rump area and dorsal body trunk

36

How do you diagnose cheyletiella parasitovorax?

Skin scraping

37

How do you treat cheyletiella parasitovorax? 3

Treat w/ topical insecticides, spot on selamectin, and ivermectin SQ.

38

What temp and humidity does it need to be for a rabbit to overheat?

>85F, >70%

39

What are four factors that can cause heat stroke?

Ex poseur to direct sunlight, poor ventilation, no access to water, obese/heavily furred rabbit.

40

What are 3 clinical signs of heat stroke?

Enlarged blood vessels in the ear, panting, >105F

41

What will happen to a rabbit with a 105F? 3

Prostration, cyanosis, death

42

How do you treat heat stroke?

Sprawling with water, dip in lukewarm bath, wrap in dampened cloth

43

How Do you prevent heat stroke? 5

Shade, ventilation, frozen water bottle, clip fur, prevent obesity.