Flashcards in Gyn Pathology II Deck (36):
What is internal endometriosis called?
Adenomyosis (glands in the myometrium)
What is the most common visceral tumor in women?
What are main symptoms of leiomyomas?
Acute pelvic pain
White, rubbery nodules in intramural uterus?
Treatment for leiomyoma?
Handball, rubbery toughness with gross necrosis and hemorrhage?
Most common fallopian tube pathology?
Salpingitis +/- abscess due to PID
What are the most common tubal neoplasias?
Adenomatoid tumor (benign)
What gene is implicated in tubal carcinoma?
BRCA 1, 2
Most of the time when you feel a pelvic lump on ovary, what is it?
Follicle or corpus luteal cyst
Inflammation of the ovary?
Almost always PID
How many women have PCOS?
What endocrine problems are associated with PCOS?
What are the four origins of ovarian tumors?
Ovarian surface (Mullerian) epithelium
Sex cord/stromal cells
How can ovarian neoplasms present?
Incidental adnexal mass
Chronic pelvic compression
Chronic sex steroid access
Atypical cells on cytology
If epithelial ovarian tumors are bilateral, what is it? If unilateral?
If a "borderline" tumor, what does it look like?
If you cut into an ovarian cyst and see papillations, what are you thinking about?
What is the commonest cause of GYN cancer death in the USA
What is the most common type of ovarian carcinoma if diagnosed at an advanced stage?
What serum marker is increased in ovarian cancer patients?
Where do borderline tumors often present?
Mostly in epithelium of ovary
30% extra-ovarian (peritoneal)
If mucinous tumor of the ovary, what is a very common source?
Most common neoplasia in females 10-30 yrs in age?
Mature cystic teratoma
What is often seen as a part of a mature cystic teratoma?
skin, hair, teeth, intestine, bronchus, bone, everything wowthisisdisgusting
Are mature cystic teratomas mostly benign or malignant?
What is the most common malignant germ cell tumor?
What are the most common presenting symptoms for malignant germ cell tumors?
HCG excess sx
How many dysterminomas behave aggressively?
What is the male equivalent of dysgerminoma?
What is the worst germ cell tumor in women?
Non-dysgerminoma germ cell tumors
If you see sertoli/leydig cells or granulosa cells on tumor slide, what is it?
Sex cord stromal tumors
What is the most common sex cord stromal tumor?
Presenting symptoms of sex cord/stromal tumors?
Pelvic displacement, precocious puberty
What is the commonest cause of neoplastic estrogen excess?
Granulosa cell tumor