Head, Face and Neck book slides Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Head, Face and Neck book slides Deck (36):
1

A fracture of the cribriform plate is associated with an injury to which cranial nerve

Cranial Nerve I-Olfactory

2

Direct trauma to the orbit, fracture to the obital canal or pressure on the optic pathway are associated with an injury to which cranial nerve injury

Cranial nerve II-Optic

3

Pressure from herniating uncus on nerve, fracture involving cavernous sinus or an aneurysm is associated with an injury to which cranial nerve injury

Cranial Nerve III=Oculomotor

4

Stretching of the nerve during it's course around the brainstem and fractured orbit is associated with an injury to which cranial nerve

Cranial Nerve IV-Trochlear

5

Injury to terminal branches in root of maxillary sinus is associated with injury to which cranial nerve

Cranial Nerve V-Trigeminal

6

A lesion at the base of the brain or a fracture involving cavernous sinus or orbit involves injury to which cranial nerve

Cranial nerve VI-Abducens

7

Which CN would be involved with a tumor of nerve(acoustic neuroma)

Cranial Nerve VIII-Vestibulocochlear

8

Which Cranial nerves would be associated with a lesion to the brain stem or a deep neck laceration

Cranial nerves: IX-glossopharangeal, X-Vagus,

9

Which cranial nerve would be affected with a laceration to the neck

XI-accessory

10

Which cranial nerve would be affected with a neck laceration or basal skull fracture

XII-hypoglossal

11

What is Anosmia

loss of smell

12

What is anosmia generally associated with

upper respiratory infections, sinus disease and head trauma

13

Double vision or Diplopia is associated with injury to which Nerve?

Trochlear

14

Which bones make up the calvaria

Frontal. parietal and occipital

15

What is the intersection between the frontal and nasal bones called

nasion

16

Which suture seperates the frontal and parietal bones

Coronal suture

17

Which suture seperates the parietal bones

Sagittal suture

18

Which suture seperates the parietal and temporal bones from the occipital bone

lambda suture

19

What is bregma

craniometric landmark formed by the intersection of coronal and sagittal sutures

20

What is the sella turcica

a bony structure formation on the upper surface of the body of the sphenoid, surrounded by anterior and posterior clinoid processes

21

Where is the superior orbital fissure located

between the greater and lesser wings, opens anteriorly

22

where is the foreamen rotundum

posterior to medial end of superior orbital fissue,

23

what and where is the foreamen ovale

large foreamen posterolateral to foreamen rotundum, open inferiorly to infratemporal fossa

24

What and where is the foreamen spinosum

located lateral to foreamen ovale, also opens inferiorly into infratemporal fossa

25

Which cranial fossa houses the cerebellum, pons and medulla oblongata

posterior cranial fossa

26

Which fossa houses the inferior and anterior parts of the frontal lobes

anterior cranial fossa

27

What can you find in the middle cranial fossa

sells turcica and large depressed lateral parts on the sphenoid on each side

28

Which cranial fossa is the deepest

Posterior Cranial fossa

29

Which facial bone was once called the Malar bone

zygomatic bone

30

What is it called when a surgeon removes a bone flap in the skull and then replaces it

craniotomy

31

what is is called when a surgeon removes a bone flap in the skull and does not replace the bone flap

crainiectomy

32

What passes through the supraorbital foreamen

supra-orbital nerve and vessels

33

What passes through the infraorbital foreamen

infra-orbital nerve and vessels

34

What is the name of the foreamen found at the lateral aspect of the zygomatic bones

zygomaticofacial foramen

35

What nerve passes through the stylomoastiod foramen

facial nerve

36

Describe the difference between Lefort fracture I, II and III?

I-fracture above the upper lip in the maxilla
II-fracture lateral from the maxilla sinuses through the medial aspect of the infra-orbital foramina
III- horizontal fracture that passes through the ehtmoid, nasal bones, superior orbital fissures and wings of the sphenoid bone